Austin History Center

Camacho Family Papers, 1850-2005

An Inventory to the Collection

Collection Summary

Creator: Camacho family
Title: Camacho Family Papers
Dates: 1850-2005
Dates (Bulk): 1955-1996
Abstract: The Camacho Family Papers (1850 – 2005) contain printed material, correspondence, memorabilia and photographs collected by the Camacho family. The collection documents the family's history and their interests within the Austin community in local politics and political campaigns, Austin social issues and the Mexican-American community in Austin.
Accession number: AR.1997.004
Quantity: 5 linear feet (13 boxes)
Location: Archives Stacks, Artifacts, qAR
Language: English
Repository: Austin History Center, Austin Public Library,
810 Guadalupe, PO Box 2287, Austin, TX 78768

Biographical Note

Daniel and Lorraine Castro Camacho were well known and respected members of their East Austin (Texas) community. Both were active in politics and promoting equal education for all in Austin from the 1960s until the late 1990s.

Daniel Camacho was born in Waelder, TX on November 23, 1913 to parents Lorenzo L. Camacho and Emma Gomez. His family moved to Taylor, Texas in 1921. While living in Taylor he worked at the Speegle Bakery and the Imperial Bakery.

Lorraine Castro Camacho was born in Austin, Texas on August 21, 1917 to parents Frank Castro and Helen Fuentes. She is a descendent of Eulogio and Pilar Nave Luna, who settled in Austin in the late 1870’s. Lorraine Castro Camacho moved with her family to Taylor, Texas in 1927. She attended school there and was crowned Taylor’s 1935 Diez y Seis queen. Before her marriage she was employed at the Hub Tailor Company.

Daniel Camacho and Lorraine Castro Camacho were married in Taylor, Texas in 1940. They returned to Austin in 1950 where they raised their children Daniel Dwight (Danny), Dolores, Dolly and Darlene. Daniel Camacho was a union carpenter from the Local Carpenter Chapter 1266 and Lorraine Camacho worked for the Austin Independent School District (AISD) Food Service Department until her retirement in 1979.

Both Daniel and Lorraine Camacho firmly believed in social activism and the political process. They campaigned for Hispanic politicians such as Gonzalo Barrientos, Richard Moya and John Trevino. Mrs. Camacho was quoted in The Austin Light stressing the importance of voting: “All of my children have an education and we taught them all to vote – we don’t care how they vote, just so they vote.” (Vol. XI, No. 16)

Lorraine Camacho was most well known for her contributions to elementary education in East Austin. She was a member of the PTA beginning in 1949 and she and her husband were co-presidents of the Johnston High PTA from 1968-1970. Mrs. Camacho concentrated much of her energy toward improving the quality of education at the Metz Elementary School. Even after she retired from AISD Lorraine Camacho continued to volunteer at the school. She and her daughter Darlene Camacho Rosales helped in the promotion of the 1990 bond election to build a new Metz Elementary. Both were awarded the 1991 Austin Independent School District’s Volunteer of the Year award.

Additionally, Daniel and Lorraine Camacho were active in the effort to get the Holly Street Power Plant closed and motivate the community to do something about the increase in drugs and violence in the East Austin area. The Camachos opened up their home as a McGruff House to provide a temporary safe place for children in frightening or emergency situations. Mrs. Camacho was also involved in such Austin organizations as the East First Neighborhood Center Advisory Committee, Trustee of the Carpenters Ladies Auxiliary, Reading Is Fundamental, and Austin Salvation Army’s Home League.

In her later years Lorraine Camacho became known as “Grandma” Camacho. Her dedication to the East Austin community over the years awarded her many forms of recognition from the neighborhood, the school district, the City of Austin and the State of Texas. For example, Austin Mayor Bruce Todd proclaimed September 15, 1991 as Lorraine Castro Camacho Day to recognize her commitment to the Austin community.

Lorraine Camacho’s death on December 29, 1999 brought letters of condolences and admiration from many, including State Senator Gonzalo Barrientos and Congressman Lloyd Doggett. On September 16, 2000 the City of Austin opened the Lorraine “Grandma” Camacho Center, a computer center for low-income children, in her honor.

Daniel Camacho died on July 10, 2001 in Austin.

Scope and Contents

The Camacho Family Papers (1850 – 2005) contain printed material, correspondence, memorabilia and photographs collected by the Camacho family. The collection documents the family's history and their interests within the Austin community. The personal records of the Camacho family are limited, and include death records, financial records and printed material that highlight Lorraine Camacho’s volunteer work and the papers of her mother's brother's son Jacob Fuentes, Jr. Additionally, there are printed material related to the interests of the family, with the bulk with material pertaining to politicians and political campaigns. Notable examples are Gonzalo Barrientos, Glen Maxey, and John Trevino. Other record series deal with Austin Community/Social Issues and the Mexican-American Community in Austin. The Austin Community/Social Issues series includes the Holly Power Plant, Metz and Campbell Elementary Schools, and the Lorraine “Grandma” Camacho Activity Center. The Mexican-American Community series includes records on local businesses, the Diez y Seis de Septiembre Celebration, and the Mexican community’s early history.


Arranged into 2 series:
1. Camacho Family
2. Research Files
The Research Files series have been further arranged into 3 subseries:
1. Austin Community/Social Issues
2. Mexican-American Community in Austin
3. Politics and Politicians


Access Restrictions

Open to all users

Use Restrictions

The Austin History Center (AHC) is the owner of the physical materials in the AHC collections and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the AHC before any publication use. The AHC does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners. Consult repository for more details.

Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.
Barrientos, Gonzalo, 1941-.
Bradley, Gary.
Camacho, Lorraine, 1917-1999.
Camacho, Daniel C., 1913-2001.
Fuentes, Jacob Jr.
Maxey, Glen.
Treviño, John.
Yarborough, Ralph Webster, 1903-1996.
Metz Elementary School (Austin, Tex.).
Holly Street Power Plant (Austin, Tex.).
Lorraine "Grandma" Camacho Activity Center.
East Austin (Austin, Tex.)--Social conditions.
Austin (Tex.)--Ethnic relations--History.
Austin (Tex.)--Politics and government.
Parque Zaragoza.
Zaragosa Park.
Mexican Americans--Texas--Austin.
Mexican Americans--Education--Texas--Austin--History.
Minority business enterprises--Texas--Austin
Public schools--Texas--Austin.
Environmental justice.
Community development--Texas--Austin.
Document Types:
Printed material.

Related Material

Austin Files: AF Biography, Camacho, Lorraine

A 371.009 BL Black, Mary S. The History of Metz Elementary School, 1916-1995: 80 Years of Education for Mexican-American Children

A 371.009 BL Black, Mary S. The Battleground : the History of Metz Elementary School : Paper Prepared for the Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Social Science Association, New Orleans, LA, March 27, 1997

Administrative Information

Custodial History

Materials were assembled by Lorraine and Daniel C. Camacho and donated by their son Daniel (Danny) Dwight Camacho.

Preferred Citation

Camacho Family Papers (AR.1997.004). Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Donor #: DO/1992/067

Donation Date: Multiple donations between 1997 and 2005. Additional donation made in 2013.

Processing Information

Initial Inventory and Preliminary Processing By/Date: Craig Blaha and Rae Lynn Tipping/November 2007.

Final Processing and Finding Aid By/Date: Craig Blaha, Rae Lynn Tipping and Molly Hults in December 2008. Additions added by Rusty Heckaman in May 2013.

Detailed Description of the Collection

I. CAMACHO FAMILY, 1910-2001

Lorraine and Daniel Camocho, 1910-2001
Box Folder
1 1 Death Records, 1999-2001
2 Financial records , 1999-2001
3-4 Printed materials, 1918-2000
5 "Stories Alive" DVD,
Jacob Fuentes, Jr., 1921-1999
Box Folder
1 6 Correspondence, 1992-1996
7 Printed Material, 1921-1999
8 Photographs, undated

II. RESEARCH FILES, 1850-2005, undated

Austin Community/Social Issues, 1879-2005, undated
Austin locals, 1958-2000, undated
Box Folder
2 1 Adams, Michael , 1958-2000
2 Akins, Mattie Lee Watson and Elmer, son Charles, 1973-2000
3 Commer, Dr. B.E., 1979-1994
4 Spelce, Neal, 1966, 1992-1995
Businesses and City of Austin, 1968-1998
Box Folder
2 5-7 Bradley, Gary and Circle C, 1989-1996
Box Folder
3 1 Capital Metro, 1993-1997
2 East Austin Environmental Issues, 1968-1995
3 Electric Utility Department, 1995-1996
4-6 Holly Power Plant, 1990-1996
Committees and organizations, 1969-1996
Box Folder
4 1 Alcohol and Drug Free Zones, 1993-1995
2 Austin Employment Zone/Enterprise Community, 1994
3 East Austin Neighborhood Groups, 1971-1996
4 Human Opportunities Corporation of Austin and Travis County, 1968-1969
5 McGruff Safe House, 1994-1995
6 Mental Health Association Austin Area, 1994
7 Model Cities Program, 1969-1973
8 National Night Out, 1996
9 Neighborhood Conference Committee, 1993-1994
10 Neighborhood Development Committee, 1993-1994
11 Police/Crime, "Charlie" Sector East Austin, 1973, 1993-1996
12 Strategic Partnerships for Urban Revitalization, 1994
13 West Austin Lion's Clubs Community Service Directory, 1991-1992
History, 1870-1999, undated, bulk 1900
Box Folder
4 14 Flood of 1900, 1999
15 Guytown, 1900-1999, bulk 1900
16 Various Printed Material, 1870-1936, undated
Box Folder
Recreation, 1969-1996, undated
Box Folder
4 17 Austin Aqua Festival, 1969, 1973-1987
Location BoxItem
Artifacts 94/003 Aqua Fest pins, 1986, 1995
Box Folder
4 18 Austin Drama Festival, undated
19 City-wide Play Day, undated
20 Palm Pool, 1996
21 Parque Zaragoza, 1935-1996
Box Folder
Youth and education, 1872-2005, undated
Box Folder
5 1 AISD School Crime, 1993-1996
2 Austin Interfaith, 1993-1995
3 Austin Schools - Campbell and Metz Elementary, 1988-1992
4 Austin Schools - Early Schools, 1872-1969
5 Educating Students through Opportunity and Services, 1994
6-7 Lorraine "Grandma" Camacho Activity Center, 2000-2005
Box Folder
6 1 Metz Elementary PTA - General Ledger, 1958-1978
2-5 Metz Elementary PTA - Minutes Journal, 1921-1957
6-7 Metz Elementary PTA - Scrapbook, 1916-1969
Box Folder
7 1 Metz Recreation Center, 1988, undated
2 Opportunities for Youth, 1994
3-5 Reading is Fundamental of Austin , 1997-2001
6 Strategic Intervention for High Risk Youth, 1993-1995
Mexican-American Community in Austin, 1850-2003
Box Folder
Local businesses, 1931-1995, undated
Box Folder
8 1 The Backdoor, undated
2 Ben Garza Meat Market, 1933
3 El Gallo, 1995
4 Guajardo's Cash Grocery, 1950
5 Hernandez Cafe, 1995
6 El Lago, 1993, undated
7 Maldonado's Record Store, 1994, 1995
8 El Matamoros , undated
9 Mission Funeral Home, 1991, 1995, undated
10 El Rancho, undated
11 Santa Rita Courts , 1984
12 Segovia Tortilla Manufacturing, 1931
13 Tony's Grocery, undated
Box Folder
Hispanic Education, 1976-1996
Box Folder
8 14 AISD-at-risk, 1992-1996
15 Children's Advocacy Coalition , 1994-1995
16 English only debate, 1976-1996
17 Priority schools, 1993-1996
Box Folder
Hispanic Issues, 1973-2003, undated
Box Folder
8 18 Diez y Seis de Septiembre Celebration, 1873-1998
19 El Concilio Mexican-American Neighborhoods, 1991-1995
20 Hispanic Chamber of Commerce, 1983-1995
21 Hispanic Women's Network of Texas , 1993-1995
22 League of United Latin American Citizens, 1991-1995
23 Mexican-American Business and Professional Women's Association, 1989-1994
24 Mexican-American Cultural Center, 1996, undated
25 Mexican-American Music, 1928, 1990-1996
26 Mexican Consulate, 1992-1996
Box Folder
9 1 United East Austin Coalition , 1991-2003
2 Various, undated
Mexican-American Community History, 1854-1998, undated
Box Folder
Biography Files, 1972-1996, undated
Box Folder
9 3 Cantu, Oswaldo "A.B.", 1969, 1996, undated
4 Cotera, Marta, 1978, 1996, undated
5 Donley, Philip and Rosa, undated
6 Fernandez, Gavino, 1992
7 Fuentes, Toby Roland and son Javier Fuentes , 1947-1999
8 Galindo, Tommy, 1994
9 Gonzales, Carmen Riojas, 1993
10 Gutierrez, John David, 1988
11 Limon, Alexander, 1992, 1996
12 Lozano, Roy, 1994
13 Mendez, Consuelo Herrera, 1993
14 Mendez, Rudolfo, 1991, 1993
15 Mendez, Willie, 1978
16 Montejano, David, 1996
17 Munoz-Simon, Margarita, 1985-1995
18 Oyervides, Betty, 1972
19 Pacheco, Randy, 1993
20 Perez, Alicia, undated
21 Rodriguez, Martha Fuentes - Alma Tejana and Family, Hermalinda, 1962-1998
22 Romero, Marian, undated
23 Segura, Julius, 1974
24 Sifuentes, Leonor, undated
25 Various Obituaries, 1992-1999
Box Folder
10 1 Mexican-American Churches and Church Schools, 1872-1916
2 Mexican "Peons", 1854-1855
3 Mexican Schools , 1872-1916
4 Various printed materials , 1850-1998, bulk 1872-1928
Box Folder
Periodicals, 1946-1995, undated
Box Folder
10 5 The Callahan Expedition of 1855: Indians or Negroes?, undated
6 Noticias Newsletter, May 1993
7 El Organo, 1946, 1949
8 La Prensa, 1992-1995
9 Southwestern Historical Quarterly, undated
10 Various, undated
Politics and Politicians, 1936-2005
Box Folder
11 1 Alvarez, Raul, 2003-2004
2-5 Barrientos, Gonzalo, 1968-2005
6 Chavez, Cesar, 1991-1994
7 Clinton, Bill , undated
8 Currie, Lauren, undated
9 Delco, Wilhelmina, 1993-1995
10 De Leon, Marcos , undated
11 Dickey, James Lee, 1953-1999
12 Doggett, Lloyd, 1984-1996
13 Farenthold, Sissy, 1991, undated
14 Garcia, Gus, 1973-2002
15 Gill, Hubert, 1974, undated
Box Folder
12 1 Gomez, Margaret, 1980-1994
2 Gonzalez, Henry, 1986-1994
3 Guerrero, Arthur, 1969-1994
4 Long, Emma, 1953-1996
5 Maxey, Glen, 1986-1997
6 Moya, Richard, 1971-1979
7 Perkins, Bob, 1994, undated
8 Pickle, Jake, 1969-1995
9 Rodriguez, Eddie, 2002-2004
10 Ruiz, Danny, 1972
11 Snowden, Oscar, 1977
12 Todd, Bruce, undated
13 Tovar, Paul, undated
14 Trevino, John, 1973-1995, undated
15 Weddington, Sarah, undated
16 Yarborough, Ralph, 1936-1996
Box Folder
General Political Materials, 1982-1994, undated
Box Folder
13 1 Austin Democrat, 2002-2003
2 Hispanic Office Seekers, 1982-1994
Location BoxItem
qAR 17/42 Campaign poster-Ralph Yarborough, undated
3/01/10 Campaign poster-John Trevino, undated
Location BoxItem
Artifacts 94/02,04-08 Campaign buttons, bumper stickers and pins, undated