Guide to the Hugh H. Wilson U.S. Civil War papers, 1862-1868 MS 125
Hugh H. Wilson was a resident of Sumter District, South Carolina. He owned several slaves (at least) and ran a farm or plantation with them. In the summer of 1862 he began to court Mary Grier (or, at least, one letter has a pencilled-in notation by the name "Mrs. Grier": "Our grandmother"), a resident of Cheraw. In October, Mary and Hugh were married.
In the meantime, Hugh Wilson was searching for an appropriate position in the South Carolina army. Concerned with various possibilities of the Conscription Act and its Exemption Bill, Wilson sought a position either in medical or commissary work. Exploiting a family connection with the Witherspoon family, he finally became quartermaster sergeant on the staff of Col. James H. Witherspoon, 8th Regiment of the South Carolina Reserves, assigned to coastal defense.
That Wilson survived the war is attested by a letter written in 1868. An oblique reference in a letter written in 1874 seems to indicate he was living in that year. The course of his subsequent life is unknown.
The letters of H.H. Wilson consist of 21 autograph letters with 7 drafts for the letters. In addition, a letter of January 3-4, 1864, is preserved in an undated newspaper clipping, and there is a letter of 1874 written to Mrs. Wilson on the death of her child by Betty M. McLeod. With the exception of one letter, written in 1868, all of Wilson's letters cover the period from 1862-1864.
Many of the letters are courtship letters. They contain much information on the aspirations and attitudes of the South Carolina upper classes. In addition, Wilson pays special attention to hospitals and medicine, schools, and cemeteries. Some material is contained in the letters which pertains to camp life and the military. Much of the material concerns the problem of conscription.
This material is open for research.
Permission to publish material from the Hugh H. Wilson U.S. Civil War papers must be obtained from the Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library.
Hugh H. Wilson U.S. Civil War papers, 1862-68, MS #125, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University]
Gift of Mrs. Hardin Craig, Jr. (granddaughter of Wilson), 1956.
Finding aid prepared by John Fowler, 1978.
Detailed Description of the Collection
Antietam, Battle of 18621862, 9-25
Artillery Batteries n.d.
Benbow, Col. C.S.A.1862, 9-11
Bleeding (Medical procedure)1862, 9-11
Blockade of civilian traffic 2186, 9-11
Camp Hampton1866, 12-5
Charleston Mercury1868, 7-3
Chesterfield Academy1862, 8-22
Church Services (Presbyterian)1862, 10-23
Civilian desertion of countryside on CSA occupation1863, 5-22
Colzy, Sam 1862
Commissary Department (C.S.A.)
Conscript Law (in South Carolina)
Conscript Law (Exemption Bill)
Cooper, Eli1862, 7-11
Cooperation between Confederate and state government
Corinth, Battle of 18621862, 8-22
Cox, Mrs. from Masiou1863, 6-23
Crane, Dr. and Mrs. 1862
Crane, [Elizabeth] "Lizzie"1862, 8-22
Deserters (C.S.A.) executedn.d.
Dick, J.H.1862, 7-11
Edgeworth Seminary1862, 7-21
8th Regiment South Carolina Reserves1862, 8-22 and n.d.
English, T.R., Rev.1862, 10-23
Family connections1862, 6-30
Foreigners, attitudes toward1862, 9-20
Gilmer, Congressman1862, 7-21
Human Nature1862, 8-29
Jenkins, Micah Gen. C.S.A.1862, 9-11
Joint stock companies
[K]no[w]-nothing Party1862, 7-21
LaC[a]ste, Sam1862, 8-6
Lee, Stephen Dill (?) Col. C.S.A.1862, 7-11
Mayes, William (Dr.)
McBride, James1862, 7-21
McCutcheon, George1862, 9-8
Methodist College1862, 7-21
Mills, Mr. (H.H.W.'s neighbor)
Molloy, T.1862, 8-6
Montgomery, Mrs. (H.H.W.'s sister)
Montgomery, John1862, 10-15
Montgomery, Sue (H.H.W.'s niece)
Moore, Hannah1862, 9-25
Morehead, Governor1862, 7-21
Moses, F.J. Col. C.S.A.1862, 7-21
Mount Pleasant, S.C.n.d.
Mount Zion, S.C.1862, 8-22
Planter's Cotton Bank1862, 8-6
Powder mills1862, 8-6
Prisoners, Confederate1862, 8-22
Reserves, South Carolina
Rich and poor, conflict between1862, 10-10
Richmond Cemetary1862, 7-21
Richmond General Hospital1862, 7-21
Roberts, Lt. Col. C.S.A.1862, 9-11
Rutledge, Col. C.S.A.n.d.
Sanduskey, Ohio1862, 8-22
Sasnasky (sic.), Madam, High School of 18621862, 9-20
Savannah, Georgia1862, 9-20
Scott, Mrs. (H.H.W.'s sister)
Scott, John (H.H.W.'s nephew)
Scott, May (H.H.W.'s niece)
Scudder, "Sissie" 1862
"Second Revolution"1862, 7-21
Servants (free)1868, 7-3
Shaw, Dwight1862, 9-8
Shaw, Mary1862, 8-22
Smythe, Bob1862, 9-20
South Carolina, invasion of, 18611862, 9-11
Sullivan Island, South Carolinan.d.
Sumter Gazette1862, 9-8
Supply wagons1862, 12-5
Taxes and tarriffs1862, 7-21
Teachers (and Professors)
Thornwell, Dr. and Mrs.
Virginia Campaign (1862)1862, 9-11
Walker, William S. Gen. C.S.A.n.d.
Whilden, Maj. C.S.A.1862, 9-11
White's Battery1863, 6-23
Wilson, Dr.1863, 6-23
Wilson, Clara1862, 10-23
Wilson, R.E.1862, 9-8
Wilson, W.W.1862, 10-23
Witherspoon, Capt. C.S.A.1862, 9-20
Witherspoon, A.J., Rev.1862, 8-22
Witherspoon, Dunham, from Yorkville 18621862, 9-20
Witherspoon, James H. Col. C.S.A.
Witherspoon, J[ohn] E.
Word's Battery1863, 6-23
Worley Battery1863, 6-23