Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo

A Guide to the Julius Tengg Papers, 1859-1972

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Tengg, Julius, 1867-1966
Title: Julius Tengg Papers
Dates: 1859-1972
Creator Abstract: Born in San Antonio, Texas, Julius Tengg (1867-1966) was the eldest son of German-Austrian immigrants. He attended the German-English School and joined the book and stationery store owned by his father, Nic Tengg, remaining with the family business his entire life. He was also active in several San Antonio fraternal and social organizations.
Content Abstract: Correspondence, family material, school records, property records, records of organizations, printed material, photographs, and artifacts provide an overview of the interests and activities of Julius Tengg and members of his immediate family.
Identification: Col 831
Extent: 6.25 linear feet (8 document boxes, 3 oversize boxes)
Language: Materials are in English and German.
Repository: Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo, San Antonio, Texas

Biographical Note

Born into the thriving German-American community of San Antonio, Texas, Julius Tengg was an active member of the city’s business and social circles throughout his long life. His parents were Nicolas Tengg, a native of Austria who immigrated to Texas with his family as a child, and Louise Plumeyer Tengg, member of a German-immigrant family. The elder Tengg was employed in the book and stationery store established in 1854 by family friend Julius Berends, purchasing the business when Berends returned to his native Germany in 1874. Nic Tengg’s bookstore became an institution in downtown San Antonio and remained a family enterprise throughout its ninety-year existence, eventually involving several of Nic Tengg’s sons.

The eldest of nine children, Julius Tengg was born in San Antonio in 1867. He attended San Antonio schools, including the German-English School established by Berends and other members of the immigrant community. In 1891 he married Anna Deussen (1870-1955), also born in San Antonio to German-immigrant parents. The couple had four children: Louis, Lorine, Else, and Carl.

Julius Tengg was a member of a number of organizations and was particularly active in the Sons of Hermann and the Knights of Pythias. His entire working life was devoted to the family business, and he remained active into his nineties, a few years before Nic Tengg’s was closed by the family in 1964. In his later years Julius Tengg lived with his daughter Lorine Shepherd. He died after a short illness in 1966, shortly before his 99th birthday, and was buried in the family plot in City Cemetery No. 1.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, material related to the significant events of family members, school records, property records, records of organizations, printed material, photographs, and artifacts provide an overview of the interests and activities of Julius Tengg and some members of his immediate family.


Organization of Collection

This collection is organized into seven series.
Series 1: Correspondence
Series 2: Personal and family papers
Series 3: Property records
Series 4: Organizations
Series 5: Printed material
Series 6: Photographs
Series 7: Oversize material


Access Restrictions

One folder of Tengg family estate records is closed to researchers. The rest of the collection is open for research.

Usage Restrictions

Please be advised that the library does not hold the copyright to most of the material in its archival collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to secure those rights when needed. Permission to reproduce does not constitute permission to publish. The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming to the laws of copyright, literary property rights, and libel.

Index Terms

Personal Names
Tengg, Julius, 1867-1966.
Tengg, Anna Deussen, 1870-1955.
Tengg, Nicolas, 1847-1927.
Berends, Julius, 1817-1891.
Tengg family.
Deussen family.
Belknap Rifles (Military unit)
German-English School (San Antonio, Tex.)
Knights of Pythias. Lotus Lodge No. 89 (San Antonio, Tex.)
Nic Tengg (Firm)
Friendly societies--Texas--San Antonio.
German Americans--Texas--San Antonio.
Germans--Texas--San Antonio.
San Antonio (Tex.)--History--Sources.
Personal papers.
Financial records.
Printed ephemera.
Property records.
School records.

Separated Material

One glass plate negative (broken, in two parts) of the Nic Tengg store, family, and employees has been separated from the Julius Tengg papers.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Julius Tengg Papers, 1859-1972, Col 831, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Loraine C. Perry, 1982 August, 1989 April, and 2000 October.

Processing Information

Processed by Warren Stricker, 1999 January.

Finding aid edited and encoded by Caitlin Donnelly, 2011 December.

Detailed Description of the Collection


Series 1: Correspondence

The Correspondence series includes a miscellany of letters received and sent over a long period. Notable are letters written by Julius Berends to Julius Tengg after the former had left Texas for Germany. Tengg later corresponded with individuals in Germany about Berends.
Box Folder
1 1-2 Julius Tengg, 1888-1962
3 Julius Tengg: Julius Berends letters, 1876-1888
4 Julius Tengg: Louise Tengg birthday greetings, 1893-1898
5 Nic Tengg, Inc., 1928-1940
6 Lorine Shepherd/Loraine Perry, 1945-1964
7-8 Greeting cards
9 Envelopes


Series 2: Personal and family papers

Personal and family papers include documents recording family milestones such as births, marriages, and deaths. Items related to the attendance of Julius Tengg at the German-English school include a book containing his notes on several school subjects, a series of report cards, and some notes on the history of the school. Other items refer to the routine personal business of Julius Tengg, including records of his investments, some financial transactions, and insurance.
Box Folder
1 10 Birth and baptismal records: Nicolas Tengg, Julius Tengg, and Wilhelm Heinrich Deussen
11 Marriage records: Nicolas Tengg-Louise Plumeyer and Julius Tengg-Annie Deussen
12 Military records: Louis Tengg
13 Death and funeral records: Julius Tengg
Estate records
14 Thomas Tengg
Box Folder
11 Tengg family: closed file
Box Folder
1 15 Unidentified item
Genealogical and biographical material
16 Tengg and Deussen families
17 British Royal family
German-English School records
18 Notebook: Julius Tengg, also contains financial notes and memoranda, 1880
19 Report cards: Julius Tengg, 1874-1881
20 Miscellaneous
21 Medical records, 1905-1914
22 Insurance, 1930-1966
23 Financial records, 1910-1959
Box Folder
2 Stockholder records, 1929-1960
24 A. B. Frank Co., 1929-1946
25 San Antonio Public Service Co., 1939
26 Alamo Iron Works, 1960
27 Memorandum books
28 Notes


Series 3: Property records

This series groups together papers associated with San Antonio properties owned by Tengg. It contains deeds, abstracts, leases, tax bills and receipts, paving assessments, bills for repairs, and miscellaneous items.
Box Folder
2 E. Crockett and Chestnut Streets, City Block 168, 1916-1950
29 Title records, 1916
30 Leases, 1947, 1950
31 Paving assessments, 1920-1921
32 Tax records, 1916-1942
Starr (Houston) and Live Oak Streets, City Block 579, 1898-1921
33 Title records, 1898
34 Paving assessments, 1915-1921
Other properties, 1933-1952, undated
35 Repair records, 1947-1952
36 Tax and financial records, 1933
37 Miscellaneous, 1936, undated


Series 4: Organizations

This series contains general and individual records of the organizations to which Julius Tengg belonged. The Belknap Rifles, a San Antonio militia group, are represented by a bound volume containing its charter and bylaws and the minutes of early meetings. A San Antonio Knights of Pythias lodge is represented by a membership register, compilations of membership information, and material associated with the presentation to Tengg of a fifty-year membership award. Other organizations are represented by a small amount of Tengg’s individual membership material.
Box Folder
3 Belknap Rifles, 1886-1950
38 Constitution and bylaws/minutes, 1886-1888
39 Historical data, 1949-1950
Order of the Sons of Hermann, 1957-1961
40 Programs: 100th Anniversary Harmonia Lodge #1, 1961
41 Miscellaneous, 1957-1960
42 Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, San Antonio Lodge 216, 1920-1924
43 A.F.&A.M., Anchor Lodge #424, 1919
Knights of Pythias, Lotus Lodge #89, 1884-1938
44 Membership register, 1888-1921
45 Membership register: alphabetical compilation, 1888-1928
46 Membership register: chronological compilation, 1884-1927
47 Membership list
48 Ritual
49 Printed material
50 Notes
Julius Tengg, presentation of 50 Year Pythian Veteran’s Jewel, 1938
51 Program
52 Letters received
53 Letters sent
54 Clippings


Series 5: Printed material

Printed material includes a scattering of death notices, invitations, programs, periodicals, and newspaper clippings. A small selection of books and pamphlets include books in German on language, literature, and music.
Box Folder
4 55 Death notices, 1865-1933
56 Invitations and announcements, 1891-1943
Programs, 1943-1972
57 Thomas Tengg testimonial banquet, 1943
58 General, 1956, 1972
59 Postcards
60 Periodicals
61 Tengg family
62 German-English School
63 General
64 Miscellaneous printed material
5 Books and pamphlets
Baudier, Rober. A Historical Sketch of the St. Louis Cathedral of New Orleans. New Orleans, 1946.
Ceremony of Consecration of His Excellency the Most Reverend Adolph Marx, D.D., J.C.D. New York: Ryan-West Banknote Co., 1956.
Geissler, Rudolf. Aus dem Kinderleben. Stuttgart: Julius Hoffmann, undated.
Gibbons, James Cardinal. The Faith of Our Fathers. New York: P. J. Kenedy and Sons, c. 1917.
Green, Rena Maverick. Robert B. Green: A Personal Reminiscence. San Antonio, 1962.
Haas, Oscar. A Chronological History of the Singers of German Songs in Texas. New Braunfels, Texas: Oscar Haas, 1948.
Herders Haus Kalender für Zeit und Ewigkeit 1954. Freiburg: Verlag Herder, 1954.
Klemm, L. R. Abriss der Geschichte der Deutschen Literatur. New York: Henry Holt und Co., 1878.
Lawler, Ruth Curry. The Story of Castroville. 1957.
Pagenstecher, T. C. L. Deutsches Lefebuch. Cincinnati: Verlag von U. C. Wilde, 1859.
Parisot, P. F., O.M.I. The Reminiscences of a Texas Missionary. San Antonio: Johnson Bros. Printing Co., 1899.
Reffelt, Hermann. Deutsch-Englisches Liederbuch für Deutsche Schulen in den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. New York: Verlag von E. Steiger, 1873.
Reiser, Aug. Troubadour Sammlung Ausgewählter Chöre und Volkslieder für Sopran, Alt, Tenor und Bass. Köln: P.J. Tonger’s Verlag, 1870.
Schütze’s Jahrbuch fuer Texas und Hermanns-Sohn Kalender für 1927. San Antonio: Albert Schütze, 1927.
Southwest Texas Business and Professional Directory, second edition. San Antonio: Southwest Publications, 1941.
Vos, B. J. A First German Reader. New York: Henry Hold and Co., 1933.
The Words of Jesus. Chicago: Consolidated Book Publishers, Inc., 1943.


Series 6: Photographs

The photographs in this series provide an extensive visual record of the Tengg family, related families, the family business, other individuals, and some San Antonio organizations and institutions. Notable are photographs of the Nicolas Tengg family and the family home, Julius Tengg and his family, various buildings which housed the Tengg business, and group photographs of early San Antonio school classes and social groups, including the Belknap Rifles.
Box Folder
6 65 Charles W. Anderson, 2 prints, 1944
66 Julius Berends, 1 print
67 Alice Black, 1 print
68 Casino singing and social group, 1 print, circa 1887
69 Casino theater group, 1 print, 1 negative, circa 1868
70 Deussen family, 3 prints, 1914, undated
Includes Jake Brock, Marjorie Hannah Brock, Rena Deussen Brock, Carl Deussen, and Florine Deussen.
71 Dosch and Rische Saloon, 1 print
72 Louise Nelder Leitner, 3 prints
73 Magruder School, 1 print, 1 negative, 1892
74 Fred Maurer, 6 prints
75 Maurer family, 8 prints
Includes Adam Maurer, Clotilde Maurer, and Johanna Deussen Maurer.
76 Emma Giraud Michel, 1 print
77 Nordhaus family, 2 prints
Includes Clotilda Nordhaus.
78 Agnes J. Rait, 1 print
79 St. Mary’s College, class photos, 2 prints
Includes Carl and Louis Tengg.
80 San Antonio, aerial views, 2 prints
81 San Antonio flood, 25 prints, 1921
82 San Antonio Post Office, 1 print
83 Lorine Tengg Shepherd, 5 prints
Includes Lee R. Shepherd.
84 Anna Tengg, 1 print, 1877
85 Anna Deussen Tengg, 1 print
86 Edward Tengg, 1 print
87 Julius Tengg, 19 prints, 1877-1964
Also includes Deborah Ann Noble and Anna Deussen Tengg.
88 Julius Tengg, portrait proofs, 2 prints
89 Julius Tengg, 6 negatives
90 Julius Tengg family, 14 prints, 1900-1958
Includes Earl Dunning, George Rutledge Dunning, Lynn Dunning, Erin McGowan, Carl Pollard, Bette Tengg, Carl Tengg, Else Tengg, Lenora Lloyd Tengg, Lorine Tengg, Louis Tengg, and Shelby Green Tengg.
91 Julius Tengg residence, 3 prints
92 Louis Tengg, 5 prints
Also includes Shelby Green Tengg.
93 Nicolas Tengg, 3 prints, 1876, undated
Also includes Alex Kuhn, Rudolf Menger, and Aug. Nette, Jr.
94 Nicolas Tengg family and residence, 3 prints, 3 negatives, circa 1883-1884
95 Nic Tengg store, 8 prints, 1873-1886
96 Nic Tengg store, family, and employees, 2 prints, 2 copy prints, 6 negatives, 1940, undated
Includes Eulalio G. Cervantes, Lena Heinrich, Richard Madison, Julius Tengg, Nicolas Tengg, and Thomas Tengg.
97 Nicolas Tengg, Jr., 6 prints, 4 negatives
Box Folder
7 98 Thomas and Eva Meier Tengg, 2 prints
99 Thomas Tengg (brother of Nicholas Tengg, Sr.), 2 prints
100 Thomas Tengg (son of Nicolas Tengg, Sr.), 3 prints
Also includes Ferdinand Herff, Al Richey, and Emil Zipp.
101 Tengg and related families, 23 prints, 2 negatives, 1929-1960
Includes Margaret Lee Perry, Flora Tengg, Julius Tengg, Nicolas Tengg, Jr., Thomas Tengg, William Tengg, Emil Zipp, and Mary Tengg Zipp.
102 Tengg family cemetery plot, 3 prints
103 A. Zilian’s Barber and Bathing Establishment, 1 print
104 Zork/Duerler building, 1 print
105 Miscellaneous photographs, 14 prints
106 Unidentified people, 7 prints, 1 copy print
107 Unidentified people, 9 negatives
108 Photo album, 1900


Series 7: Oversize material

The Oversize Material series gathers items in a variety of forms and includes photographs, genealogical information, newspapers, clippings, and other printed material. Artifacts are included with oversize material and include miscellaneous personal items.
Oversize 8 Photographs
Belknap Rifles, 8 prints, 1885-1909
Includes John B. Cresson, Ed W. Richardson, and Julius Tengg.
Merry Maids Musical Club, 1 print, 1912
Tengg family, 3 prints, 1891, circa 1942
Plat: City Cemetery No. 1
Genealogical material: Deussen family and Thomas Tengg headstone rubbing
Clippings: Belknap Rifles and general
Oversize 9 Scrapbook: Julius and Anna Tengg, 50th and 60th wedding anniversaries, 1941, 1951
Oversize 10 Artifacts
Locks of hair: Else and Louis Tengg
Card holder
Eyeglasses and case
Pocket watch
Decorative weaving
Religious image
Metal box
Portfolio cover
Cloth bag, First National Bank
Fez, El Bexar 181, D.O.K.K.
Unidentified items