A Guide to the José Bernardo Maximiliano Gutiérrez de Lara Papers, 1812-1947
Mexican revolutionary and diplomat José Bernardo Maximiliano Gutiérrez de Lara was born at Revilla (now Guerrero), Tamaulipas, Mexico, on August 20, 1774. In Revilla, Gutiérrez married and became a merchant, blacksmith, and property owner. Gutiérrez played an active role during the Mexican War of Independence, first encouraging revolution in Nuevo Santander and then soliciting aid in the United States. In December 1811, he met with Secretary of State James Monroe to discuss plans for establishing a republican government in Texas, which would then be used as a springboard for the liberation of Mexico.
The Gutiérrez-Magee filibustering expedition departed for Texas in early 1812 in order to attack New Spain. Despite its failure, the next year later Gutiérrez became president protector of the provisional government for the state, resigning in August 1813 at the request of the junta at Bexar. In April 1814, Gutiérrez went to New Orleans to raise a new liberation movement and in 1815 fought in the Battle of New Orleans. Between 1817 and 1820, Gutiérrez accompanied failed filibustering expeditions by Francisco Xavier Mina and James Long into Texas.
Over the next few years, Gutiérrez served in numerous governmental positions: governor of Tamaulipas (1824), commandant general of Tamaulipas (1825) and commandant general of the eastern division of Provincias Internas (1826). He then left public service and passed away in 1841.
"Gutiérrez de Lara, José Bernardo Maximilano." Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed December 14, 2010.
The José Bernardo Maximiliano Gutiérrez de Lara Papers, 1812-1947, consist of correspondence, legal documents and clippings documenting Gutiérrez’s career during the Mexican War of Independence. The collection comprises three bound volumes of typewritten transcriptions of correspondence, four spiral notebooks of handwritten transcriptions of correspondence, some translated into English, and loose documents, and photocopies of original documents. The majority of the collection consists of Gutiérrez’s correspondence during the Mexican Revolution with individuals such as Stephen F. Austin, Agustín de Inturbide, and José Álvarez de Toledo. Also included is correspondence during his service as governor, photocopies of encyclopedia entries and newspaper clippings concerning Gutiérrez as well as official pronouncements issued by Gutiérrez. A 1947 Mexican newspaper article discusses the career of Gutiérrez.
This collection is open for research use.
José Bernardo Maximiliano Gutiérrez de Lara Papers, 1812-1947, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center’s History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project, 2009-2011.
Detailed Description of the Papers