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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Historical Note

Scope and Contents Note

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Black Diaspora in New Spain Document Collection, 1592-1799

The Benson Latin American Collection

Black Diaspora in New Spain Document Collection



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Reynolds, Miles
Title: Black Diaspora in New Spain Document Collection
Dates: 1592-1799
Abstract: 49 original documents from colonial Mexico that include court cases involving enslaved people and inventories of haciendas where slaves were transferred or sold. Documents record the age, caste, sale price, and place of origin of the enslaved.
Accession No.: 2019-24
Extent: 2 linear feet
Language: Spanish
Repository: Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin

Historical Note

The founding of New Spain in 1535 ushered in what would become centuries of Spanish colonial rule across Latin America. Documents in this collection highlight slavery in colonial Mexico. Most documents record the age, caste, and sale price of the listed enslaved person, and some indicate the enslaved person's place of origin. Documents include court cases involving slaves and inventories of haciendas where slaves were transferred or sold.

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Scope and Contents Note

The collection is comprised of 49 individual documents detailing slavery in colonial Mexico, including court cases and inventories of haciendas.

Documents are individually numbered and are largely arranged in chronological order. During collection transport and processing, some identifying document numbers were seperated from the corresponding document. All unidentified documents are located in Folder 5. The list of unidentified documents in Folder 5 is arranged in numerical order by the original document number, and includes the corresponding description.

Some documents have been transcribed, and those transcriptions are located alongside the document. Annotations made by the original collector to highlight enslaved persons were maintained to the greatest degree possible.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Use Restrictions

Standard copyright restrictions apply.

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Index Terms

Subjects
New Spain--History--Sources.
Slavery--Mexico.
Slavery--Mexico--History--Sources.
Slavery--Mexico--Puebla (State)--History.
Places
New Spain.
New Spain--Colonies--America.
Cholula (Puebla, Mexico).

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Related Material

Indians of New Spain: Transcripts, 1579-1797, Benson Latin American Collection, LLILAS Benson Latin American Studies and Collections, The University of Texas at Austin.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Cite as: Black Diaspora in New Spain Document Collection, Benson Latin American Collection, LLILAS Benson Latin American Studies and Collections, The University of Texas at Austin.

Acquisition Information

Purchase.

Accession number: 2019-24

Processing Information

Collection processed by Janette Nunez and Rachel E. Winston, 2020.

Additions

No further materials are expected for this collection.

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Box and Folder Inventory

Black Diaspora in New Spain Document Collection, 1592-1799

Box Folder
1 1 Research material
Supplementary research material related to documents in the collection.
2 Document 00, 1592
2 pages; A document from the village of Chilapa in the Mexico City region. Describes an enslved man named John Criollo from "Cabo Verde" that escaped and had "pereatasco" branded on his forehead and had run away ten years ago.
2 Document 0, 1593
1 page; Describes John Alonso, a free mulatto slave in Puebla, Mexico.
2 Document 1, 1640-1641
2 pages; Document includes fiscal seal and describes the sale of four slaves. In exchange or barter for merchandise, Francisco, 30 year old man, is purchased in Veracruz. In Tlaxcala, Juan, a 20 year old man is sold for 270 pesos in gold. In Puebla, Sebastian, a 30 year old man born in the Congo, is sold for 250 pesos in gold. In Puebla, Pascual, an 18 year old man is sold.
2 Document 2, 1642-1643
1 page; Document includes fiscal seal and describes a slave used as a financial guarantee. In Cholula, Puebla, Gabriel Alfonso, a 26 year old negro man named from the Congo is sold for 360 pesos in gold.
2 Document 3, 1645-1646
2 pages; Document includes fiscal seal and describes the sale of a slave. In Cholula, Puebla, the 10-12 year old son of a man named Hernando is sold for 240 pesos in gold.
2 Document 4, 1647-1648
2 pages; Document includes fiscal seal and describes the transfer of a slave in Cholula, Puebla.
2 Document 5, 1649
2 pages; Document includes fiscal seal and describes the sale of a slave. In Cholula, Puebla, Teresa, a negro woman, is sold for 370 pesos in gold.
2 Document 6, 1650-1651
2 pages; Document includes fiscal seal and announces slaves for sale. In Antequera, Oaxaca, these slaves could be bought with credit or cash.
2 Document 7, 1651-1652
2 pages; Document includes fiscal seal and describes the sale of slaves. In Puebla, Puebla, slaves from a convent could be bought or exchanged for goods.
2 Document 8, 1654-1657
2 pages; Document includes fiscal seal and describes the sale of a slave. In Puebla, Puebla, a 16 year old creole woman named Ines is sold for 285 pesos in gold.
2 Document 9, 1656-1657
2 pages; Document includes fiscal seal and describes the inventory of a plantation along with slaves included in the sale. In Puebla, Puebla, the inventory was sold for 5,485 pesos in gold.
2 Document 10, 1670
1 page; Includes fiscal sealed paper for 1654-1655. Document describes the sale of a slave. In Villa de Carrion, Valle de Atrisco, Alonso de Nava, a 34 year old man, was sold for 350 pesos in gold.
2 Document 11, 1670
page; Includes fiscal sealed paper for 1642-1643. Document describes the sale of a slave. In Villa de Carrion, Vale de Atrisco, Alonso, a 30 year old mulatto man is sold.
2 Document 12, 1670
1 page; Includes fiscal sealed paper for 1654-1655. Document describes the sale of a slave. In Villa de Carrion, Vale de Atrisco, Alonso de Nava, a 34 year old creole man is sold.
2 Document 13, 1670
3 pages; Includes fiscal sealed paper for 1654-1655. Document describes the sale of Josefa, a 40 year old woman, and her two children, 12 year old Gertudis Berriel and 9 year old Pedro, for 600 pesos in gold. This purchase was made as dowry by Marcos Berriel de Mujica nd his wife to their in-laws for the marriage of their daughter, Dona Juana Berriel de Mojica, from Tlaxcala.
2 Document 14, 1670
1 page; Includes fiscal sealed paper for 1654-1655. Document describes the sale of 4 slaves by the Bishop of Puebla by an intermediary, including a mother and her 3 sons. In Puebla, Puebla, Maria, a 26 year old creole woman is sold along with her 1 year old son Antonio, 4 year old Joaquin, and 9 year old Blas were sold for 650 pesos in gold.
2 Document 15, 1670
2 pages; Includes fiscal sealed paper for 1670-1671. Document describes the sale of 2 slaves from an estate. In Puebla, Puebla, Pedro Barrales Bravo sells two slaves from the estate of his deceased mother-in-law, Juana Ibañez, of Huaxuapa, Puebla, to his neighbor Diego Sanchez Conchoro. Beatriz, a 30 year old mulatta woman, and her 11 year old son Leoncio are sold for 420 pesos in gold.
3 Document 16, 1678-1679
2 pages; Document includes fiscal and describes the purchase of land in the barrio of San Antonio in Puebla, Puebla, by Juan de la Cruz, a free mulatto, for 35 pesos in gold.
3 Document 17, 1682
2 pages; Includes fiscal sealed paper for 1676-1677. Document describes the sale of the Haciendas Los Cuautla, Guantotolapa, Gamazaque. Hacienda inventories included slaves and are sold to satisfy a debt in Acayuca, a province of Guazacualco.
3 Document 18, 1682
6 pages; Includes fiscal sealed paper for 1678-1679. Document describes the sale of the Hacienda Solcuautla in Puebla, Puebla, and mentions the Inquisition. The Hacienda's inventory includes the sale of slaves for 6,200 pesos in gold.
3 Document 20, 1683
1 page; Includes fiscal sealed paper for 1679-1680. Document describes the sale of a slave. In Villa de Artisco, Puebla, a man named Lucas is sold for 300 pesos in gold.
3 Document 21, 1683
1 page; Includes fiscal sealed paper for 1679-1680. Document describes the sale of a slave. In Veracruz, Veracruz, a woman named Teresa is sold for 400 pesos in gold.
3 Document 22, 1683
1 page; Includes fiscal sealed paper for 1679-1680. Document describes the right to sell Teresa, a creole woman in Port of San Juan de Ulua, Veracruz.
3 Document 23, 1683
1 page; Includes fiscal sealed paper for 1679-1680. Document describes the sale of 3 slaves from Hacienda San Baltazar in Tepeaca. Maria, a 35 year old woman was sold along with her children, 5 year olf Nicolas and Miguel who was less than 1 year old, for 550 pesos in gold.
3 Document 24, 1683
1 page; Includes fiscal sealed paper for 1679-1680. Document mentions Geronimo, an enslaved man.
3 Document 25, 1704
2 pages; Includes fiscal sealed paper for 1693-1704. Document describes the sale of a slave. In Puebla, Puebla, Teresa, a 40 year old woman is sold by one of the priests of the Bishop of Puebla.
3 Document 26, 1696-1687
4 pages; Document includes fiscal seal and describes the sale of the Hacienda de San Nicholas in Tulancingo, Hidalgo. The Hacienda's inventory includes six slaves, 28 year old Luis, 35 year old Incolaz, 10 year old Bartolome, 7 year old Antonio, 3 year old Bernardo, and 1 and a half year old Petrona. The entire Hacienda is sold for 6,038 and 4 tomines in gold.
3 Document 27, 1709
12 pages; Document includes a detailed inventory of the Hacienda La Quemada in Zacatecas, one of the largest Haciendas of its time. The inventory lists the buildings, animals, furniture, and tools, along with the names and ages of 78 slaves between the ages of 4 to 60 years old. Hacienda La Quemada is sold for 179,908.5 pesos in gold.
3 Document 28, 1683
1 page; Document includes fiscal seal for 1682-1683.
3 Document 29, 1718
7 pages; Document describes the sale of three slaves. In Cuautla, Morelos, a woman named Juana and her son Juan Jose are sold along with a woman named Maria de San Jose for 350 pesos in gold.
3 Document 30, 1750-1751
3 pages; Document includes fical seal and describes a lawsuit over the use of a fugitive slave in Cordoba, Veracruz. The enslaved person's original owner, Antonio Maximo Manzano, is suing the present owner, Felipe de Cordoba, for 200 pesos in gold for the years he used his slave. Felipe de Cordoba was condemned to 6 years in prision for stealing the slave and horses.
4 Document 31, 1751
10 pages; Document chronicles a judicial court case of the Corregidor de Bolaños, or Mayor of Bolaños, Zacatecas. The trial reveals he raped an enslaved woman named La Chomba, and sent her and her daughter away, giving them their freedom even though they were not his slaves.
4 Document 33, 1760-1761
2 pages; Document includes fiscal seal and describes the right to sell slaves. In Puebla, Puebla, a college in Puebla and a priest are granted license, and the priest sells Loecadia Maria, a 16 year old woman for 250 pesos in gold.
4 Document 39, 1770
8 pages; Document is a court petition of Loreenzo Garcia, a free mulatto man, who bids on a property at an auction in Guadalajara, Jalisco.
4 Document 40, 1784-1785
5 pages; Document includes fiscal seal and describes the sale of a slave. In Santa Fe, Guanajuato, Jose de Salas, a 19 year old man, is sold for 80 pesos in gold.
4 Document 41, 1798-1799
1 page; Document includes fiscal seal and describes the will of the Reverend Mother Maria Manuela of the Holy Rosary. Upon her death, she willed 1000 pesos in gold and interest to her slave in Puebla, Puebla.
4 Document 44, 1650-1651
17 pages; The last page has sealed paper from 1640-1641. Document includes fiscal seal of Domingo Perez, a mulatto man.
4 Document 46, 1678-1679
3 pages; Document includes fiscal seal and describes the sale of a slave. In Damain de Sierra, Tlaxcala, a 35 year old negro man is sold for 450 pesos in gold.
5 Unidentified Document 19, 1682
1 page; Includes fiscal seal paper for 1679-1680 and mentions slaves.
5 Unidentified Document 32, 1760-1761
1 page; Document includes fiscal seal and is the will of Manuel Joseph de Toro of Puebla, Puebla. The will mentions his slaves, furniture, real estate, and jewelry.
5 Unidentified Document 34, 1760-1761
2 pages; Document includes fiscal seal and is the will and testament of Maria de Canas of Puebla, Puebla. The will mentions her slaves, furniture, real estate, jewelry, cattle, silver, gold, and farming seeds.
5 Unidentified Document 35, 1760-1761
1 page; Document includes fiscal seal and is the will of Joachen do Saldana y Bonilla of Puebla, Puebla. The will mentions his slaves, furniture, real estate, jewelry, cattle, silver, and fruit trees.
5 Unidentified Document 36, 1760-1761
1 page; Document includes fiscal seal and is the will and testament of Joachen Aguilar of Puebla, Puebla. The will mentions his slaves, furniture, real estate, jewelry, cattle, and fruit trees to satisfy a judegement against him.
5 Unidentified Document 37, 1760-1761
1 page; Document includes fiscal seal and describes a quit claim to satisfy an ecclesiastical judegement in Puebla, Puebla. Slaves, furnitture, real estate, jewelry, cattle, silver, gold, and fruit trees are willed.
5 Unidentified Document 38, 1760-1761
1 page; Document includes fiscal seal and describes a quit claim to satisfy an ecclesiastical judegment in Puebla, Puebla.
5 Unidentified Document 42, 1634
2 pages; Document of Joana Maria, an enslaved negro woman.
5 Unidentified Document 43, 1636
2 pages; Document of Julian, an enslaved negro man.
5 Unidentified Document 45, 1652-1653
2 pages; Document includes fiscal seal and describes an 18 year old Juan, a white Chinese creole from Manila.
5 Unidentified Document 47, 1634
2 pages; Document includes fiscal seal and details 19 year old Nasido, a 19 year old enslaved man, and Francisco, a 22 year old enslaved man, in Antequera, Valle de Oaxaca.

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