A Guide to the Hiram B. Yeager Letters, 1846-1862
Hiram B. Yeager was born in Pottstown, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, around 1818. Previously working as a hatter, Yeager enlisted in the army at the onset of the Mexican War, joining Company A of the Corps of Engineers in Philadelphia on 1846 August 2. He and his unit trained at the United States Military Academy at West Point during the summer months of 1846; Company A later participated in the American landing at Vera Cruz, Mexico, and accompanied Winfield Scott’s column on its march to Mexico City. Yeager received an appointment as an officer in the Third Regiment of Dragoons in 1848 March. He was honorably discharged with his unit on 1848 July 31 at Jefferson Barracks, a post near St. Louis, Missouri.
Yeager served in militia companies in Pennsylvania after the Mexican War. By 1861, he was also employed as a clerk. During the Civil War, Yeager re-enlisted in the army, serving as a Captain in the 20th Pennsylvania Volunteers (1861 April 26-1861 August 6), a Second Lieutenant in the 99th Pennsylvania Volunteers (1862 January 18-1862 April 2), and a captain in the 68th Pennsylvania Volunteers (1862 September 2-1863 January 7). Yeager’s widow, Fannie, filed a pension application in 1864 December; combined with materials in the Hiram B. Yeager papers, this information indicates that his death occurred in late 1863 or in 1864.
Heitman, Francis B. Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, From Its Organization, September 29, 1789, to March 2, 1903. 2 volumes. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1903.
Hiram B. Yeager Letters, 1846-1862, Doc 11275, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.
Hiram B. Yeager Papers, 1846-1888, Col 925, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.
National Archives and Records Administration. Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934 [database on-line]. Provo, Utah, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000.
National Archives and Records Administration. Register of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914 [database on-line]. Provo, Utah, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000.
Winders, Richard Bruce. “The Mexican War Letters of Hiram B. Yeager.” Mexican War Journal 11:1-2 (Winter-Spring 2001): 22-29.
The collection contains eight letters by Hiram B. Yeager: six written to his brother John C. Yeager during the Mexican War and two written to his wife Fannie during the Civil War. The Mexican War letters include descriptions of the country and its inhabitants, beginning in the Rio Grande valley of Texas and continuing to Matamoras, Reynosa, Camargo, Tampico, Veracruz, and Mexico City. He describes the construction of fortifications, the battle at Veracruz in 1847, and his appointment as an officer of the Third Dragoons. Two Civil War letters describe general camp activities.
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[Identification of item], Hiram B. Yeager Letters, 1846-1862, Doc 11275, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.
Purchased from Joe Odziana with funds from the Lavinia Griffith Memorial Fund, 2001 February.
Processed by Warren Stricker, 2001 February.
Finding aid edited and encoded by Caitlin Donnelly, 2011 June.
Detailed Description of the Collection