Woodson Research Center, Rice University

Guide to the Twenty-Six Literary Club records, c. 1910-1994 MS 066

creator Twenty-Six Literary Club (Houston, Tex.).
Title: Twenty-Six Literary Club records
Dates: c. 1910-1994
Abstract: The records of the Twenty-Six Literary Club document the activities of this women’s social and philanthropic club established in 1909 by a group of Houston women residing in the Woodland Heights neighborhood. Some members’ daughters became students at the Rice Institute (later University) after it opened in 1912 and continued the Club, expanding its membership over the years and engaging in various community projects, including providing scholarships for young women entering Rice.
Identification: MS 066
Quantity: 3.0 cubic ft.(6 boxes)
Repository: Woodson Research Center, Rice University, Houston, Texas

Biographical Sketch

A group of Houston women residing in the Woodland Heights neighborhood founded a club in 1909, initially calling it “The 26 Club,” so named (according to tradition) because their modest homes could accommodate up to 26 guests. To their chagrin, they later discovered that this was also the name of a saloon on Houston Avenue, and promptly changed their name to “The 26 Literary Club” (which for archival purposes has been re-phrased as “The Twenty-Six Literary Club”). The daughters of a number of the original members became students at Rice Institute (later University) after it opened in 1912 and continued the Club, which over time was expanded and, along with its social activities, assumed various philanthropic projects, including providing scholarships for young women entering Rice.

Scope and Contents

Meeting minutes, membership directories, photographs, newsclippings, biographical notes and more document the members and activities of the Twenty-Six Literary Club from 1910-1994.


The Twenty-Six Literary Club records are arranged the following four series:
Series I: Minutes, 1955-1985
Series II: Directories, 1923-1998
Series III: General club records
Series IV: Photographs and Scrapbooks, 1910s-1994


Access Restrictions

This material is open for research but requires 24 hrs. for retrieval. Please call ahead at 713-348-2586 or e-mail woodson@rice.edu.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish material from the Twenty-Six Literary Club records must be obtained from the Woodson Research Center.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Armstrong, Dora
Autry, Hennie
Bond, Mary
Brandenberger, Eleanor
Cole, Frances
Crabbe, Julia
Cunningham, Edna Mae
Dennard, Kathryn
Engstron, Verena
Hamilton, Allene
Kennedy, Bernice
Kuhn, Alma
Lawrence, Lee
LeGrand, Mary Margaret
Manning, Maxine
McReynolds, Jennie
Nagle, Joyce
Pickle, Lee
Richardson, Roxie
Seamenn, Gwen
Shelby, Ruth
Switzer, Beaulah
Taylor, Alberta
Thigpen, Hazel
Vanderslice, Eleanor
Walters, Evelyn
Weisinger, Frances
Williams, Amy
Winning, Given
Winning, Lucile
Subjects (Organizations)
Rice University.
Twenty-Six Literary Club (Houston, Tex.).
Book clubs (Discussion groups)
Women--Societies and clubs
clippings (information artifacts)

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Twenty-Six Literary Club records, c. 1910-1994, MS 66, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University.

Acquisition Information

The Twenty-Six Literary Club Records were donated January 6, 2004 and August 12, 2005 by Joyce Nagle (Rice, Class of 1944).

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I: Minutes, 1955-1985

Box Folder
1 1 Minutes, 1910-1911
2 Minutes, 1913-1916, 1918-1919
3 Minutes, 1916-1917
4 Minutes, 1922-1929
5 Minutes, 1929-1933
Box Folder
2 1 Minutes, 1933-1938
2 Minutes, 1947-1949
3 Minutes, 1951-1953
4 Minutes, 1955-1985 (Folder 1 of 2)
5 Minutes, 1955-1985 (Folder 2 of 2)

Series II: Directories, 1923-1998

Box Folder
3 1 1911-1929
2 1930-1939
3 1940-1949
4 1950-1959
5 1960-1969
Box Folder
4 1 1970-1979
2 1980-1989
3 1990-1998

Series III: General club records

Box Folder
4 4 Clippings
5 Correspondence
6 Federations of Women’s Clubs
7 The Texas Clubwoman, Directory Issue, Sept. 1958
8 Guest Book, April 3, 1957-September 3, 1964
Box Folder
5 1 Histories and Constitution
2 Notepaper
3 Notes – brief biographies of club members
4 Program lists, annual themes, hostesses
5 Songs, poems, and prayers
6 Special Events (teas and anniversaries)
7 Yearbook, 1910-1911 (photocopy)

Series IV: Photographs and Scrapbooks, 1910s-1994

Box Folder
5 8 Photographs, 1910s-1980s
ca. 1910: on Rice campus of Mr. Lee Miller, Ruth Shelby, Julia Crabbe, Mr. Given Winning
1940s: Ms. Black, Ms. Norman, Ms. Duke, Ms. Lavereuax, Ms. Lucile Winning (Mrs. G.W. Winning), Alma Kuhn (Mrs. E.R. Kuhn), Agnes Andrews (Mrs. Wayne Andrews), Ruth Harper (Mrs. Max Harper), Mrs. Frank Cox , Mrs. E.B. Burkhin, Hennie Autry (Mrs. H.S. Autry), Beulah Switzer (Mrs. P.E. Switzer), Ruby Jones (Mrs. J. Jones), Amy Williams (Mrs. O.B. Williams)
1960s: Zelma Schwarts, Berta Black, Bess Gardner, Mrs. Andrews, Mrs. Willbanks, Mrs. McReynolds, Mrs. Richardson, Mrs. Johnson, Mrs. Hammerly, Mrs. Winning, Mrs. Jones, Mrs. Kennedy
1970s: Frances Cole, Lee Pickle, Bobbie Ozzell, Hazel Thigpen, Mary Bond, Edna Mae Cunningham, Lorena Kobs, Frances Weisinger, Eleanor Vanderslice, Louise Crowell, Alene Edge, Helen Morrison, Joyce Nagle, Alberta Taylor, Frances Moers, Maurine Hardison, Dena Standish, Alma Kuhn
1980s: Roxie Richardson, Grace Moseley, Mary Margaret LeGrand, Evelyn Wathen, Lee Pickle, Gwen Seammen, Maurine Hardison, Frances Moers, Helen Morrison, Frances Cole, Bernice Kennedy, Dora Armstrong
Box Folder
5 9 Portrait album (c. 1920s-?)
Mrs. J. Lee Norman, Mrs. W.M. Harrell, Mrs. E.L. Crumpacker, Mrs. R. M. Blieke (portrait missing), Mrs. James D. Jones, Mrs. Wayne Andrews, Mrs. H.A. Gardner, Mrs. Robert E. Morse, Mrs. Ralph Walton, Mrs. D.L. Landrum (portrait missing), Mrs. J.L. Klinger Mrs. Ed Walker, Mrs. G. O. Wilson, Mrs. Frank Cox, Mrs. P. Geo. Maercky, Mrs. J.F. Ransome, Mrs. W.J. Morrow, Mrs. R.A. LeRoux, Mrs. T.M. Spence, Mrs. N. H. Dickinson, Mrs. C. K. Wilbanks, Mrs. F.J. Richardson (portrait missing),Mrs. F.M. Stones, Mrs. Winefred Lamoreaux, Mrs. H.S. Autry, Mrs. W. E. Vater, Mrs. Ira J. Allen, Mrs. J. Vandaveer, Mrs. R.H. Swartz, Mrs. J.W. Bond, Mrs. J. I. McGregor, Mrs. L.R. Gripon, Mrs. S.J. Eubank, Mrs. Henry John, Mrs. P.E. Switzer, Mrs. W.R. Shriner, Mrs. Anna M. English (portrait missing), Mrs. F.M. Black, Mrs. G. W. Winning (portrait missing), Mrs. T.F. Gilley, Mrs. W.S. Brandenburger (portrait missing), Mrs. M. Beringe,r Mrs. W.E. Garner, Mrs. J.L. McReynolds, Mrs. A.B. Haynes, Mrs. A.E. Goffe, Mrs. R.E. Avery, Mrs. Carl H. Duke, Mrs. F.M. Allerton, Mrs. Fred Jones
Box Folder
6 1 Memorial scrapbook, 1959-1997
Scope and Contents note
Containing resolutions of respect composed by club members for members who have passed away.
2 General scrapbook, 1988-1994
Scope and Contents note
Featuring: Joyce Nagle, Lee Lawrence, Edna May Cunningham, Mary Margaret LeGrand, Bernice Kennedy, D. Armstrong, Maxine Manning, Evelyn Walters, Lee Pickle, Ruby Clifton, Gwen Seammen, Grace Moseley, Frances Cole, Roxie Richardson, P. Ryan, G. Wilson, M. Hardison, Kathryn Dennard, Alberta Taylor, Y. Nash, C. Nash, A. Suchichi, Verena Engstrom, Allene Hamilton, Glenna Wilson, Mrs. Hrivnatz, Lynn Griggsly