A Guide to the Michael Erskine Papers
Michael Erskine, born in present-day West Virginia in 1794, was a Texas rancher and cattle raiser near Seguin in Guadalupe County. In 1854, he drove a herd of cattle from Texas through New Mexico and Arizona, and into California. Once in California he lost his cattle earnings in gold mining and milling ventures. He returned to his Texas ranch in 1859 and died while returning from a cattle trip to New Orleans in 1862. Erskine has ten children, including three sons who figure prominently in his papers, Andrew Nelson, John Paulee, and Michael Henry Erskine.
The collection consists of the original two-volume diary of Michael Erskine's 1854 cattle drive, 1928 transcript of the diary, and a photocopy of the transcript. Also included are correspondence and Erskine family genealogical material. The diary transcript and some of the genealogical material were created in 1928 by Blucher Haynes Erskine, the grandson of Michael and the son of Andrew. Correspondence consists of four letters, 1856-1860, from Michael Erskine's son, Michael Henry, who was in California, to his brother Andrew Nelson, who remained in Texas.
Genealogical material focuses on Michael Erskine and his immediate ancestors and descendants, including a record of the Indian captivity of Erskine's mother, Margaret Paulee, in Virginia in 1779. Of special note is the preface written by J. Frank Dobie in "The Diary and Letters of Michael Erskine," 1926.
This collection is open for research use.
Michael Erskine Papers, 1854-1930, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
Detailed Description of the Papers