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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Collection Summary

Administrative History

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Anderson High School Papers, 1933-1989

Austin History Center

Anderson High School Papers

An Inventory of the Collection



Collection Summary

Creator: Anderson High School
Title: Anderson High School Papers
Dates: 1933-1989
Dates (Bulk): 1950-1970
Abstract: The Anderson High School Papers contain administrative records, school publications, and photographs related to the school life and administration of Anderson High School, Austin, Texas' high school for African American students.
Accession Number: AR.K.005
Quantity: .4 linear feet (1 box)
Location: Archives Stacks, Outer Vault
Language: English
Repository: Austin History Center, Austin Public Library,
810 Guadalupe, PO Box 2287, Austin, TX 78768

Administrative History

A high school for African American students was organized in Austin, Texas as a part of the Robertson Hill School in 1889. Professor Hightower Theodore (H.T.) Kealing (the namesake of Kealing Junior High School) served as the first principal. In 1896, Professor Laurine Cecil (L.C.) Anderson, former principal of Prairie View Normal and Industrial College (now Prairie View A&M University) took over as principal and remained until 1928. In 1907, the high school moved into its own building on Olive Street and in 1909 was renamed after Principal Anderson's brother, Professor Earnest H. (E.H.) Anderson, himself a prominent educator.

In 1913, Anderson High School moved into a larger location on 1607 Pennsylvania Avenue where it remained for 40 years. After L.C. Anderson passed away in January of 1938, Anderson High School was renamed to honor him. In 1953, L.C. Anderson High School opened at a new facility on Thompson Street, with the old Pennsylvania Avenue location becoming the new location for Kealing Junior High School. Both schools were ordered closed in 1971 by a federal judge because they were found to be still racially segregated years after the landmark ruling of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas.

The closing of Anderson High School saddened former students and community members who felt that the school was an integral part of the East Austin African American community. In 1973, the Austin Independent School District (AISD) built a new high school campus in Northwest Austin, naming the school L. C. Anderson High School in honor of the original high school's legacy. After the 1607 Pennsylvania Avenue building burned down in an arson fire in 1984 a new version of Kealing Junior High was built in 1987. Today the former East Austin locations of the high school that are still standing are often referred to as the "Original L. C. Anderson High School."

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Scope and Contents

The Anderson High School Papers largely date from 1960 to 1970, the last decade the original school was open. The papers contain school publications, administrative documents, event programs, memorandums, and organizational meeting notes related to the day to day operations of the school as well as the participation of parents and students. In addition to this there is also documentation related to an exhibit hosted at the Carver Museum in 1989 that featured items in this collection.

The photographs date from the 1950s to the 1960s and document the day-to-day activities of Anderson High School students, teachers, and staff. A majority of the photographs are candid classroom shots, though there are also school yearbook portraits and documentation of extracurricular activities such as dance and football. Several of the photographic prints contain written documentation on the back of names and dates, as well as if it exists as a negative in the collection. Of the 422 photographs, nearly half are black-and-white negatives which contain an assortment of subject matter: football, basketball, dance, classroom, assembly, choir, library, and cafeteria staff.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Open to all users

Use Restrictions

The Austin History Center (AHC) is the owner of the physical materials in the AHC collections and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the AHC before any publication use. The AHC does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners. Consult repository for more details.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Anderson, Earnest H. (E.H).
Anderson, L. C. (Laurine Cecil), 1853-1938.
Kealing, Hightower Theodore (H.T).
Pigford, William.
Subjects (Organizations)
Austin Independent School District (Tex.).
Kealing Junior High School (Austin, Tex.).
Anderson High School (Austin, Tex.).
Anderson High School Parent-Teacher Association.
Subjects
African Americans--Texas--Austin.
African Americans--Education--Texas--Austin.
Public schools--Texas--Austin.
Segregation--Texas--Austin.
School integration--Texas--Austin.
Places
East Austin (Austin, Tex.).
Austin (Tex.)--Social conditions.
Document Types
Administrative reports.
Brochures.
Clippings.
Correspondence.
Fliers.
Memorandums.
Black-and-white photographs.
Color photographs.
Black-and-white negatives.
Programs.

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Related Material

Austin Files


  • AF Public High Schools - Anderson(Old) General, pre-1949 and undated P8620 (G)
  • AF Public High Schools - Anderson(Old) General, 1950-1959 P8620 (G)
  • AF Public High Schools - Anderson(Old) General, 1960-1969 P8620 (G)
  • AF Public High Schools - Anderson(Old) General, 1970-1979 P8620 (G)
  • AF Public High Schools - Anderson(Old) General, 1980-1989 P8620 (G)
  • AF Public High Schools - Anderson(Old) Reunions, P8620(1)
  • AF Public High Schools - Anderson(Old) Organizations, P8620 (2)
  • AF Public High Schools - Anderson(Old) Athletics, P8620 (3)
  • AF Public High Schools - Anderson(Old) Anderson High School Yellow Jacket Band, P8620 (4)
  • AF Public Schools - Junior High - Kealing P8800 (5)

Archives and Manuscripts


  • AR.J.014 Kealing Junior High School Papers
  • AR.2007.012 Florence Hawkins Temple Original L.C. Anderson High School Reunion Papers
  • AR.2011.043 Lucile Edna Frazier L.C Anderson High School Photograph Collection
  • AR.2014.022 Woods and Griffin Family Papers
  • AR.2015.017 Friendly R. Rice Photograph Album

General Collection


  • A 373.76431 FI First Original L.C. Anderson Alumni Association All-School Reunion 1907-1971, June 28-30, 1991, Austin, Texas
  • A 373.76431 AL The History And Memory Of Old Anderson High School: 1907-1970
  • A 373.05 YE The Yellow Jacket (Anderson High School yearbook)

Periodicals Collection


  • The Yellow Jacket (student newspaper)

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Administrative Information

Custodial History

These items were donated to the Austin History Center between March 1971 and August 1974 by Opal Holden, the Assistant Supervisor of the Austin Independent School District Libraries upon the closure of Anderson High School.

Preferred Citation

Anderson High School Papers (AR.K.005). Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Donor #: DO/1960/024

Donation Date: March 1971

Processing Information

Final Processing and Finding Aid By: LaToya Devezin and Johnny Rovell, May, 2017.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Anderson High School Papers, 1933-1989

Box Folder
1 1 School publications, 1953-1960
2 School programs, 1948-1969
3 Anderson High School Parent Teacher Association, 1933, 1965-1967
4 Anderson High School Band, 1960-1966, undated
5 Anderson High School clubs, 1963-1967, undated
6 Administrative office, 1950-1970, undated
7 Exhibit Records, 1989
Photographs, 1950s-1960s
Box Folder
1 8 School portraits (#001-029, 230), 1954-1963
9 Class portraits (#184, 227), 1950s-1960s
10 Candid library photos (#030, 057-070, 231), 1950s-1960s
11 Candid classroom, assembly, and school dance photos (#46-48, 87-134, 138-143, 145-158, 160-161, 164-171, 174-183, 186-189, 191-200, 202-219, 221-222, 224-226, 229), 1950s-1960s
12 Men's sports (#039-045, 228), 1950s-1960s
13 Dance/drill team (#031-038), 1950s-1960s
14 Band, choir, theater (#071-086), 1959-1964
15 Buildings (#049-055), 1955, 1964
16 Candid non-school photos (#135-137, 144, 159, 162-163, 172-173, 185, 190, 201, 214-216, 220, 223), 1951-1957
Location ArchivesCollection
Outer Vault B&W Neg. Drawer Assorted negatives (#232-422), 1950s-1960s

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