Austin History Center

Kuykendall Family Photograph Collection

An Inventory of the Collection

Overview of the Collection

Creator: Kuykendall Family
Title: Kuykendall Family Photograph Collection
Inclusive Dates: 1860s-1940s
Abstract: The Kuykendall family traces its history in Texas to the mid 1800s. The family owned a ranch outside Buda, Texas. 642 photographs (loose and in albums) document the members of the Kuykendall family, their ranch, and polo games from about the 1860s through the 1940s.
Identification: AR.1994.032
Quantity: 1.76 linear feet (642 photographs)
Location: Archives stacks, Outer Vault
Language: The records are in English.
Repository: Austin History Center, Austin Public Library 810 Guadalupe, PO BOX 2287, Austin, TX 78768

Biographical Note

The Kuykendall family traces its history in Texas to the mid 1800s. The family ranch, known as 101 Ranch, was originally called the Robinson Ranch and was later renamed Rutherford Ranch. Located in Buda, Texas, it stretched from Onion Creek to the Blanco River. The 12,000-acre ranch was purchased in 1902 by Robert Gil Kuykendall and his wife Margaret Martha Moore Kuykendall.

Robert Gil Kuykendall was the son of Wylie Martin Kuykendall, a pioneer trail driver. His father was the grandson of Robert H. Kuykendall, one of Stephen F. Austin's 'Old Three Hundred' colonists. In late 1865 Gil's father Wylie went to work for Abel H. "Shanghai" and Jonathan E. Pierce in Matagorda County. There he married their sister Susan Pierce in 1869.

"Maggie," as she was called, was the daughter of Captain William Erastus Moore of Matagorda County, Texas and Mary C. Swift of Dewitt County, Texas. She lived in Indianola until her mother's death of consumption in 1878. In 1881 her father married his brother's widow, Kate A. Seaman, and moved to Ashby, Texas. There he opened a general store and ran the post office until his death in 1902.

Maggie met Gil in Ashby, Texas where they were married in 1890. There they had three children: Marion, Dorothy and Wylie Moore (known as Bill). Their son William Isaac ("Ike") was born in 1902 after they had moved to the ranch in Buda.

Gil and Maggie Kuykendall bought 12,000 acres of ranch last west of Buda in 1902. They built a new home on the north side of the ranch although a structure from 1854 was extant. The original structure was a one story house built with 18-inch thick stones that were cut by an Irish mason. The framed porch and second story were added later. The ranch was named the '101 Ranch', the name being a wedding present from Mr. Zack Miller, a family friend who was famous for his 101 Ranch, a Wild West Show, in Oklahoma. They managed 1,100 head of cattle on their ranch.

Just two years later, in 1904, Gil Kuykendall died of pneumonia. His wife Maggie decided to continue to run the ranch with the help of ranch foreman Joe Cruze. In 1917, after years of hardship, Maggie decided to sell her cattle, lease the ranch, and move to California. However the family missed ranch life in Texas and decided to return after just a few months. Maggie's Aunt Dora (Eudora Inez Moore) lived at the ranch and recorded their daily lives in a diary, now a part of the book Texas Tears and Texas Sunshine by Jo Ella Exley, Texas A&M Press 1985.

Gil and Maggie's eldest son Bill attended Stauton Military Academy in Stauton, Virginia. Bill worked as an oilfield roughneck in Refugio, Texas and while there he married Alice Hamlet. They returned to the ranch to raise their two sons, Marshall Early and Robert Gil. In the 1920s he had "rodeos" on the flat next to Ranch Road 967. He also loved to play polo and built a polo field on the ranch where the landing strip is located today. Later he became manager of the Woodlawn Polo Club in Austin. He also ran the Enfield Riding Academy for Miss Helen Hall. He and his wife also often traveled to polo events in Ohio and Mexico. In 1948 Bill and Alice built a home on Ranch Road 150 west of Kyle, Texas. Bill bought a ranch in Mexico in 1956 but returned to Texas before his death in 1976 and is buried in the Kyle Cemetery. His son Marshall, who studied at Southwest Texas State University and was in the Air Force, has written his family history for the Texas State History Archives Online and the New Handbook of Texas. He wrote a book entitled They Slept Upon Their Rifles about Kuykendall family history.

In 1935 the 101 Ranch was divided among Maggie Kuykendall's four children. The majority of the ranch was sold in the 1940s to Pat Rutherford, an oilman from Houston. Today part of the property is now owned by the City of Austin. Maggie is buried on the ranch in a mausoleum that was built in 1925. She was laid to rest in 1950 alongside her 9-year-old granddaughter Marion Hoskins who had died in 1936. Her daughter Marion Kuykendall Taylor was buried here in 1973. Dorothy Kuykendall Worth's ashes were spread when she passed away in 1986. The Cemetery received a Texas Historical Marker and was added to the Historic Texas Cemeteries in 2000.

Scope and Contents

249 loose photographs and three photo albums with 393 photographs document the members of the Kuykendall family from about the 1860s through the 1940s.

115 loose photographs and 134 photos attached to scrapbook pages consist of snapshots and portraits of family members and friends, including George Traxler Kuykendall, Gil Kuykendall, Isaac William "Ike" Kuykendall, Lamond Kuykendall, Maggie Kuykendall, Otto Knustsen Sr. and Jr., Jane De Crow, Tommy De Crow, John Hodges Jr., Dorothy Kuykendall Hoskins, Marion Hoskins, Lawrence Worth Hoskins, Dora Moore, Houghton Phillips, Susanna Idell Phillips, Winnie Arnett Phillips, Cordelia Catherine Rugeley, and Marion Kuykendall Taylor. Also depicted are the Kuykendall house; Onion Creek; horses, horse shows, polo games; a cattle sale in Matagorda County. Three of the scrapbook pages are 11x15" and depict family snapshots, their house, and horses. Other scrapbook pages are 10x13" and were from Bill Kuykendall. These pages primarily include photographs of polo games and clippings about polo games as well as rodeos on the Kuykendall Ranch. Mexican polo player General Jesus Jaime Quinones is in a few photographs. There is one negative of an unidentified baby on a porch swing.

Photo album #143 is an 11x14" black leather album containing 310 black and white photographs of the Kuykendall ranch in the 1920s. Snapshots include family and friends, the house, swimmers in Onion Creek, scenes in West Texas and Fort Davis, other travel scenes, and World War I era soldiers in training. Photo album #144 is a blue velvet album with "Maggie Moore Kuykendall" engraved in tin on the cover. This album contains 22 portrait cabinet cards of the Kuykendall and Pierce-Moore families of Indianola, Texas and Wharton in Matagorda county, Texas. Photo album #145 is a brown leather album containing 61 photographs, both tintypes and cartes-de-visite. Most of these images are unidentified portraits of the Pierce Family (related to Susan Pierce who married Gil Kuykendall) from New Bedford, Rhode Island.

Also in the collection is a souvenir program from a polo tournament in Shreveport, Louisiana.


Photographs were numbered in the order they were received. The disbound scrapbook/album pages were given item numbers like the loose photographs and individual photos on the pages have letter designations. The complete albums are listed following the loose photographs and album pages, and those are followed by the negative and the ephemeral item.


Restrictions on Access

Open to all users. Digital access copies of the photo albums are available. Original albums should not be handled for preservations purposes.

Restrictions on Use

The Austin History Center (AHC) is the owner of the physical materials in the AHC collections and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the AHC before any publication use. The AHC does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners. Consult repository for more details.

Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.
Family Names:
Kuykendall Family.
Buda (Tex.).
Fort Davis (Tex.).
Document Types:
Black and white photographs.
Cabinet photographs.
Photograph albums.

Related Material

Library Collection: Texas Tears and Texas Sunshine, 976.4 TE

General Collection: They Slept Upon Their Rifles: The Story of the Captain Robert H. Kuykendall Family in America and the Entry of the Family with the Anglo Settlement into Mexican Texas in Stephen F. Austin Colony in 1821, by Marshall Kuykendall, A 929.2 KU

Biography Files: Kuykendall, Bill, -1976.

Administrative Information

Custodial History

The loose photographs and Bill Kuykendall's scrapbook were donated by Bill Kuykendall's son, Marshall Kuykendall. The three family albums were donated anonymously.

Acquisition Information

Donor #: DO/1971/025

Donation Date: Multiple donations, 1983-1984

Processing Information

Initial inventory by Tim Wilder/1994. Processing by Katherine O'Brien/2005. Final processing and encoding by Nicole Davis/2014.

Alternative Form Available

Photo albums have been digitized for access and preservation. Disks with images are available in the Reading Room Digital Collections Box.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Photographs, 1860s-1940s

Box Folder
1 1-5 Loose photographs (#001-048, 050-064, 071-083, 086, 096-100, 113-115), ca. 1890s-1940s
Location ArchivesCollection
Outer Vault qAR box Album pages (#065-070), ca. 1920s-1940s
Box Folder
1 6-7 Album pages (Bill Kuykendall's scrapbook) (#084-085, 087-095, 101-112, 116-126), ca. 1920s-1940s
Location PhotoAlbum
Outer Vault #143 Black leather album, ca. 1910s-1920s
Do not handle album; use digital access disk instead.
#144 "Maggie Moore Kuykendall", ca. 1880s-1900s
Do not handle album; use digital access disk instead.
#145 Brown leather album, ca. 1860s-1900s
Do not handle album; use digital access disk instead.
B&W Negatives drawer Negative (#049), ca. 1930s-1940s
Box Folder
1 8 Souvenir program, 1936