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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview of the Collection

Administrative History

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Austin History Center

FAB-100 Records

An Inventory to the Collection



Overview of the Collection

Creator: Tu family
Title: FAB-100 Records
Dates: 1939-2010
Dates (Bulk): 1945-2006
Abstract: The FAB-100 was a group of 100 Chinese officers who served as interpreters in the United States during World War II. They assisted with training pilots and crew and served at various military bases, including the Bergstrom Air Force Base in Austin, Texas. This collection contains documents and digital photographs related to the history of the group, newspaper clippings from 1946 to 2006, as well as oral history interviews with members and their family.
Identification: AR.2013.033
Quantity: .20 linear feet (1 box)
Quantity 160 GB (1091 files)
Location: Archives Stacks, digital storage
Language: Majority of the collection is in English with some Chinese.
Repository: Austin History Center, Austin Public Library,
810 Guadalupe, PO Box 2287, Austin, TX 78768

Administrative History

The FAB (Foreign Affairs Bureau)-100 was a group of 100 young officers from China who were selected for a classified mission for the United States during World War II. The first group of 50 officers left Kunming, China on April 17, 1945 and made a difficult trip by way of India, Africa, and the Atlantic. This crew stationed at the Aviation Cadet Center in San Antonio, Texas. The second group of 50 officers left on June 19, 1945 and eventually landed at Minter Air Field in Bakersfield, California.

The officers worked as interpreters who translated for American instructors and Chinese Air Force cadets, working in classrooms, labs, and sometimes in the air at various major air bases in the south, Midwest and western states. Members of the FAB-100 who were stationed at the Bergstrom Army Air Field in Austin, Texas assisted with training pilots and their crew. Other projects included translating training manuals and dubbing Chinese into training films.

After the Japanese surrendered in 1945, the FAB-100 was disbanded and the officers were given the option of returning to China or staying in the United States. Fifty-six out of the one hundred chose to stay and continue their education, many of them receiving advanced degrees and obtaining jobs in various sectors. In July of 1945, President Truman awarded 22 of the members with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, although it took over forty years for many officers to receive their awards.

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Scope and Contents

This collection contains various paper and born-digital material related to the FAB-100 and its members. The history of the group is documented with 1996-2006 publications such as the FAB-100 Commemorative Album, the FAB-100 Story and Journey to the West. Newspaper clippings from 1946 to 2009 capture events such as the pilots’ graduation for over 500 Chinese officer at the Bergstrom Army Air Field in Austin, Texas, as well as the 2006 FAB-100 reunion and display unveiling held at the Austin-Bergstrom International Airport.

Digital material includes a digital version of the FAB-100 Commemorative Album CD-ROM, which was spearheaded by Duke Tu, Bill Lieu and S.L. Wang and first distributed in 1997. This album is comprised of over 200 bitmap, JPEG, PDF, and .doc files which includes a photo essay of the FAB-100 experience, biographical sketches, first-person narratives, photographs and FAB-100 reunions. The FAB-100-Army folder contains JPEG and Bitmap images of the FAB-100 service members in China and the United States, including the Bergstrom Air Force Base in Austin, Texas. There have been several FAB-100 Reunions spanning from 1992 to 2005 held in various locations such as Puerto Rico and cities in both the United States and China. JPEG, TIFF, PDF documentation of these reunions are in the FAB-100-Reunions digital storage folder. The FAB-100-videos digital storage folder comprises of MP4 and MPG video clips capturing oral histories with FAB-100 members and reunion events, with many of these recorded in Chinese.

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Arrangement

Arranged by material type.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Open to all users.

Restrictions on Use

The Austin History Center (AHC) is the owner of the physical materials in the AHC collections and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the AHC before any publication use. The AHC does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners. Consult repository for more details.

Physical Characteristics or Technical Requirements

Access to digital content is only available through a dedicated workstation in the Austin History Center Reading Room.

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Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.
Persons:
Ashcraft, Betsy.
Cheng, Tommy.
Chin, Robert.
Feng, C.L.
Hoffman, Beth Tu.
Hsu, Eugene.
Kuo, Larry.
Li, Yi-Sheng.
Pao-yung, Pao.
Sheng, Li Yi.
Sze, Tsung Wei.
Tan, Hai C.
Tso, Joe.
Tu, Duke.
Tu, Larry.
Wang, S.L.
Wu, Eugene W.
Yee, John.
Zu-yan, Mei.
Organizations:
Bergstrom-Austin Community Council.
Austin Asian American Cultural Center.
Places:
Austin (Tex.)--Social conditions.
Bergstrom Airforce Base (Tex.).
Bakersfield (Ca.).
Kunming, China.
Menlo Park (Ca.).
San Antonio (Tex.).
Austin-Bergstrom International Airport.
Subjects:
Chinese Americans--Texas--Austin.
Military.
World War II.
World War, 1939-1945.
Veterans--Texas--Austin.
Asian Americas--Texas--Austin.
Foreign Affairs Bureau.
Document Types:
Textual materials.
Clippings.
Digital images.
Photographs.
Biography files.
Scrapbooks.
Digitized images.
DVDs.

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Related Material

AF Biography-Tu, Duke

AF Subject - Bergstrom Air Force Base - F.A.B. 100 (Foreign Affairs Bureau) B2580 (2)

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Administrative Information

Custodial History

Materials kept by members and descendants of the FAB-100 were collected and donated by the Tu Family to the Austin History Center on April 24, 2009, July 7, 2011 and October 10, 2013.

Preferred Citation

FAB-100 Records (AR.2013.033). Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Donor #: DO/2009/013

Donation Date: 2009 April 24; 2011 July 7; 2013 October 10

Processing Information

Final Processing and Finding Aid By/Date: Esther Chung Martin/April 2014

Digital file additions and EAD finding aid updated and encoded by Nikki Koehlert, October 2018

Born-digital and digitized content were received via compact discs.

File names were modified during processing to enable files to be exported from the disk image and to comply with Austin History Center file naming schema. A list of the original files names is available. The materials were processed in accordance with the AHC's digital processing guidelines including disk imaging, virus scan, and checksums. For more information, see the Born-digital Processing Manual.

Additional description and revisions encoded by Ayshea Khan, February, 2019.

Alternative Form Available

Copies of the electronic files of the video interviews are stored on the Oral History server - Recording Nos. 3179-3189.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Box Folder
1 1 The FAB-100 Story, 1996-2006
2 Clippings, 1946-2009
3 Digital files index, undated
Select photographs have been printed and added to AF Subject B2580 (2)
DigitalStorage Folder
Open AR_2013_033_001_files FAB-100-Album-and-supplements, 1997-2005
502 MB (409 files) ; (JPEG); (PDF); (DOC); (BMP); (WPD); born-digital; digitized
AR_2013_033_001_files FAB-100-Army, 1939-2008, undated
1.09 GB (287 files) ; (JPEG); born-digital; digitized
AR_2013_033_001_files FAB-100-Reunions, 1992-2005, undated
178 MB (367 files) ; (JPEG); (HTML); (TXT); (TIFF); (PDF); (PPT); born-digital; digitized
AR_2013_033_001_files FAB-100-Videos, 2008
158 GB (23 files) ; (MPEG); (MOV); (MP4); born-digital; digitized

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