Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary

William Stuart Red collection, 1847-1936

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Red, William Stuart
Title: William Stuart Red collection
Dates: 1847-1936
Abstract William Stuart Red (1857-1933), a Presbyterian minister, author, and historian, was born in 1857* in Texas to parents who were among the first Presbyterians in the Republic of Texas. Four feet, two inches of research files comprised of correspondence, typewritten transcripts of newspaper articles, minutes, published material, drafts, record books, and handwritten notes (1847-1936), used in the completion of William Stuart Red’s A History of the Presbyterian Church in Texas, reveal Red’s research methods and processes.
Identification: 1996-072; 2007-009; 2010-006
Extent: Four feet and eight inches
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Austin Seminary Archives, Stitt Library, Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary.

Biographical note

William Stuart Red (1857-1933), a Presbyterian minister, author, and historian, was born in 1857* in Texas to parents who were among the first Presbyterians in the Republic of Texas. Red studied at Austin College, Princeton Theological Seminary, Austin School of Theology, and abroad in Germany and Scotland. Red served many churches in Texas, was chaplain of Texas A&M from 1892-1894, editor of the Texas Presbyterianfrom 1894 to 1897, and moderator of the Synod of Texas in 1902. Red was an advocate of historical preservation and theological education in Texas, and was instrumental in the foundation of what are now the Historical Foundation of the Reformed and Presbyterian Churches at Montreat, North Carolina, and the Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary in Austin, Texas.

Red retired from the pastorate in 1919 to focus his efforts on writing two historical books, The Texas Colonists and Religion (1924) and A History of the Presbyterian Church in Texas (1936). Red spent many years of his life gathering materials for the latter book, and at least the last ten years of his life writing it. Red died before he could complete the book and his widow and nephew, using his collected research material and manuscripts, completed the volume.

*Note: Some sources (including the Ministerial Directory of the Presbyterian Church, U.S., 1861-1941) list Red’s birth in 1860.

Scope and Content Note

Four feet, two inches of research files comprised of correspondence, typewritten transcripts of newspaper articles, minutes, published material, drafts, record books, and handwritten notes (1847-1936), used in the completion of William Stuart Red’s A History of the Presbyterian Church in Texas, reveal Red’s research methods and processes. The material is largely undated, and refers to early Presbyterians, Presbyterian schools and other Presbyterian institutions in Texas. Material is arranged in five series in accordance with the sections in Red’s history: Pioneer Days, The Synod and Presbyteries, Texas Presbyterians and Education, Pioneer Presbyterians, and a General file, respectively. The bulk of the material found in each series is typewritten transcripts of newspaper articles from the 1840s and 1850s, which is undated but was likely created and compiled in the 1920s and early 1930s. Also voluminous throughout the collection are solicited accounts of the lives of Presbyterian pioneers in Texas written in letters to Red by the pioneers’ family members. Additional research material includes notations from archival research in the Austin and Bexar collections, newspaper clippings, and early drafts of each chapter of the book.

Series I, Pioneer Days, reports upon the many difficulties early Presbyterians in Texas had in light of the influence of the Roman Catholic Church in the area. The material in Series II, The Synod and Presbyteries, records the formation of the structure of Presbyterian Church in Texas, including splits in the church. Section III, Texas Presbyterians and Education, is the most voluminous, and contains detailed files on the history and evolution of Texan Presbyterian educational institutions, in particular Austin College and the Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary. Series IV, pioneer Presbyterians, contains biographical sketches of more than 160 pioneer ministers and ministers’ wives, though only a fraction of these are included in Red’s history. The final series, General, is comprised primarily of Red’s “clippings” files, which contain various notations, typewritten transcripts of newspaper articles, and newspaper clippings relating to the history of Presbyterianism in Texas. This series also includes a folder of material relating to Red from Rev. Malcolm Purcell including a clipping, photograph, and some handwritten notes.

Materials in accession #2007-009 were originally held at the Montreat office of the Presbyterian Historical Society. They were transferred to the Austin Seminary Archives in 2007. Original folder titles and folder/subject groupings have been retained, but the order of folders has been changed from the order in which they arrived.

Materials in accession #2010-006 were found in a box of materials gathered from a 1992 inventory of the archives and added to the collection by the archivist in 2010.

Two copies of newspapers have been removed from the collection, from within the General series: The Gonzales Inquirer “Anniversary Edition,” Thursday July 19, 1923, Vol. 71, No. 5, and The Orphans Herald, January 1931, Vol. 22, No. 7. Other newspaper articles and clippings in the collection have been replaced with photocopies and discarded.


Access Restrictions

Materials are available by appointment only. Contact the archivist for details.

Index Terms

Personal Names
Red, William S. (William Stuart), 1857-1933.
Austin College (Sherman, Tex.)
Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary.
Presbyterian Church in the U.S.--Synod of Texas.
Presbyterian Church--Texas--History.
Presbyterian universities and colleges.

Related collections:

See also the Rizpah Bowers Red historical sketches at the Austin Seminary Archives.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

William Stuart Red collection, 1847-1936, Austin Seminary Archives, Stitt Library, Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I: Pioneer Days (Section 1), 1900-1933

C059 Early Pioneering—Section 1, undated
Early History of Texas, undated
History of Texas, sundry letters (1 of 2), 1919-1933
History of Texas, sundry letters (2 of 2), 1902-1904, undated
Missionary Work, undated
Indians, 1932
Mexican Work, 1930
Mexicans and Mexico, 1900-1930
Foreign Missions for Texas, undated
Domestic Missions, 1925-1927
Biographical data [ministers and churches], undated
D060 History of all local churches A-L:
A-B, 1902, 1925-1929, undated
C, 1909, 1932, undated
D (Dallas), 1914, 1928
E-L; unidentified, 1906, 1924, undated
G, 1923, 1935, undated
H, 1924-1929
C122 Drafts, undated:
Ch. 1-3
Ch. 4-6
Ch. 7-10
Research material:
Correspondence and notes, 1914-1936

Series II: The Synod and Presbyteries (Section 2), 1898-1928

C060 Section Two Originals, undated
Minutes of Synod of Texas (extracts) 1890-1894, undated
Minutes of Texas Presbytery/Synod (Cumberland), undated
Notations for history of Synod, undated
Presbyteries, 1898, 1907, undated
Presbyteries and Synods, 1914
The Synod and Presbyteries, undated
Minutes of Brazos Presbytery 1840-1857, undated
Presbytery of Western Texas/Brazos Presbytery, undated
Central Texas Presbytery, undated
Presbytery of Eastern Texas, 1928, undated
Presbytery of Western Texas, undated
C061 Texas Presbytery (New School), 1927-1928, undated
Presbyterian Historical Society, 1911, undated
Sunday School Union, undated
U.S. and U.S.A., 1922-1925, undated
Presbyterian Church U.S. and U.S.A. (in Texas), undated
C122 Drafts, undated:
Ch. 1 (2 folders)
Ch. 2-3
Ch. 4-5
Research Material:
Correspondence and notes 1930
Correspondence, 1929
Correspondence--Ch. 2, 1908

Series III: Texas Presbyterians and Education (Section 3), 1887-1933

C061 Early education in Texas:
1887, 1932, undated
T.P.C.1924, undated
Duplicates, section III duplicates,undated
Education, undated
Early schools, undated
Schools and Colleges—General, 1924-1925, undated
Presbyterian educational institutions/Exec. Comm. of Schools and Colleges,1915-1929
Early education in Texas—Austin College original, undated
C062 Austin College:
Austin College appendices, undated
Austin College data,1917, 1930, undated
Publicity materials, 1931
Loose material, 1924, 1932, undated
Austin College, Austin School of Theology, Texas Pres. Univ. (R.K. Smoot),1919-1925
1924, undated
Trustees Lists,undated
Inaugural of Dr. Bailey,undated
Biographies—Charter Trustees of Austin College / biographies to be typed,undated
Sundry letters, clippings—Austin College, 1924-1930
Texas Presbyterian College for Girls, undated
Daniel Baker College, 1920-1927, undated
C063 Austin School of Theology:
1930, undated
Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary:
1914-1928, undated
Texas Literary Institute/Texas Educational Conventions, undated
Round Rock Institute, 1926-1931
B. J. Smith’s School, undated
Live Oak Seminary,undated
Live Oak and Stuart Female Seminaries Reunion,1927-1943
Stuart Seminary, 1891-1933
Various schools, 1903-1921
Schreiner Institute, 1929-1931
Evangelical Theological Seminary, 1928, undated
C064 Presbyterian Encampment, 1916-1929, undated
Orphans Home [20th Century Fund], 1914-1928
Methodist education, undated
Baptist Church, undated
C122 Drafts, undated:
Ch. 1
Ch. 2
Ch. 3
Ch. 4
Ch. 5
Ch. 6-8 (2 folders)
Research Material:
Correspondence and notes,1929
C111 Samuel McKinney Photograph, undated

Series IV: Pioneer Presbyterians (Section 4), 1847-1933

C064 Biographical Sketches of Ministers A-Z:
A, undated
B (1 of 2), 1915-1929
C065 B (2 of 2), 1913-1929
C (1 of 2), 1900, undated
C (2 of 2), 1916, 1933, undated
D, undated
E-F, 1916-1931
G, 1927, undated
H (1 of 2), 1914-1931
H (2 of 2), 1931, undated
J, 1931, undated
K, undated
L, 1900, 1916, undated
M (1 of 2), 1909-1929
C066 M (2 of 2), 1929, undated
N, undated
P, 1916-1933, undated
R-S, 1873, undated
R-S, 1914, 1924, undated
S, undated
T, 1907, undated
V, 1910, 1914, undated
V-W, 1890, 1904, 1916, undated
W, 1906, 1924, 1929, undated
W, 1847, 1875, 1916, undated
C122 Drafts:
Drafts, undated
C120 Drafts, undated (2 folders)
Research material:
Research notes—biographical sketches,undated
Research correspondence, 1914-1931
Research article, 1914

Series V: General,1900-1933

C067 Sundry letters, clippings:
(1 of 5), 1905-1930
(2 of 5), 1908-1931
(3 of 5), 1900-1926
(4 of 5), 1909-1933
(5 of 5), 1904-1927
Clippings—Scrapbook, notation book, undated Clippings:
(1 of 4), 1912-1929
C068 (2 of 4)—Notations, undated
(3 of 4)—Notations, undated
(4 of 4), undated
Notations, undated
Episcopal Church in Texas, undated
Biog, laymen:
Negroes, undated
Evangelism, 1923-1930
Laymen (Presbyterian), 1907-1931
Periodicals of Texas, 1923-1932
Texas Bible Society, undated
General, 1907
General, undated
From Rev. Malcolm Purcell [2010-006]:
Photograph of Live Oak Seminary building, circa 1926
Clipping, “Texas Feudists Quit When Early Day Practitioner Begins Praying in Street: Dr. George Clark Red, Sought by Women to Stop Killings, Resorts to Unique Method – Pioneer Family and Education. Does Much for Religion,” by Mabelle Purcell, from San Antonio newspaper, [includes information on William Stuart Red and rest of Red family], October 1933
Financial notes, circa 1934-1935
C111 Photographs, undated