Houston Public Library, Houston Metropolitan Research Center

Stuart-Allen Collection:

An Inventory of Records at the Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library

Descriptive Summary

Creator Stuart, Robert Cummings, IV
Title Stuart-Allen Collection
Dates: 1850-1970's
Identification MSS 137
Extent 12 boxes
Language Materials are in English.
Repository Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library

Scope and Contents

The Stuart-Allen Collection is a compilation of correspondence, legal papers, maps, clippings, and financial accounts relating to the caer of Houston realtor Robert Cummings Stuart IV (d. 1976), grandson of Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Ezekiel Allen. These records reflect the activities of the Allen and Stuart families from the mid-nineteenth century to the 1970's, with particular emphasis on the period from 1920 to 1931. The collection was donated by Mrs. Philip Koelsch, daughter of Mr. Stuart.

The papers contain condiserable information on the Allen Ranch, one of the largest such estates in southeast Texas. From the late 1840's till the turn of the century, Samuel William Allen and his son Samuel Ezekiel exported cattle, tallow, and hides to eastern and foreign markets from their headquarters on the Sims bayou. Several years after Samuel Ezekiel's death in 1913, his widow Rosa C. Allen authorized her grandson Robert C. Stuart to sell the ranch, properties amounting to more than 23,000 acres in Harris and Brazoria counties alone. One 700 acre tract had already been earmarked in 1917 as the principal refinery site for the Sinclair Oil Company (now the Atlantic Richfield Corporation). During the 1920's, Stuart utilized additional land parcels to create the subdivisions Allendale, Allen Farms, and Lum Terrace.

The collection is particularly strong on materials from the 1920's reflecting the creation of these three southeastern suburbs. The papers throw light not only on the Allen estate, but on general trends in city growth and the role of the Houston realtor in an era of prosperity. Scholars may also glean biographical data on various members of the Stuart and Allen families, and to a lesser degree, insight on the cattle trade and ranch life of southeastern Texas in the latter part of the nineteenth century.


The collection has been divided into two major subgroups: the first four boxes relate directly to the Stuart family; the latter seven contain material concerned with the Allen Ranch and ist dissolution. Within these two groupings, the papers are arranges by topic; subseries are distinguished by material types. A chronological order is maintained within each file.


Access Restrictions


Use Restrictions

Permission to publish or reproduce materials from the Stuart-Allen Collection must be obtained from the Houston Metropolitan Research Center or the appropriate copyright holder.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Stuart, Robert Cummings, IV
Stuart family
Allen family

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Stuart-Allen Collection. MSS 137. Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library.

Acquisition Information

Donated by Mrs. Philip Koelsch, 1979.

Processing Information

Processed by Sharon Bice Endelman, 1979.

Detailed Description

Stuart Family

Robert C. Stuart III
Box Folder
1 1 Business Activities - correspondence, 1892-1931
2 Land Holdings North of the Buffalo Bayou - Abstract of Title, 1906
3 Miscellaneous Personal Memorabilia, 1894-1931
Robert C. Stuart IV
Box Folder
1 4 Childhood Records and Diaries, 1904-1911
5 Diary of a Cruise to Cuba, 1927
Box Folder
2 1 Woodrow Wilson Club of Harvard - Correspondence, 1920-1923, 1969
2 Harvard Club of Houston - Correspondence, 1944-1949
3 Harvard Club of Houston - Correspondence, January-June 1950
4 Harvard Club of Houston - Correspondence, July 1950-1976
5 Harvard Club of Houston - Newsletters, Reports, 1947-1951
6 Harvard Club of Houston - Newspaper Clippings, 1948-1951
7 Harvard University - Listings of Texas Students and Alumni
8 Harvard University - Newsletters, Pamphlets, Programs, 1937-1951
Box Folder
3 1 Business and legal Activities Not Relating to the Allen Estate - Correspondence, 1918-1962 and undated
2 Campaign to Promote the Fig Industry - Correspondence, 1925
3 Civic Affairs - Correspondence, Miscellaneous Materials, 1923-1972
4 Improvements in Highways and Roads - Correspondence, 1925-1931, 19581961
5 Political Involvement - Correspondence, Papers, 1923-1972
6 Political Involvement - Minutes of the Harris county Democratic Precinct Conventions, 1948 and 1950
7 Taxes - Correpsondence, Financial Accounts, 1926-1927
Box Folder
4 1 Family Affairs - Clippings
2 Family Affairs - Personal Correspondence, 1892-1928
3 Family Affairs - Personal Correspondence, 1929-1977, undated
4 Family Affairs - Programs and Bulletins, Unpublished Historical Narratives

Allen Estate

Box Folder
5 1 General Land Sales, Leases, and Exchanges - Correspondence, 1916-1929
2 Land Development - Bills, 1923-1925
3 Land Development - Correspondence, 1921-1931
4 Land Development - Pamphlets
5 Sinclair Oil Refinery Site - Miscellaneous Materials
6 Trust Funds and Lands - Correspondence, Accounts, 1913-1929
Box Folder
6 1 Abstracts of Title for Land in Harris County
2 Collections for Allendale, Allen Farms, and Lum Terrace, 1923-1926
3 Collections for Allendale, Allen Farms, and Lum Terrace, 1931-1933
4 Payment Booklets for Allendale, Allen Farms, and Lum Terrace
5 Real Estate Advertisements, 1924-1925
6 Sales Agents - Personnel Records and Regulations
7 Sales Prices for Individual Lots, Listings, 1923-1926
8 Surveys of Land - Field Notes
Box Folder
7 1 Legal Activities of Allen, Poole, and Co. - Diary, 1878
2 Legal Disputes - Clippings, 1927-1936
3 Legal Disputes - Correspondence, 1870-1912
4 Legal Disputes - Correspondence, 1822-1943
5 Legal Disputes - Publications, 1911, 1928-1931
6 Legal Disputes - Sworn Statements and Other Miscellaneous Documents, 1899-1928, undated
7 Wills of Tosa C. Allen, 1922-1930
Box Folder
8 1 Legal Deeds and Agreements, 1842-1912
2 Legal Deeds and Agreements, 1913-1924
3 Legal Deeds and Agreements, 1925-1926
4 Legal Deeds and Agreements, 1927-1929
5 Legal Deeds and Agreements, 1930-1942, undated
Box Folder
9 1 Camp Allen - Correspondence, Clippings
2 Miscellaneous Business Affairs - Correspondence, 1895, 1922-1933, 1962, undated
3 Miscellaneous Investment Securities - Correspondence, Receipts, 1915-1937
4 Oriental Textile Mills - Correspondence, 1923
5 Taxes, Federal - Correspondence, Accounts, 1926-1933
6 Taxes, Local - Correspondence, Accounts, 1906-1928
Box Folder
10 1 Family Financial Accounts - Correspondence, Bills, 1921-1928
2 Listings of Deposits and Checks at the First National Bank and Guardian Trust Co., 1923-1927
3 Statements of Account for Rosa C. Allen with the First National Bank of Houston, 1923-May 1931
4 Statements of Account for Rosa C. Allen with the First and Second National Banks of Houston, June 1931-1936
5 Statements of Account for the Estate of Rosa C. Allen with the Federal Trust Co., 1931-1932
Box Folder
11 1 Historical Narratives and Commemorative Programs Concerning the Allen Ranch and Family Members
2 Miscellaneous Newspaper Clippings Concerning the Allen Ranch and Family Members
3 Property Maps

Photographs and Negatives

Box Folder
12 1 Allen Ranch
2 Allen Ranch
3 Allen Ranch
4 Allen Ranch
5 Allen Ranch
6 Allen and Stuart Family Members
7 Miscellaneous
8 Miscellaneous
9 Miscellaneous Negatives
10 Camp Allen Negatives