Daughters of the Republic of Texas Collection at Texas A&M University-San Antonio

A Guide to the Yanaguana Society (San Antonio, Tex.) Records, 1931-1960

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Yanaguana Society (San Antonio, Tex.)
Title: Yanaguana Society (San Antonio, Tex.) Records
Dates: 1931-1960
Creator Abstract: Formed in 1933 by a group of San Antonio, Texas, residents, the Yanaguana Society aimed to encourage research into the earliest records of San Antonio. The organization sponsored a number of activities, including an exhibit of San Antonio artwork at the Witte Museum in 1933 and a series of publications. The Society also acquired thirteen paintings by San Antonio artist Theodore Gentilz. Activity declined in the 1940s and came to a halt in 1943 following the death of Frederick C. Chabot, the primary organizer of the group. A reorganization was attempted in 1946, but a lack of interest led to the dissolution of the Society in 1947.
Content Abstract: Correspondence, minutes, resolutions, membership records, printed material, financial records, and literary productions are part of the Yanaguana Society records. General Society records include the first proposals for the new organization, a fairly complete set of minutes, and routine business. Special projects documented include the Art Committee, which worked on the 1933 exhibition and the acquisition of the Gentilz paintings. Some items deal with the donation of Society records to the Daughters of the Republic of Texas. A few personal papers of Frederick C. Chabot are also included.
Identification: Col 924
Extent: 1.67 linear feet (4 boxes)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo, San Antonio, Texas

Historical Note

The Yanaguana Society was formed in 1933 by a group of San Antonio, Texas, residents to, according to its charter, "encourage historical research into the earliest records of San Antonio, especially those relating to the period or periods previous to 1855." The organization, named for the Payaya Indian word for the village located at the site of San Antonio, was the brainchild of San Antonio historian Frederick C. Chabot, who first raised the idea in 1931. A primary function of the group was to be the publication of source documents related to the city's history.

The first meeting of the Yanaguana Society in 1933 October drew about 100 people to the Gunter Hotel, where by-laws and resolutions were adopted, setting membership categories and electing members. Most of the first members were prominent San Antonians, though others from around Texas and from other states were active throughout the life of the organization.

One of the group's first projects was an exhibit of San Antonio artwork, held at the Witte Museum in 1933 December. Also under the charge of its Art Committee, the society acquired thirteen paintings by San Antonio artist Theodore Gentilz and later obtained other works of art. The publication program began with the release of the thesis of Carlos E. Casteneda, A Report on the Spanish Archives in San Antonio, Texas, in 1937. A total of seven volumes were published by the Yanaguana Society, including a special release of Chabot's With the Makers of San Antonio.

Though the society continued to attract new members, activity declined during the early 1940s and practically came to a halt with Chabot's death in 1943. In 1946, an effort was made to reorganize and revive the society, but a lack of adequate interest led the directors to dissolve the Society on 1947 March 14. The Yanaguana Society's remaining publications and funds were transferred to the San Antonio Historical Society, while its paintings, Texana collection, and records were given to the Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, minutes, resolutions, membership material, printed material, financial documents, and literary productions are part of the operating records of the Yanaguana Society.

The papers provide a fairly complete record of the operations of the historical organization. The papers include general operating records and subgroups made up of the records of the Society's Art Committee, records generated by the Daughters of the Republic of Texas in connection with the Society's papers, and records of Frederick C. Chabot.

The general material includes extensive correspondence, beginning with Chabot's first proposals for the organization in 1931, through initial membership recruitment in 1933, specific projects, and routine business, up to the dissolution of the Society. Copies of letters sent were maintained. Some letters, especially those written to Chabot, cover other topics, such as historical research.

A fairly complete set of minutes exists. The minutes often contain the text of resolutions adopted by the directors and letters sent and received. A ledger contains minutes of the final three years of the society's existence.

The actual working manuscripts of society's publications consist of a complete manuscript of McFarland's Journal. A few short papers by Chabot are also included.

Financial records include orders for Society publications, some bills and receipts, and bank records, which are somewhat scattered and incomplete. A ledger contains annual financial reports for each year of the organization's existence.

The Art Committee subgroup consists of correspondence related to the Yanaguana Society art exhibition of 1933 and the acquisition and use of paintings, particularly works by Theodore Gentilz. Other documents related to the Gentilz paintings are also included. References to the disposition of these paintings upon the dissolution of the society can also be found in the general correspondence and resolutions.

The Daughters of the Republic of Texas material includes correspondence and other items produced after the Yanaguana Society was disbanded and its papers were donated to the DRT Library. Much of the correspondence concerns the purchase of Yanaguana Society publications.

The Frederick C. Chabot records include a copy of Chabot's will, letters, and other items related to the Yanaguana Society's dealings with his estate. A small amount of printed material and financial documents pertain to Chabot's professional activities outside the Yanaguana Society.


Access Restrictions

No restrictions. The collection is open for research.

Usage Restrictions

Please be advised that the library does not hold the copyright to most of the material in its archival collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to secure those rights when needed. Permission to reproduce does not constitute permission to publish. The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming to the laws of copyright, literary property rights, and libel.

Index Terms

Personal Names
Chabot, Frederick C. (Frederick Charles), b. 1891.
Gentilz, Theodore, d. 1906.
Yanaguana Society.
History--Societies, etc.
History publishing--Texas.
San Antonio (Tex.)--History Study and teaching.
Administrative records.
Financial records.
Printed ephemera.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Yanaguana Society (San Antonio, Tex.) Records, 1931-1960, Col 924, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Gift of the Yanaguana Society, 1947.

Processing Information

Processed by Warren Stricker, 1991 May.

Finding aid edited and encoded by Caitlin Donnelly, 2011 December.

Detailed Description of the Collection


Yanaguana Society Records, 1931-1960

Box Folder
1 1 Charter: 3 items [photostats], 1933
Correspondence, 1931-1950
Letters sent: arranged chronologically, 1931-1950
2 9 items, 1931
3 17 items, 1933-1934
4 19 items, 1935-1939
5 19 items, 1941-1945
6 52 items, 1946
7 33 items, 1947, 1950
Letters received: arranged chronologically, 1931-1947
8 31 items, 1931, 1933
9 24 items, 1934-1936
10 13 items, 1937-1939
11 32 items, 1940
12 16 items, 1941
13 22 items, 1942
14 26 items, 1943-1945
15 38 items, 1946
16 15 items, 1947
17 Memorandum: publication policy, circa 1936
Minutes, 1933-1947
18 1933
19 1934
20 1935
21 1936
22 1937
23 1938
24 1939
25 1940
26 1941
Box Folder
2 27 1945-1946
28 1947
29 Ledger, 1945-1947
30 Annual report: 10 pages, 1933-1934
31 Resolutions: 4 items, 1946-1947
32 Membership lists: 7 items, 1936-1938, undated
33 Membership applications/dues: 40 items, 1932-1939, undated
34 Proxies: 54 items, 1933-1947
35 Press releases: 2 items, 1933, undated
36 Inventories: "Manuscript Material Inspected for Harry Hertzberg," typescript, 5 pages, 1933
Lists, 1933-1942, undated
37 Yanaguana Society publications: 3 items, 1942
38 Yanaguana Society publications: subscribers, 10 items, 1933-1942
39 Yanaguana Society officers and records: 2 pages, undated
40 Texas newspapers: 2 pages, undated
Miscellaneous: 2 items, undated
41 Membership application form: draft, typescript
Program: annual meeting, draft, typescript, 1933
Magazine cover: draft, typescript
Printed material, 1933-1946, undated
42 Programs: "Presentation of the Matachine Dance by Chichimec and Other Indians," 3 items, 1934
43 Clippings: 13 items, 1934-1946
44 Miscellaneous: 6 items, 1933, undated
Financial records, 1933-1947, undated
45 Financial reports: ledger, 70 pages, 1935-1947
46 Dues account book: 1 item, 1933-1947
47 List of statements mailed: 2 pages, undated
Box Folder
3 48 Accounts receivable, orders, etc.: approximately 30 items, 1937-1946
49 Accounts payable, bills, receipts, etc.: 26 items, 1934-1947
50 Bank statements, deposit slips, checks, etc.: unsorted, 1940-1947
Literary productions and manuscripts, 1934-1942
51 Chabot, Frederick C., supervisor, A Survey of Historical Records: Bexar County, Texas, 9 pages, 1934
52 Chabot, Frederick C., "First Americans of San Antonio," 45 pages, 1935
53 McFarland Journal, introduction, typescript, XLXI [LI] pages, 1942
54 McFarland Journal, typescript, 154 pages, 1942
55 McFarland Journal, notes and appendix, typescript, 39 pages
56 Texas Letters, unbound volume, 188 pages, 1940
57 Notes: 2 items, undated
58 Miscellaneous material: 3 items, undated
4 Card file: names, addresses, etc.
Box Folder
3 Art Committee, 1933-1950, undated
Correspondence: arranged chronologically, 1933-1950
59 Witte Museum Art Exhibit: 20 items, 1933-1934
60 Art, acquisition and use: includes letters concerning Theodore Gentilz paintings, 39 items, 1934-1950
61 Bills of sale, Gentilz paintings: 3 items, 1936-1937
62 Copyrights, Gentilz paintings: 16 items, 1936-1937
63 Insurance policy, Gentilz paintings: 2 items, 1937-1938
64 Press release: drafts, 2 items, 1933
Clippings: 1 item, 1933
Lists, 1933, undated
65 Witte Museum Exhibit/San Antonio art: 3 items, 1933, undated
66 Yanaguana Society presentations, oil paintings: 2 items, undated
67 Catalogs: "Catalog of a Loan Exhibition of Old San Antonio Paintings," 2 items, 1933
68 Receipts for paintings: 2 items, 1946, 1949
69 Notes: 3 items, 1933, undated
Daughters of the Republic of Texas, 1943-1960, undated
70 Correspondence: 53 items, 1958-1959
71 Inventories, 1947, undated
List of Papers of the Yanaguana Society: 1 item, 1947
Yanaguana Unit-DRT Library: 1 item, undated
72 Subject file: Frederick C. Chabot, 2 items, 1943, 1960
Frederick C. Chabot, 1933-1946
73 Estate papers: 14 items, 1940-1946
74 Financial records, printed material: 5 items, 1933-1941


Separated material

The following books have been separated from the Yanaguana Society's records and placed in the DRT Library's general collection. See the library's online catalog for additional information about these items.
An Act to Incorporate the City of San Antonio. Austin, Texas: Tracy, Siemering and Co., 1870.
Buck, Beaumont B. Memories of Peace and War. San Antonio: The Naylor Co., 1935.
Chabot, Frederick C., ed. Texas in 1811: The Las Casas and Sambrano Revolutions. San Antonio: Yanaguana Society, 1941.
Cole, Cornelia A. Gen. Robert Anderson.
Cuyas Armengol, Arturo. Gran Diccionario Ingles-Espanol. Barcelona: Sociedad General de Publicaciones, 1928.
Dobie, James Frank. Folk-lore of the Southwest. What is Being Done to Preserve It.
Dobie, James Frank. Publications of the Texas Folk-Lore Society. Austin, Texas: Texas Folk-Lore Society, 1923.
Dobie, James Frank, ed. Texas and Southwestern Lore. Austin, Texas: Texas Folk-Lore Society, 1927.
Estado General de las Fundaciones Hechas por D. Jose de Escandon en la Colonia del Nuevo Santander costa del seno Mexicano. Mexico: Talleres Graficos de la Nacion, 1929.
Hunter, Robert Hancock. Narrative of Robert Hancock Hunter. Austin: Cook Printing Co., 1936.
James, Vinton Lee. Frontier and Pioneer Recollections of Early Days in San Antonio and West Texas. San Antonio: Artes Graficas, 1938.
Jameson, E. O. The Biographical Sketches of Prominent Persons, and the Genealogical Records of Many Early and Other Families in Medway, Mass. 1713-1886. Millis, Massachusetts: E. O. Jameson, 1886.
Jones, W. Northey. The History of St. Peter's Church in Perth Amboy, New Jersey: the Oldest Congregation of the Church of New Jersey. 1924.
Lozano, Ruben Rendon. Viva Tejas: The Story of the Mexican-born Patriots of the Republic of Texas. San Antonio: Southern Literary Institute, 1936.
Maverick, Mary Ann Adams. Memoirs of Mary A. Maverick. San Antonio: Alamo Printing Co., 1921.
Newcomb, Pearson. The Alamo City. San Antonio: Pearson Newcomb, 1926.
Roster of Troops Serving in the Department of Texas, Commanded by Brigadier General Frank Wheaton, U.S. Army. San Antonio: Assistant Adjutant General's Office, 1894.
Rubio Mane, J. Ignacio. Los Piratas La Fitte. Mexico: Editorial Polis, 1938.
Ryan, W. M. Shamrock and Cactus: The Story of the Catholic Heroes of Texas Independence. San Antonio: Southern Literary Institute, 1936.
Scott, Florence Johnson. Old Rough and Ready on the Rio Grande. San Antonio: The Naylor Co., 1935.
Sloane, Charles Albert, ed. I Remember: Being the Memoirs of Mrs. John Herndon (Maria Aurelia Williams) James Together with Contemporary Historical Events and Sketches of her own and her Husband's Families. San Antonio: The Naylor Co., 1938.
Thompson, Waddy. Recollections of Mexico. New York: Wiley and Putnam, 1846.
Turton, W. H. The Plantagenet Ancestry. London: Phillimore and Co., 1928.
Waugh, Julia Nott. Castro-ville and Henry Castro, Emprasario. San Antonio: Standard Printing Co., 1934.
Wharton, Clarence R. The Republic of Texas: A Brief History from the First American Colonies in 1821 to Annexation in 1846. Houston: C. C. Young Printing Co., 1922.
Wharton, Clarence R. San Jacinto: The Sixteenth Decisive Battle. Houston: Lamar Book Store, 1930.