University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

William Hunter Letter, undated



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Undetermined creator
Title: William Hunter letter
Dates: undated
Abstract: The William Hunter Letter, undated, contains information regarding a plan to use Texas convicts as miners on University of Texas lands in West Texas. The first page of the letter is missing.
Identification: camh-arc-004372
Extent: 6 items (6 leaves)
Language: English .
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Historical Note

The letter, written by William Hunter, concerns a plan to put Texas convicts to work mining ore on University of Texas-owned lands in West Texas. Convict labor rose in popularity in Texas in the 1870s and represented another form of enslavement for African American prisoners, who were disproportionately imprisoned in Texas and around the United States. The lands mentioned in the letter were allocated for the University of Texas upon its establishment in 1876 and were meant to contribute to the Permanent University Fund (PUF). Around one million acres of land were included in the 1876 appropriation, while another million acres were added to the PUF lands in 1883.

"Fear, Force, and Leather - The Texas Prison System's First Hundred Years, 1848-1948." Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

"History of University Lands & The PUF Lands." University Lands.


Scope and Contents

The William Hunter letter concerns a plan to put Texas convicts to work mining ore on University of Texas-owned lands in West Texas. The first page of the letter is missing and the recipient and date of this item are unknown, though the letter is signed by Hunter.


Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.


Index Terms

Corporate Names
The University of Texas at Austin
Subjects
Convict labor
Mines and mineral resources
Document Types
Correspondence

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

William Hunter Letter, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Accession Number(s)

1993-041

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Briscoe Center staff. Subsequent revisions made by Emma Trent, October 2020, and Caroline Collins, November 2020.


OCLC Number

74281190


Archivist's Note

One possible author of the William Hunter Letter is William Lockhart Hunter (1809-1886), a Texas soldier and politician. He fought in the Texas Revolution and served as a congressman in the Congress of the Republic of Texas from 1839 to 1845. William Wallace Hunter (1803-1892) is a second possible author. He was a Commodore in the Confederate States Navy during the American Civil War. However, the author of the William Hunter Letter is uncertain, since the letter's first page is missing.


Detailed Description of the Collection

box
3B51 [SRH1230014983] Letter, undated