Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical / Historical Note

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Separated Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Presbyterian Church Records, 1839-1925, 1936-1963, 2007



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Undetermined creator
Title: Presbyterian Church records
Dates: 1839-1925, 1936-1963, 2007
Abstract: The Presbyterian Church records, 1839-1925, 1936-1963, 2007, consist of correspondence, minutes, committee reports, resolutions, and membership lists of southern presbyteries and synods.
Identification: urn:taro:utexas.cah.01823
Extent: 10.83 linear feet
Language: English .
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Biographical / Historical Note

Presbyterians started moving into Texas from the United States in the 1820s, and Milton Estell established the first Presbyterian Church in Texas near Clarksville in 1833. Although Cumberland Presbyterian missionary Sumner Bacon first entered Texas in 1829, the first Cumberland Presbyterian church did not organize until 1837. By the 1840s, the Cumberland Synod of Texas in Nacogdoches began to spread its evangelistic policy throughout the state.

Peter H. Fullenwider, one of Stephen F. Austin's original 300 settlers, became the first minister of the Presbyterian Church of the United States of America (PCUSA) to move to Texas in 1834. This denomination split in 1837 into the Old School and New School sects. Fullenwider was an Old School preacher, as was Hugh Wilson, who established Bethel Presbyterian Church, the first Old School church in Texas, near San Augustine in 1838. Over the next few decades, several Old School churches and synods sprang up in Texas, and by 1854, the first New School presbytery was also established. At the start of the Civil War in 1861, most churches within the two sects joined together in the South to form the Presbyterian Church in the Confederate States of America (PCCSA). The PCCSA renamed itself to the Presbyterian Church in the United States (PCUS) following the war, but a few of the PCCSA churches joined the PCUSA instead.

Although a small number of Cumberland Presbyterians still exist throughout Texas and the greater United States, in 1906 most rejoined the PCUSA, from which the church had split in 1810. In turn, the PCUSA merged with the United Presbyterian Church of North America to form the United Presbyterian Church in the United States of America (UPUSA or UP) in 1958. Twenty-five years later, the PCUS merged with the UP to form the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), also known as the PC(USA). In 1993, the Cumberland Presbyterians had 9,465 members in Texas, while the PC(USA) had 149,641 devotees.

Sources:

Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Presbyterian Church," (accessed August 30, 2021).

Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Wilson, Hugh," (accessed August 30, 2021).

Presbyterian Historical Society: The National Archives of the PC (USA). "Presbyterians in America: A Timeline." (accessed August 30, 2021).

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Scope and Contents

The Presbyterian Church records, 1839-1925, 1936-1963, 2007, consist of correspondence, minutes, committee reports, resolutions, and membership lists of southern presbyteries and synods. The first series of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church (1842-1914) represent the Mound Prairie Presbytery (Arkansas), Little River Presbytery (Texas), Bacon Presbytery (Texas), Brazos Synod (Texas), Colorado Presbytery and Colorado Synod (Texas), San Antonio Presbytery (Texas), White Rock Presbytery (Texas), McGregor Church (Texas), and others. The second series of the Presbyterian Church in the United States (1840-1910) contain the records of the Synods of Missouri and Texas, the Presbyteries of Austin, Brazos, and Trinity (Texas), the Presbytery of Central Texas, the Eastern Texas Presbytery, and the Presbytery of Western Texas. The final series of Municipal Presbyterian Church (1839-1925) contain the records of the Center Ridge Church in Alabama, the Hugh Wilson Church (Texas), and several churches in Texas cities, including Independence, Victoria, Washington, and Huntsville. The final series also contains a memoir by Richard Robertson, recounting his experience at Trinity Presbyterian Church in Dallas, Texas. Also included in the last series are newspaper clippings, reports, and financial records of the First Presbyterian Church in College Station, TX.

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Arrangement

The records are divided into the following series:
I. Cumberland Presbyterian Church
II. Presbyterian Church in the United States
III. Municipal Presbyterian Church

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Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.

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Index Terms

Personal Names
Allen, William G.
Blair, William G.
Breckenridge, John
Burke, A. J.
Henderson, I. J.
Limber, John
Lowie, Walter
McCullough, John
Miller, J. Weston
Corporate Names
Cumberland Presbyterian Church
Presbyterian Church in the Confederate States of America
Presbyterian Church in the U.S.
Presbyterian church in the U.S.A.
Texas A & M university
Subjects
Presbyterian Church
Religion
Places
Alabama
Arkansas
Missouri
Texas
United States

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Related Materials

See also the

First Cumberland Presbyterian Church (Austin, Tex.) Records

Presbyterian Church (Beulah, Tex.) Records.

Presbyterian Church (Milford, Tex.) Records

Presbyterian Foreign Missions Board Records

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Separated Material

Three books separated to the Library Unit.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Presbyterian Church Records, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Accession Number(s)

1926-1948; 2018-268.

Processing Information

Basic processing and cataloging of this collection was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Briscoe Center's History Revealed: Bringing Collections to Light project, 2009-2011. Accession 2018-268 added by Juliette Draper, August 2021.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Inventory

box
2F323 [SRH1230007361] I. Cumberland Presbyterian Church
Mound Prairie Presbytery, Arkansas, minutes, 1842-1903
box
2F324 [SRH1230007363] Brazos Synod, Texas, minutes, 1849-1851, 1853-1856, 1858-1874
Colorado Synod, Texas, minutes
1854-1878
box
2F325 [SRH1230007364] 1879-1887
Synod of Texas, minutes, 1843-1868
Austin Presbytery, Texas, minutes, 1903-1907
Bacon Presbytery, Texas, minutes
1878-1883
box
2F326 [SRH1230007365] 1884-1904
box
2F327 [SRH1230007366] Colorado Presbytery, Texas, minutes
1843-1887
box
2F328 [SRH1230007367] 1887-1895
Greenville Presbytery Texas, minutes, 1855-1871
Little River Presbytery, Texas
Records
1854-1868
box
2F329 [SRH1230007362] 1868-1877
Minutes
1878-1903
Parts one and two
box
2F330 [SRH1230007368] Part three
Red River Presbytery, Texas, minutes, 1874-1883
San Antonio Presbytery, Texas, minutes
1890-1896
1896-1900
box
2F331 [SRH1230007369] Trinity Presbytery, Texas, minutes, 1846-1862
White Rock Presbytery, Texas, minutes
1854-1881
box
2F332 [SRH1230007370] 1881-1892
box
2R154 [SRH1230011330] Minutes of the McGregor, Texas, Church, 1883-1914
box
2F332 [SRH1230007370] II. Presbyterian Church in the United States
Synod of Missouri, minutes
Volume I, part I, 1843-1855
Volume I, part II, 1856-1868
box
2F333 [SRH1230007371] Volume II, parts I and II, 1868-1880
Volume III, part I, 1880-1890
box
2F334 [SRH1230007372] Volume III, parts II and part III, 1880-1890
Synod of Texas
Minutes, 1851-1872
box
2F335 [SRH1230007373] Minutes of sessions, parts I and II, 1866-1871
Records, parts I and II, 1872-1889
box
2F336 [SRH1230007374] Minutes, 1890-1892
Presbytery of Austin, Texas, minutes
1868-1896
box
2F337 [SRH1230007375] 1895-1907
Presbytery of Brazos, Texas, minutes
1840-1861
box
2F338 [SRH1230007376] 1861-1879
box
2F339 [SRH1230007377] 1880-1893
Parts one and two, 1893-1901
box
2F340 [SRH1230007378] Presbytery of Central Texas, minutes
Volume I, 1854-1864
Volume II, 1865-1872
Volume III, 1872-1877
Volume IV, 1878-1882
box
2F341 [SRH1230007379] Volume V, parts I and II, 1882-1889
Volume VI, Parts I and II, 1889-1893
box
2F342 [SRH1230007380] Volume VI, part III, 1895-1897
Eastern Texas Presbytery, minutes
Volume I, 1851-1862
Volume II, 1861-1866
Volume V, part I, 1879-1883
box
2F343 [SRH1230007381] Volume V, parts II and III, 1883-1888
Presbytery of Trinity, Texas, minutes
Part I, 1878-1888
box
2F344 [SRH1230007382] Part II, 1889-1897
1896-1906
Presbytery of Western Texas, minutes
1851-1871
box
2F345 [SRH1230007383] 1872-1889
box
2F346 [SRH1230007399] 1890-1902
box
2F347 [SRH1230007433] 1902-1910
III. Municipal Presbyterian Church Records
Records of the Presbyterian Church
Chappel Hill, Texas, 1872-1886
Centerville, Texas, 1852-1877
box
2F348 [SRH1230007434] Center Ridge, Dallas County, Alabama, volumes I and II, 1842-1911
Independence, Texas, 1839-1886
La Grange, Texas, 1848-1876
Victoria, Texas, 1848-1876
Washington, Texas, 1846-1888
Minutes of session of the Hugh Wilson Church, fall meeting of the Presbytery of Central Texas, 1877
Trinity Presbyterian Church, Dallas, Texas, September 2007
First Presbyterian Church, College Station, Texas
Clippings, 1957
Reports, 1936-1945, 1958-1963
box
2R154 [SRH1230011330] Records of the Presbyterian Church, Huntsville, Texas, March 10, 1918-August 2, 1925

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