Founded in 1977 by Robert "Mort" Schwab, the Texas Human Rights Foundation is devoted to protecting the human rights of Texans, with the primary goal of ending discrimination against homosexuals, bisexuals, transsexuals, and persons living with AIDS and HIV. The collection includes correspondence, newspaper clippings, audio-visual recordings and other documents relating to the work of this organization between 1978 and 1992.
The Texas Resource Center represented Texas' death row inmates during their trials and subsequent appeals processes from 1977-1999. The Center lost its federal funding after passage of the Effective Death Penalty and Anti-Terrorism Act in 1996. The collection contains the legal records of these cases, and it is grouped alphabetically by the inmate's last name.
Juanita Craft was a member of NAACP leadership in the Dallas area from 1935 until her retirement, working as a state field organizer and the Dallas Youth Advisor. As leader of the Youth Council, Craft helped to end segregation of lunch counters and restaurants, the Texas State Fair and North Texas State University through non-violent protest. In 1967, she received an additional award for exposing fraudulent trade schools that preyed on young people around the state. Her persistent work on behalf of civil rights concerns has earned her repeated awards for civic leadership, including national recognition. Her collection includes materials dating back to her early work with the Dallas Youth Council, including a scrap book documenting the Council's work. Printed materials include copies of the NAACP publication, The Crisis, correspondence and documentation of NAACP work more generally, and pamphlets from related organizations.
A former Texas bank president who spent 21 years in prison for armed robbery, Lawrence C. Pope assisted other inmates in filing lawsuits against state and federal prison systems. After his parole in 1982, he devoted his time to prison reform and rehabilitation of prisoners. The collection includes correspondence, newspaper clippings, legal documents, reports, financial records, and printed materials were gathered by Pope from 1961 to 1989. The materials focus primarily on the Texas Department of Corrections, and they provide information on most apsects of prison operations and conditions. In addition, materials on banks and banking in Texas are included. Nineteen audio cassettes of interviews with Pope recount his life's work.
R.C. Hickman was a Dallas photojournalist who documented the school desegregation process for the NAACP while working for the Dallas Star Post, Jet and Express during the 1950s and 1960s. His collection includes his photographic work for each of these publications, including coverage of news events, entertainers, and local schools, social events, etc. in addition to coverage of NAACP events and the school desegregation work mentioned above. The collection is divided into two parts, but these documents are included in both section.
Richard Morehead was a Texas journalist who focused his work on politics and civil rights issues during the tumultuous 1960s and 1970s. Morehead also paid special attention to the unfolding of school desegregation in Texas, and he won several journalistic awards for his writing. Materials in this collection include copies of his writing and publications, as well as correspondence and research for his various pieces.
In the court order in the case of Ruiz v. Estelle, Federal District Judge William Wayne Justice found widespread abuses of prisoners in the Texas state prison system and placed it in federal receivership administered by the Office of Special Master. The Special Master records span the period of federal receivership from 1979 to 1992, including trial transcripts and exhibits, prison medical testimony and administrative documents.
The Briscoe Center for American History has extensive holdings regarding slaves in the U.S. The link above connects to the Center's page for Slavery Research and the finding aids for individual manuscript collections, government documents and slave narratives collected by the WPA. Additionally, the Center's holdings on slavery in the southern United States include collections includes personal and legal papers dating from 1793 to 1864 of slave owners. These papers include slavery bills of sales and business and financial records of ante-bellum businesses and plantations in Texas, Louisiana, and Mississippi.
Gloria "G.K." Sprinkle worked extensively with the National Organization for Women (NOW) in leadership positions from 1979 to 1985. Her papers include organization documents from meetings and conferences during this period, as well as newspaper clippings and publications related to both NOW and general women's rights.
Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants (C.U.R.E.) was founded in 1972 by Charles and Pauline Sullivan in San Antonio, Texas as a membership organization of families of prisoners, prisoners, former prisoners, and other concerned citizens who work to reduce crime through criminal justice reform. The collection contains correspondence, newsletters, legal material, videotapes, photographs, and printed material that document the work of the organization at both the national and state levels.