Albert and Ethel Herzstein Library, San Jacinto Museum of History

Kuykendall-Caruthers Family Papers

Manuscript Collection: MC188

Collection Summary

Creator: Kuykendall family
Title: Kuykendall-Caruthers family papers
Dates: 1948-1964
Abstract: Genealogical material, photographs, and family anecdotes illuminate the Caruthers, Kuykendall, and Pierce families of Texas in the 19th century.
Identification: MC188
Quantity: 33 items
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Albert and Ethel Herzstein Library, San Jacinto Museum of History, La Porte, Texas

Creator Sketch

John Caruthers was born in Kentucky, in 1807. He married Frances Murphy in 1827, and in 1836, they moved to Texas. He joined Houston’s army on June 30, 1836, and became a member of Captain Pearson’s company. His brother Allen participated in the Battle of San Jacinto, and brother William was with the guard at Harrisburg on April 21, 1836. Another brother, Ewing Caruthers, died in the Goliad Massacre. John Caruthers died in 1856; he had fourteen children. His children are the subjects of the bulk of the photographs contained in these papers.

Sarah Frances Caruthers, daughter of John and Frances Caruthers, was born in 1841. She married Aquilla Pierce, a Confederate soldier from Hill County, in 1862. They had three children: Terry, Aquilla, and Joanna. Joanna Pierce married Dr. A. R. Kuykendall. The Kuykendall family was one of the first families to settle in Austin’s Colony in 1821 and was comprised of Capt. Abner, Capt. Robert, Peter and Joseph Kuykendall.

Rhea Kuykendall, son of Joanna and A. R. Kuykendall, is the donor of these papers. Rhea Kuykendall served in the U.S. Army during World War I. Afterwards he served as a Presbyterian missionary in the ranching district of western New Mexico.

Scope and Content Note

The Kuykendall-Caruthers Family Papers are comprised of correspondence, a newspaper clipping, creative works and photographs documenting the lives of early Texans. Correspondence is comprised of four letters written by the donor of the collection, Rhea Kuykendall, to San Jacinto Museum of History trustee L. W. Kemp. The letters provide biographical data and other significant historical information regarding the Caruthers family of early Texas. The 1964 newspaper clipping from the El Paso Times entitled "‘Preacher K’ One of Last of Area’s Circuit Raiders" provides biographical information on the life of Reverend Rhea Kuykendall.

Creative works is comprised of four separate biographical and historical sketches. The Caruthers family biographical sketch was written by Rhea Kuykendall and provides individual sketches of Elizabeth Ann Caruthers, Allen Caruthers, Angia Caruthers, Andrew Jackson Caruthers, Dr. Arthur R. Barry, Capt. Samuel Caruthers, Capt. Terry Caruthers, Lt. Aquilla Pierce, Eliza Caruthers, Ella Caruthers Porter, Sarah Frances Caruthers, John Caruthers, William Caruthers, and Ewing Caruthers. The historical sketch on the Kuykendall family was written by Benjamin S. Kuykendall with additions by Rhea Kuykendall and is entitled "Early Days in Texas." These pages provide anecdotal accounts of the Kuykendall family dating as far back as 1844. There is also a biographical sketch of Abner Kuykendall, compiled by L. W. Kemp, which goes back to his arrival in Texas in 1831. The Pierce family biographical sketches, written by Rhea Kuykendall in 1948, include information centering on the life of Aquilla Pierce, who was 1/4 Cherokee and the grandfather of Rhea Kuykendall. These sketches also include information pertaining to Joseph, Riley, David, Robert, Woods and Calvin Pierce all of whom were citizens of the Republic of Texas.

Twenty-three photographs are of members of the Kuykendall, Caruthers and Pierce families. These include Terry Caruthers, Ella Caruthers Porter, Sarah F. Odgen Moore, Allen Caruthers, Elizabeth Ann Caruthers, Mary Delilah Edwards, Ewing Caruthers, Sarah Frances Caruthers, Aquilla Pierce, Dr. Arthur R. Barry, Angia Caruthers, Rev. Rhea Kuykendall, Andrew Jackson Caruthers, Elizabeth Eubank, Amie McElroy, William Caruthers, John Caruthers, Mollie Conatser, and Capt. Sam Caruthers, his wife and six children.


Arrangement is chronological and alphabetical.


Restrictions on Access


Terms Governing Use

Open for research by appointment.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the San Jacinto Museum of History. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Library Director. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the San Jacinto Museum of History as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.

Index Terms

Barry, Angia Caruthers
Barry, Angia Caruthers--Photographs
Barry, Arthur R.
Barry, Arthur R.--Photographs
Brown, Eliza Caruthers, b. 1839--Photographs
Caruthers, Allen, 1837-1876
Caruthers, Allen, 1837-1876--Photographs
Caruthers, Andrew Jackson
Caruthers, Andrew Jackson--Photographs
Caruthers, Amie McElroy--Photographs
Caruthers, Elizabeth Eubank--Photographs
Caruthers, Ewing, 1832-1862
Caruthers, Ewing, 1832-1862--Photographs
Caruthers, John, 1807-1856
Caruthers, John Houston, 1843-1903
Caruthers, John Houston, 1843-1903--Photographs
Caruthers, Mary Delilah Edwards--Photographs
Caruthers, Mollie Conatser--Photographs
Caruthers, Samuel, 1828-1899
Caruthers, Samuel, 1828-1899--Photographs
Caruthers, Sarah F. Ogden Moore--Photographs
Caruthers, Terry
Caruthers, Terry--Photographs
Caruthers, William, b. 1830
Caruthers, William, b. 1830--Photographs
Kemp, Louis Wiltz, 1881-1956
Kuykendall, Abner, d. 1834
Kuykendall, Benjamin S.
Kuykendall, Rhea
Kuykendall, Rhea--Photographs
Pierce, Aquilla
Pierce, Aquilla--Photographs
Pierce, Calvin
Pierce, David
Pierce, Joseph, 1812-1856
Pierce, Riley
Pierce, Robert
Pierce, Sarah Frances Caruthers, 1841-1878
Pierce, Sarah Frances Caruthers, 1841-1878--Photographs
Pierce, Woods
Porter, Elizabeth Ann Caruthers, 1835-1925
Porter, Elizabeth Ann Caruthers, 1835-1925--Photographs
Porter, Ella Caruthers
Porter, Ella Caruthers--Photographs
Caruthers family
Kuykendall family
Texas--History--Republic, 1836-1846
Texas--History--Revolution, 1835-1836

Administrative Information


[Identification of Item], Kuykendall-Caruthers Family Papers, MC188, San Jacinto Museum of History, Houston, Texas.


Rhea Kuykendall, February 1949.

Processing Information

Processed by Lisa M. Lomas, 2012.



box folder
170.6 1 Rhea Kuykendall to L. W. Kemp 1848-1964

Printed Materials

box folder
170.6 2 Newspaper clipping 1864 January 26

Creative Works

box folder
170.6 3 Biographical sketch: Caruthers family undated
4 Biographical sketch: Kuykendall family undated
5 Biographical sketch: Abner Kuykendall undated
6 Biographical sketch: Pierce family 1948


box folder
170.6 7 Photographs undated