The Texas Farm Workers Union (TFWU) was established in August 1975 under the leadership of Antonio Orendain. Wanting a union that was accountable to them, a core of Rio Grande Valley farmworkers supported the foundation of the TFWU. Despite the financial problems it faced, the TFWU was able to focus the media spotlight on the plight of farmworkers. They campaigned for the establishment of a Texas Agricultural Board and the right of farmworkers to vote on union representation, but legislation died in subcommittee. In 1977 union members started a 420-mile march from San Juan to Austin. To gain more public support for their cause, Orendain led forty union members on a historical 1,600-mile march from Austin to Washington, DC. However, unable to maintain firm financial backing, the union continued to have a sporadic existence until its demise in the mid-1980s. In addition to the correspondence of TFWU labor organizer Orendain, the collection includes promotional materials such as the newspaper El Cuhamil, a half-hour film titled Los Trabajadores Agricolas de Tejas and several phonodiscs of songs for TFWU written by Esteban Jordan. Other items found in this collection are posters, buttons, bumper stickers, and banners.
Nine members of the military junta that ruled Argentina from 1976 to 1982 were put on trial by the Buenos Aires Federal Court of Criminal Appeals, a civilian court, and were charged with crimes including homicide, torture, illegal detention, and robbery. The collection consists of photocopies of case transcripts of testimonies by 828 witnesses at the 1985 trial of these military commanders. The 7630 sheets of testimonies, chiefly by released prisoners like Jacobo Timmerman, document instances of kidnapping, illegal detention in clandestine centers, systematic torture, coerced collaboration, and death under torture. Transcripts are arranged chronologically and a list of witnesses is included.
The U.S. Latino and Latina WWII Oral History Project Collection is the product of an initiative that began in 1999 to document the experiences of Mexican Americans during WWII. The project is a joint initiative between the Center for Mexican American Studies and the UT School of Journalism designed to highlight the contributions of Mexican Americans that are not always recognized in traditional histories of the war. Individuals interviewed served in the U.S. armed forces during the conflict, whether as soldiers, nurses, technicians, or members of the civil service. The project may also be accessed through its own web page (http://www.lib.utexas.edu/ww2latinos/index.html) for additional information. The collection contains 400+ oral history interviews, including audio and video tapes and DVDs, transcripts, indexes to the interviews, narrative stories produced from the interviews, photographs, correspondence, and other documents from the U.S. Latino and Latina WWII Oral History Project.
Charles Edmund Horman, a Harvard educated American freelance journalist, was abducted, tortured, and executed in Chile during General Augusto Pinochet's coup d'état that began on September 11, 1973 to overthrow the government of Salvador Allende. The Hormans sued Henry Kissinger and Nixon Administration officials over Charles Horman's wrongful death and its concealment. The collection contains materials written and collected by Joyce Horman and Edmund Horman, wife and father of Charles Horman, that document events resulting from Charles Horman's death.
Mexican American civil rights advocate, educator, sociologist and anthropologist Dr. Julian Samora is considered to be the first Mexican American to receive a Ph.D. in Sociology and Anthropology. His research interests included the delivery of health services, rural populations in urban settings and the rural poor, Mexican immigration and the movement of Mexican Americans along the U.S.-Mexico border, population studies, and the educational status of youth and adults. He was co-founder, along with Ernesto Galarza and Herman Gallegos, of the Southwest Council of La Raza, now the National Council of La Raza. He served on boards or as a consultant to many organizations including, among others, the Colorado Anti-Discrimination Commission, the Indiana Civil Rights Commission, the Mexican American Legal Defense ' Education Fund, the National Assessment of Educational Progress, the President's Commission on Rural Poverty, the President's Commission on Income Maintenance Programs, the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, and the United Way. The collection is comprised of correspondence, written works, personal and biographical materials, organization records, photographs, audiovisual materials, and Samora’s personal library.
Audio recordings and scripts of the news report and interview segments of the "Latin American Press Review" (1973-1974) and "Latin American Review" (1976-1984) radio programs from the Longhorn Radio Network and the Institute of Latin American Studies at the University of Texas at Austin.
The League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) was founded in Corpus Christi, Texas, in 1929 with the mission to advance the economic condition, educational attainment, political influence, housing, health and civil rights of the Hispanic population of the United States. Today, LULAC advocates powerfully for legislation that benefits the interests of all Latin Americans in the U.S. as individuals and members of larger Latin American communities. This three part collection stems from the "Presidential Papers Initiative" established to collect the papers of each LULAC president from 1929 to the present; however, actual preservation in this collection is limited to sixteen presidents over the 80 year history of the organization. Materials range from administrative documents to subject files on a wide range of civil, economic and social rights.
Political leader from La Joya, Texas, and advocate for the poor, Leo James Leo championed many Mexican American causes. He was involved in both local and statewide politics and served on the boards of directors of many Great Society poverty programs, such as the Associated City and County Economic Corporation, helping the poor with food, job assistance, housing, and medical aid. He was often involved in controversy because of his forthright defense of these programs. In 1960, Leo and other Mexican -American political leaders organized the Political Association of Spanish Speaking Organizations (PASSO). Leo chaired the 1,000 member Hidalgo chapter of PASSO, the largest in the state. He also formed the Hidalgo County Political League, an association of liberal Anglo American and Mexican American Democrats, in the late 1960s. In addition, he assisted with summer youth programs and helped file citizenship papers for many Mexican immigrants. The collection contains materials from La Joya political activities and statements; the Guillermo Flores Elementary School dedication; personal and family history; and posthumous dedications and tributes.
Peruvian author, poet, and political activist Magda Portal became active in leftist politics in Peru and Bolivia and was active in the Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana (APRA). In 1927, she was exiled to Cuba and in 1930, she was incarcerated in Chile. Upon returning to Peru, she founded the Peruvian Aprista Party. Through PAP she worked for women's rights and started educational and political programs for women. She became the leader of the Feminine Sector of APRA's National Executive Committee and was in charge of organizing feminist groups throughout Peru. Portal also helped edit the party magazine Apra and published variouspolitical pamphlets and essays. During the presidency of dictator Sánchez Cerro and his persecution of Aprista leaders in 1932, Portal was forced to go underground for some 16 months but was later arrested in 1934 and sentenced to 500 days in Santo Tomás women's prison in Lima. After release from prison Portal continued her work for APRA and spent time working in Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay. The collection contains Portal’s correspondence, written works and radio transcripts, as well as a variety of political ephemera related to the PAP.
Photographer and civil rights activist Manuel (Chaca) Ramírez (1947-present) documented Mexican American barrios, civil rights activities, (including the Texas Farmworkers' march of 1977 and the East Austin Boat Race controversy), and Chicano arts and artists. In the 1980s, he recorded the work of Mexican American artists Amado Maurilio Peña, Jr. and Consuelo (Chelo) Gonzalez Amezcua. The collection consists of 875 images that document activities and environs of Mexican Americans in Texas. Photographs of Laredo, Texas, in the 1970's show people of Laredo in their surroundings and the contrasts between poverty and luxury in the city. Slides document the Texas Farmworkers' march of 1977 for reform of labor laws in Texas and the United States, protest marches against police brutality, neighborhood activism in Austin, Texas, and a mural project by the League of United Chicano Artists (LUChA) in East Austin.