Texas Archival Resources Online

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Descriptive Summary

Historical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Separated Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Research Material, Ruth Allen

Subject classified files on labor

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Labor Movement in Texas Collection, 1845-1954



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Allen, Ruth Alice, 1889-1979
Title: Labor Movement in Texas collection
Dates: 1845-1954
Abstract: Documents resulting from research begun in 1936 by Economics Professor Ruth Allen (1889-1979) into the history of organized labor in Texas.
Identification: urn:taro:utexas.cah.01297
Extent: 4.58 linear feet
Language: English .
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin

Historical Note

The collection was created as a result of the research of Ruth Alice Allen, University of Texas professor of economics, 1923-1959, who was a pioneer in researching the history of labor in Texas and the economic status of women. Allen died in 1979.

Source: Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Allen, Ruth Alice," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/AA/fal59.html (accessed October 15, 2009).

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Scope and Contents

Documents include correspondence, transcripts, newspaper clippings, newsletters, notes, interviews and manuscripts resulting from research begun in 1936 under Bureau of Research in Social Sciences, University of Texas, by Economics Professor Ruth Allen (1889-1979) into the history of organized labor in Texas. The bulk of the collection covers three industries: railroad, with an emphasis on the 1886 Southwest Rail Strike and leader Martin Irons; longshore, predominantly early union organizing in Galveston, Gulf Coast strikes (1885-1939), and maritime organizations; and oil, including the organizing of Houston-area refineries. The papers also document the organizing of paper industry workers in Pasadena by United Mine Workers of America and of clothing workers in Dallas, Houston, and San Antonio by International Ladies Garment Workers' Union; the Knights of Labor in Texas, Kansas, and Missouri; coal miners' strike in Thurber; Mexican-American pecan-shellers and clothing workers; and Texas 1930s political turmoil around labor issues.

The collection is organized in two series: Research Materials, Ruth Allen and Subject Classified Files, Labor. The latter is divided into four subseries: Occupations, Labor Groups, Cities, and Political Affairs. The papers are arranged by amount, then chronologically or alphabetically.

Source: Kielman, Chester V., comp. and ed., The University of Texas Archives. Austin: University of Texas, 1967, p. 213.

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Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.

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Index Terms

Personal Names
Allen, Ruth Alice, 1889-1979
Irons, Martin, 1827-1900
Corporate Names
International Association of Oil Field, Gas Well, and Refinery Workers of America
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union�
International Longshoremen's Association
Knights of labor
Oil Workers International Union
United mine workers of America
Subjects
Clothing workers--Labor unions
Cowboys
Economics
Labor unions
Labor unions, Black
Labor unions--Social aspects
Mexican Americans
Miners--Labor unions
Oil industry workers
Paper industry workers--Labor unions
Petroleum workers--Labor unions
Railroads--Employees
Railroads--Employees--Labor unions
Stevedores--Labor unions
Strikes and lockouts
Workers' monuments
Places
Galveston
Houston
Texas
United States
West Texas

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Related Materials

See also Ruth Alice Allen Papers, 1943-1946, 1971, 1973.

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Separated Material

Some material from this collection was routed to the Texas Newspaper Collection and the Texas History Collection for more appropriate disposition.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Labor Movement in Texas Collection, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Accession Number(s)

1946

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Research Material, Ruth Allen

box
2E301 [SRH1230006398] Correspondence
Alvin Scaff, 1936-1937
General, 1936-1947
El Paso Public Library newspaper references, 1883-1935
Student papers, 1936
Progress reports, 1937, undated
Summary, 1940
Notes and lists, undated

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Subject classified files on labor

box
2E301 [SRH1230006398] Occupations
Railroad workers
Martin Irons and Southwest Strike of 1886
Martin Irons
General correspondence (includes Ameringer, Parmley, and Widner letters), 1936-1940
Leads in Texas on Irons, 1936-1937, notes, undated
Fred Barr, correspondence, 1937-1941
E. T. Behrens, correspondence, 1938-1940
F. X. Holl
Correspondence, 1937-1941
Ephemera, 1888, 1933
box
2E302 [SRH1230006431] James Irons
Correspondence, 1937-1940
Notes, undated
Charles W. Maier
Correspondence, 1937-1940
Essay, undated
Missouri Historical Society, correspondence, 1937-1940
T. V. Powderly
Correspondence, 1938-1940
Writings, 1886-1891
Prosecution
Correspondence, 1938-1939
Court records, 1886-1895
Wade Shurtleff
Correspondence, 1940
Railway Clerk , 1935
C. W. Woodman
Correspondence, 1937-1941
Letter book, 1910-1913
Writings by Irons, undated, undated
Newspaper reports
General, 1886
Missouri newspapers, 1886
New York Times , 1886
Notes, undated, undated
Death tributes, 1900-1911
Southwest Strike, 1886
General topics
(carbons)
box
2E302 [SRH1230006431] Correspondence, 1938-1939
G. A. Hoehn
Correspondence, 1940
Program, 1937
History, 1940
box
2.325/D35c [SRH1230000833] Newspaper reports
Clippings, negative photostats, 1882-1889
box
2E302 [SRH1230006431] General topics, 1884-1886
box
2E303 [SRH1230006441] General topics, 1884-1886
(carbons)
Attempt at arbitration, 1886
W. E. Farmer, 1886
Jay Gould, 1882-1886
C. A. Hall case, 1886
Law and Order Leagues, 1886
The Nation, 1886
Strikers, 1886
Wire-tapping case, 1886
Related works
Transcripts, 1886-1938
Magazine article, 1914
Adjutant General's report, 1886
J. S. Hogg, correspondence, 1889-1890
Notes, undated, undated
Court cases
General
Correspondence, 1939-1940
Court records, 1886-1889
Newspaper reports, 1886
Dallas, Texas
Correspondence, 1939
Court records, 1886-1887
Newspaper reports, 1886
Jefferson, Texas
Correspondence, 1938-1940
Resolution, 1885
Newspaper reports, 1886
Palestine, Texas
Correspondence, 1938-1941
Newspaper reports, 1886
Waco, Murray and Anthony vs. the State of Texas, newspaper reports, court records, 1886
Railroad Brotherhoods
Letter ("L. & N. R. R. vs. J. J. Hogan"), 1894
Notes, 1934
Newspaper clippings, 1938-1939
History, undated
Longshore workers
Correspondence, 1936-1941
box
2E304 [SRH1230006451] Union organizing, 1866-1910
Lists, notes, undated
Manuscript drafts, undated
Negro Longshoremen
Speech, 1935
Essay, 1936
Manuscript draft, undated
Strikes
Strike of, 1885
Chronology, (1885-1935), undated
Manuscript draft, undated
Mallory Line Strike of, 1898
Newspaper reports, 1898
Manuscript drafts, undated
Galveston Strike of 1917, notes, undated
Galveston Coastwise Strike of 1920, notes, undated
Strike of 1930-1931, notes, undated
Strike of, 1934
Proceedings, 1934
Notes, undated
Strike of 1935, notes, draft, undated
Corpus Christi Dock Strike of 1935, depositions, 1935
National Maritime Union "shell" strike of 1937, newspaper clippings, 1937
National Maritime Union Strike of, 1939
Letter, 1941
Newspaper clippings, February-May, 1939
box
2E305 [SRH1230006412] Newspaper clippings, June 1939
Conditions of work, 1892-1936, notes, undated
Sabine District, 1897-1937
Newspaper references, 1937
Notes, manuscript drafts, undated, undated
Galveston Dock and Marine Council jurisdictional dispute, 1913-1920, notes, undated
Port Arthur and Texas City lockout, 1914-1915, manuscript draft, undated
"Longshoremen in Texas, 1914-1923," essay, notes, undated
Open Port Bill of, 1920
Statutes, 1925
Notes, 1936
Houston standard of living study, 1932-1933
Notebooks, 1932-1933
Lists, 1932
box
2E306 [SRH1230006422] Newspaper clippings, 1937-1939
International Longshoremen's Association (I.L.A.)
District conventions
Minutes, 1911-1930
Program, 1937
Women and the I.L.A., 1931-1936, 1931-1936
Interview, 1936
Notes, undated
Racial conflicts
Interviews, circa 1936
Notes, undated
General
Interviews, 1936
Notes, undated
Locals
Leaflet, 1935
List and notes, undated
Local 1350 controversy
Correspondence, 1938
Newspaper clippings, 1938
National Labor Relations Board (N.L.R.B.) ruling, 1940
International Seamen's Union
Contract, 1934
Report, leaflets, bulletin, 1936
Marine Engineers' Beneficial Association
Printed material, 1935-1936
Newspaper reports, 1936
N.L.R.B. rulings, 1936
National Maritime Union
Constitution, 1936
N.L.R.B. rulings, 1937-1940
Newsletters, 1939
box
2.325/D35c [SRH1230000833] The Pilot, March 31, 1939
box
2E306 [SRH1230006422] Ship Channel Progressive Committee
Leaflets, 1936
Newsletters ( Ship Channel)
(photocopies):
April-May 1936
box
2E307 [SRH1230006432] June 1936-April 1937
Marine Transport Workers, Industrial Workers of the World
Newsletters, 1935-1936
box
2.325/D35c [SRH1230000833] Flyer, "Industrial Union Manifesto", undated
box
2E307 [SRH1230006432] Maritime Federation
Constitution, undated
Interviews, notes, 1936
Communist activity
Newsletters ( Red Trade Unionist), 1935-1936
Bulletins, 1936
C.I.O. Maritime Committee, brochures, 1937, undated
Maritime Labor Board
Correspondence, 1940-1941
Reports, 1940
International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union (Pacific Coast), court records, 1940-1941
box
2E308 [SRH1230006442] Oil workers
Correspondence, 1936-1941
Contract, 1936
Interviews, notes, 1936-1938
Reports, 1939
Leaflet, undated
Arthur J. Mandell
Correspondence, 1937-1939
Newspaper clippings, 1938
Newspaper reports
Transcripts, 1917-1938
Newspaper clippings, 1937-1939
N.L.R.B. cases
Newspaper clippings, 1937-1938
Rulings, 1938-1940
Clothing workers
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (I.L.G.W.U.)
Interviews, notes, 1936
Newsletters, 1936-1937
N.L.R.B. rulings, 1936, 1940
Brochures and leaflets, 1936-1940
Speech, 1940
box
2.325/D35c [SRH1230000833] Brochure, I.L.G.W.U. Educational Department
box
2E308 [SRH1230006442] Newspaper clippings, 1936-1941
Hatters, Cap and Millinery Workers vs. Dallas Millinery Manufacturers, newspaper clippings, 1937
Mine workers
United Mine Workers of America (U.M.W.A.)
Correspondence (includes Gomer Gower letters), 1937-1941
Newspaper reports, 1903-1910
Notes, undated
Thurber Miners' Strike
Newspaper reports, 1903-1940
box
2.325/D35c [SRH1230000833] Articles, United Mine Workers' Journal, September-October, 1903
box
2E309 [SRH1230006452] Granite Workers, Capitol Syndicate case
Correspondence, 1938-1939
Newspaper reports, 1885-1894
Court records, 1885-1886
Manuscript, Chapters in the History of Organized Labor in Texas, Chapter V
Paper workers, U.M.W.A. District 50
Newsletters, circa 1940
Flyers, 1941
box
2.325/D35c [SRH1230000833] Broadside, "Statement by Bill Reedy", undated
(2 copies)
box
2E309 [SRH1230006452] Automobile workers, Ford anti-union activities
Newspaper clippings, 1937-1938
box
2.325/D35c [SRH1230000833] Newspaper, Rockford UAW-CIO Advocator, January 1, 1949
box
2E309 [SRH1230006452] Cowboys
Correspondence, 1938-1942
Newspaper reports, 1883-1886
Notes and essay, undated
Farm workers, report, 1949
Hotel and restaurant workers, newspaper clippings, 1939-1940
Shrimp workers
Newspaper clippings, 1938-1939
Notes, undated
Typographical workers, newspaper clippings, 1938-1939
Labor Groups
American Federation of Labor (A.F.L.)
Letter, 1937
List, 1938
Newspaper clippings, 1938-1939
Constitution, 1941
Congress of Industrial Organizations (C.I.O.)
Newspaper clippings, 1938
Speech, 1940
box
2.325/D35c [SRH1230000833] News sheet, Federal Organizer, vol. 1, no. 3, September 17, 1937
box
2E309 [SRH1230006452] Mexican-American workers
Correspondence, 1932-1940
Interviews, 1936
Newspaper clippings, 1937-1939
Press release, 1940
Narratives and notes, undated
Texas Knights of Labor
Newspaper reports, 1885-1896
Interview, 1938
box
2E189 [SRH1230006138] Texas State Federation of Labor
Constitution, 1937
Membership list, undated
Newspaper reports
Transcripts, 1889-1892
Clippings, 1937-1939
Convention materials, 1903-1949
Interviews and notes, 1936
Form letters, circulars, brochures, 1936-1949
box
2.325/D35c [SRH1230000833] Report, Credential Committee, 40th convention, May 17, 1937
folder
2.325/OD11 Poster, "1946 Political Bulletin"
box
2E189 [SRH1230006138] Workers' Alliance
Newspaper clippings, 1937-1938
Flyers, undated
Cities
Austin
Newspaper reports
Transcripts, 1884-1886
Clippings, 1938
Dallas
Chronology (1889-1936), undated
Interview, circa 1936
Newspaper clippings, 1937-1938
Dallas Exposition
Correspondence, 1948
Study, newspaper clipping, 1938
Fort Worth, newspaper clippings, 1937-1938
Galveston
Interview, circa 1936
Newspaper reports
Transcripts, 1886-1898
Clippings, 1939
Harlingen, newspaper clippings, 1938-1939
Houston
Civil Service, newspaper clippings, 1938-1939
Harris County Association for Industrial Peace, newsletter, 1941
Teamsters
Letter, 1940
Newspaper clippings, 1937-1940
San Antonio
Correspondence, 1940
Newspaper clippings, 1938
Department of Labor ruling, 1939
Political Affairs
Child labor law, bulletins, 1941-1943
Firemen's Pay Law, newspaper clippings, 1938-1939
Labor and politics, miscellaneous issues
Newspaper clippings, 1937-1939, 1954
Newsletters, 1941-1944
box
2E94 [SRH1230006070] Labor bills in Texas Legislature, abstracts, 1845-1904
National Labor Relations Act, movement for revision
Newspaper clippings, 1938-1939
Form letter, 1939
Open shop movement
General
Correspondence, 1949
box
2.325/D35c [SRH1230000833] Financial records, Open Shop Association of Beaumont, 1919-1926
Article, "A Strike Against Strikes," Saturday Evening Post, January 24, 1920
box
2E94 [SRH1230006070] Notes, undated
Citizens' organizations, notes, undated
Dallas
Todes' photostats, 1920, undated
Newspaper clippings, 1937-1949
San Antonio, by-laws, 1919
Sherman, correspondence and narrative, 1940
Poll tax
Brochures, 1942, undated
Leaflets, 1943, undated
Form letters, undated
box
2.325/D35c [SRH1230000833] Broadside, "Statement of One Hundred Southern Women", August 26, 1940
box
2E94 [SRH1230006070] Public opinion
Editorials, 1937-1938
Articles, Sam Barton, 1940, undated
Regulation of trade unions
Correspondence, 1938-1939
Form letters, 1936
Pamphlets, 1937
Articles, 1938-1939, undated
Relief and labor, newspaper clippings, 1938-1939
Sit-down strikes, newspaper clippings, 1937-1938
Texas Labor Legislative Board
Membership list, 1889-1908
Statutes, 1925
Newspaper clippings, 1938-1941
Welfare capitalism, newspaper clippings, 1937-1938
Workers' defense organizations
Form letter, 1936
Newspaper clippings, 1937-1939
Brochure, undated
Fragile materials
(photocopies in original locations)

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