TABLE OF CONTENTS
A Guide to the Harry Truman Collection, 1945-1948
John T. Gorham was a member of President Harry S. Truman’s secret service team in 1945.
Harry S. Truman (1884-1972) was the 33rd President of the United States (1945-1953). He succeeded Franklin Roosevelt as President in April 1945 after serving just three months as the 34th Vice President. Truman was born May 8, 1884 in Lamar, Missouri. During World War I, he served as an artillery officer stationed in France. Following the war, Truman married Bess Wallace in 1919 and had one child, Mary Margaret. He was elected a judge of the County Court of Jackson County in 1922, before serving as a U.S. Senator for Missouri, 1935-1945. Truman’s two terms as president were eventful in both foreign and domestic affairs, which included the end of World War II, the decision to use nuclear weapons against Japan, the founding of the United Nations and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Korean War, the passage of the Taft-Hartley Act, and his Fair Deal Program. Truman died on December 5, 1972 after suffering complications from pneumonia.
The Harry Truman Collection, 1945-1948, created by secret service agent John T. Gorham, contains 15 black and white photographs of Truman, a telephone directory prepared for Truman’s trip to Mexico in 1947, and a souvenir airline certificate signed by Truman. The photographs show Truman smiling with Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference in 1945 and Truman riding with Winston Churchill in Fulton, Missouri, on the occasion of Churchill’s “Sinews of Peace” speech, 1946. Furthermore, in the photographs Truman can be seen touring Los Angeles, Fort Worth, and Chicago, as well as attending the Army-Navy Football Game in Philadelphia, December 1, 1945.
Harry Truman Collection, 1945-1948, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
This collection was processed by Megan Mummey, July 2009.