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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Collection Summary

Administrative History

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Separated Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Organizational Records, 1976-1977

Other Organizations, 1979-1981

Legislative and Court Documents, 1969-1981

Desegregation Plans, 1976-1981

Reports, 1976-1981

Newspaper Clippings, 1976-1983

Austin History Center

Austin Alliance for Smooth Transition Records

An Inventory of the Collection



Collection Summary

Creator: Austin Alliance for Smooth Transition
Title: Austin Alliance for Smooth Transition Records
Dates: 1969-1983
Dates (Bulk): 1976-1981
Abstract: The Austin Alliance for Smooth Transition (AAST) was organized in 1976 by a group of concerned individual and organizations to discuss how Austin, Texas could prevent the impending desegregation order from being the divisive and disruptive issue that it had been in other cities. The majority of the collection, which is dated 1969 to 1981, consists of materials gathered by AAST for their "resource bank." Also included are a small amount of organizational records and information about other local organization concerned with the desegregation process.
Accession number: AR.V.003
Quantity: 1 linear foot (3 boxes)
Location: Archives stacks
Language: English
Repository: Austin History Center, Austin Public Library,
810 Guadalupe, PO Box 2287, Austin, TX 78768

Administrative History

The Austin Alliance for Smooth Transition (AAST) was organized in 1976, at the urging of the League of Women Voters of Austin, as a group of concerned individual and organizations to discuss how Austin, Texas could prevent the impending desegregation order from being the divisive and disruptive issue that it had been in other cities. AAST believed that public understanding and acceptance of a complex and difficult issue could be best fostered through timely and accurate information. The original principal activities were listed as: make accurate information available; generate resources from community groups to assist desegregation; encourage voluntary participation of interested citizens, parents, and students; provide a Speakers Bureau for groups who request information; coordinate activities of groups in the desegregation field; involve students in get-acquainted programs for new students; research and develop Fact Sheets on desegregation topics; and provide training workshops for facilitators. The first meeting was held on June 15, 1976 and was attended by over 40 members and more than 15 community groups. The group decided to have three co-presidents; one African American, one Mexican American and one Caucasian. By January 1977 the organization reported a "tri-ethnic membership of some 150 individuals and representative of organizations...." AAST received funding from a Emergency School Assistance Act (ESAA) in 1977 and again in 1979.

The organization published a newsletter that was distributed periodically at first, and then monthly, which provided information on the desegregation plan as it developed. Included were reports about the various court appeals by AISD; dates for community meetings regarding desegregation and busing; essays on topics related to desegregation; a "We Want to Know" section that logistical questions from parents; and information about the activities AAST was involved with such as film festivals and speeches with accompanying slide shows. Once the desegregation plan was implemented the newsletter provided updates and evaluations about how the transition was proceeding and the projects and programming that was available to assist students in the transition such as bus safety courses, tutoring and counseling programs. They also created a "resource bank" in their office space at the University Presbyterian Church with published reports, videos, AISD school data, newspaper clippings and information from other communities which have been involved in school desegregation

The organization was originally housed at the University Presbyterian Church but moved to the Congregational Church of Christ in 1981. In August of 1982 AAST dissolved as an organization.

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Scope and Contents

The majority of the collection consists of materials gathered by the Austin Alliance for Smooth Transition (AAST) for their "resource bank" and includes legislative and court records, reports and studies, desegregation plans and newspaper clippings dating from 1969 to 1981. Also included are a small amount of organizational records and information about other local organization concerned with the desegregation process dated from the same time period.

The Organizational Records (1976-1977) include activity reports from one of the first meetings and includes the proposed purpose and organization statement where the name was changed from Austin Tri-Ethnic Alliance to Austin Alliance for a Smooth Transition (although later is was apparently changed to Austin Alliance for Smooth Transition). Also included is summary narrative of the AAST activities from June 1976 to January 1977.

The Other Organizations series (1979-1981) contains materials documenting Austin Independent School District's (AISD) efforts to keep parents and the community informed of changes resulting from the desegregation order, especially questions and concerns regarding busing to schools. Included are materials from the AISD Desegregation Communications Center including the results from a parent participation at schools survey; meeting minutes and recommendations of the AISD Parents Task Force for Desegregation; and meeting minutes, notes, and correspondence of the AISD Task Force for Community Groups and Citizens including policies and reactions from Austin's religious community.

The Legislative and Court Records (1969-1981) series is made up of materials gathered by AAST for their "resource bank" and could be checked out by community members. Included are a list of selected Texas education laws pertaining to segregation; copies of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit United States of America, and Dedra Estell Overton, et all. versus Texas Education Agency (Austin Independent School District) 1976 and 1977 appeals; copies of the United State District Court, Western District of Texas, Austin Division 1979 and 1980 Memorandum Opinion and Order and 1979 Implementation Order and Consent Decree; an Amicus Brief by Albert Alschuler regarding the de jure segregation of Mexican American students; an AISD 1981 report filed with the Federal District as required by the Consent Decree; and a list of education related legislation from the Texas Legislature 67th Session (1981) including legislation concerning bilingual education.

Also included in the AAST "resource bank" were copies of a variety of desegregation plans, reports related to segregation and newspaper clipping. This Desegregation Plans series (1976-1981) includes plans devised by the Austin Independent School District in response to the federal court order as well as plans suggested by the community. Community plans include a plan submitted by the NAACP, David Mahler and Robert Jacobson. Included in all these plans are specifics as to the ethnic makeup of all the schools and the numbers of students that will be shifted throughout the district. The Reports series (1976-1983) contains four papers written about desegregation both on a national level, as well as writings concerning segregation and desegregation in Austin, Texas specifically. Of interest are A Proportional Distribution of Ethnic Households in Austin, Texas Based on Housing Values by John Henneberger and the results of an AISD parent questionnaire that surveyed parents' attitudes regarding the 1980-1981 desegregation plan and its effects on families, children's attitudes toward school, and parent-teacher relationships. And lastly, the Newspaper Clippings series (1976-1983) consists of Austin American Statesman articles about the desegregation process in Austin. The 1976-1978 clippings files document the AISD school board (Board of Trustees) activities during the desegregation order appeals process. Also included are clippings files mostly dated after the court cases were resolved that are organized by subject related to the desegregation order such as busing, bilingual education, community response both pro and con, funding, legal problems, student concerns, and student testing.

Additional "resource bank" materials were separated to the AHC General Collection and Periodicals - see Separated Materials section below for details.

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Arrangement

Arranged into 6 series:


  • Organizational Records
  • Other Organizations
  • Legislative and Court Documents
  • Desegregation Plans
  • Reports
  • Newspaper Clippings

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Open to all users

Use Restrictions

The Austin History Center (AHC) is the owner of the physical materials in the AHC collections and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the AHC before any publication use. The AHC does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners. Consult repository for more details.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Organizations)
Austin Alliance for Smooth Transition.
Austin Independent School District.
Austin Independent School District. Board of Trustees.
AISD Parents Task Force for Desegregation.
AISD Task Force for Community Groups and Citizens.
Subjects
School integration--Texas--History--20th century.
Public schools--Texas--Austin.
Education--Texas--Austin.
Desegregation.
Race discrimination--Social aspects--Texas--Austin.
African Americans--Civil rights--Texas--History--20th century.
Mexican Americans--Civil rights--Texas--History--20th century.
Places
Austin (Tex.)--Politics and government.
Austin (Tex.)--Race relations.
Document Types
Bylaws.
Clippings.
Correspondence.
Fliers.
Legal documents.
Membership lists.
Reports.
Writings.

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Related Material

Below are few selected materials regarding school integration in Austin; for a more in-depth list please see the Segregation Bibliography on our website.

General Collections


  • A 370.19342 LE League of Women Voters of Austin, Texas, Austin, School Desegregation 1954-1970. 1970.
  • A 379.2630976 WI Wilson, Anna Victoria, Oh, Do I Remember!: Experiences of Teachers During the Desegregation of Austin's Schools, 1964-1971. 2001.
  • A 370.19342 DA Davis, Will, History of Desegregation Lawsuit in Austin: A Statement. 1979.
  • A 370.19342 AU Austin Independent School District, Report on the Status of Integration in Austin ISD. 1981.

Archives & Manuscripts


Austin Files


  • AF Subject - Segregation - Austin Alliance for a Smooth Transition S1700 (15)
  • AF Subject - Segregation - General S1700
  • AF Subject - Public Schools - Desegregation Communications Center P8200 (77)

Periodicals


  • Austin Alliance for Smooth Transition Newsletter
  • Austin Update on Desegregation

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Separated Material

General Collection


  • A 371.61 AU Austin Independent School District, Report of Student Assignment Review Committee. 1981.
  • A 371.144 HO 1977 Holley, Freda Mechlin Brooks, Evaluating Teaching Competence: An Overview of the Literature. 1977.
  • A 371.262 AU 1980 Austin Independent School District. Office of Research and Evaluation, Summary of Spring, 1980 Texas Assessment of Basic Skills Results for AISD. 1980.
  • A 370.19342 KN Knisely, Colette Rose, The Influence of Federal, State, and Local Policies on School Desegregation in the Austin, Texas Independent School District. 1978.
  • A 379.2630976 RO Robinson, Andrew Adolphus, Desegregation Plan for the Austin Independent School District, Austin, Texas. 1979.
  • A 370.19342 UN United States, United States of America, Plaintiff, Dedra Estell Overton, Et. Al., Plaintiffs-intervenors, V. Texas Education Agency, Et. Al., (Austin Independent School District), Defendants: Post-trial Brief of the United States. 1979.
  • A 370.19342 RO 1979 Roos, Peter D., Dedra Estell Overton, Et. Al. Versus Texas Education Agency (Austin Independent School District), Et. Al: Post-trial Statement by the Mexican American Intervenors. 1979.
  • A 370.19342 AU Austin Independent School District. Special Task Force, Desegregation Plan: Working Draft. 1976.
  • A 711 G932 Gubbels, Jac L., A Report of School Site Selections: Prepared for the Board of Trustees, Austin Public Schools, Austin, Travis County, Texas. 1947.

Periodicals


  • AISD Messenger - scattered issues from 1981-1982
  • AISD ADMinformation - scattered issues from 1980-1982
  • AISD Austin Update on Desegregation - scattered issues from 1980-1981

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Austin Alliance for Smooth Transition Records (AR.V.003). Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Donor #: DO/1979/101

Donation Date: circa 1983

Processing Information

Collection processed and finding aid encoded by Molly Hults in 2018. Original order maintained, some folder heading were edited for clarity.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Organizational Records, 1976-1977

Box Folder
1 1 Meeting notes and summary narrative, circa 1976-1977

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Other Organizations, 1979-1981

Box Folder
1 2 AISD Desegregation Communications Center, 1980, undated
3 AISD Parents Task Force for Desegregation, 1979-1981
4 AISD Task Force for Community Groups and Citizens, 1979-1980, undated

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Legislative and Court Documents, 1969-1981

The majority of the materials in this series are court records for the United States of America, Plaintiff, and Dedra Estell Overton, et al., Plaintiffs-Intervenors versus Texas Education Agency (Austin Independent School District), Defendants Civil Action that is abbreviated as Overton vs. AISD below.
Box Folder
1 5 Selected state education laws, 1969
6 United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit: Overton vs. AISD Appeals, 1976 May 13 and 1977 November 21
7 United State District Court, Western District of Texas, Austin Division; Overton vs. AISD Memorandum Opinion and Order, 1979 November 5
8 United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit: Overton vs. AISD Implementation Order, 1979 November 26
9 United State District Court, Western District of Texas, Austin Division; Overton vs. AISD Consent Decree, 1979 December
10 United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit: Overton vs. AISD Brief of Albert W. Alschuler as Amicus Curiae, circa 1970s
11 United State District Court, Western District of Texas, Austin Division; Overton vs. AISD Consent Decree and Memorandum Opinion and Order, 1979-1980
12 Austin Independent School District's January 15, 1981 Report to the United States District Court, 1981 January 15
13 Education related legislation - 67th Session, 1981
14 Bilingual education court order and legislation, 1981

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Desegregation Plans, 1976-1981

Box Folder
1 15 AISD Tentative Consolidated Desegregation Plan, 1976
16 AISD desegregation plan - Plan A, 1979-1980
17 AISD desegregation plan - Plan B, 1979
18 AISD Tentative Desegregation Plan 1 (Revised) and Plan 2 (Revised), 1979 December 6
19 NAACP Desegregation Plan for the Austin Independent School District, 1979 July 8
20 "A Study of Integration in Austin, Texas Part I: Analysis of Elementary School Ethnic Data", 1977
21 Desegregation plans (other than AISD), circa 1970s

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Reports, 1976-1981

Box Folder
2 1 The Currie Papers "Papers Concerned with Mexican Americans in Austin and Travis County, Texas, and States of the U.S. Southwest", 1976
2 "The Effects of School Desegregation and Other Factors on "White Flight" From an Urban Area", circa 1979
3 "A Proportional Distribution of Ethnic Households in Austin, Texas Based on Housing Values", 1979
4 Transportation/Transfer Policy, 1981, undated

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Newspaper Clippings, 1976-1983

Box Folder
2 5-7 Clippings, 1976-1978
8 Action for neighborhood schools, 1980
9 Austin American-Statesman Desegregation Series, 1981
10 Anderson-Johnston, circa 1979-1980
11 Anti-Busing response, 1976
12 Austin Alliance for Smooth Transition, 1976-1980
13 Austin Independent School District budget, 1981-1983
14 Austin Independent School District desegregation, 1981-1982
15 Austin Independent School District enrollment, 1981-1982
16 Austin Independent School District legal matters, 1981-1982
17 Bilingual education, 1981
18 Bilingual education, AISD, 1982
19 Busing avoidance, 1980
20 Busing - general safety, 1976
21 Busing foes, 1980-1981
22 Community response - con, 1979-1980
23 Community response - pro, 1979-1980
24 Community response, 1980-1981
25 Desegregation letters to the editor - negative, circa 1980-1981
26 Desegregation letters to the editor - positive, 1980-1981
27 Desegregation plan - Austin, 1979-1980
28 Discipline, 1982
29 Editorial comment, 1979-1980
30 Elementary, circa 1981-1982
31 Federal busing funds, 1981
32 Fifth Circuit Court, 1979-1980
33 Forming the Future, 1982
34 Funds for desegregation (AISD vs. Texas), 1981
35 Grades policy, 1981-1982
36 High schools, 1981-1982
37 Implementation, 1980-1981
Box Folder
3 1 Implementation of desegregation plan - AISD, 1979-1980
2 Legal problems, 1980
3 Letters to editor - Con, 1979-1980
4 Letters to editor - Pro, 1979-1980
5 Magnet schools, 1982
6 Public hearings, 1976
7 School opening, 1980
8 Student concerns, 1979
9 Student testing, 1981
10 Supreme Court, December, 1976
11 Tests - Austin Independent School District, 1980-1981
12 Transfer policy, 1981-1982
13 Tri-Ethnic Committee - court appointed, 1976
14 U.S. Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, May, 1976
15 U.S. District Court remedy hearing, July, 1979

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