University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

A Guide to the William Preston Longley Papers, 1875-1878, 1934, 1936

Descriptive Summary

Creator Longley, William Preston
Title William Preston Longley Papers,
Dates: 1875-1878, 1934, 1936
Extent 2 in.
Language Materials are written in English.
Repository Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas

Biographical Note

William Preston Longley, the outlaw known as "Wild Bill" Longley, was born in Texas on October 6, 1851. He allegedly murdered 32 individuals and committed other crimes in five Texas counties as well as in Cheyenne, Wyoming Territory. He escaped prison several time before being hanged in Giddings, Texas, on October 11, 1878, for the murder of Wilson Anderson, who had killed his cousin.

Scope and Contents

Papers contain correspondence of William Preston "Wild Bill" Longley, principally with his brother Jim and his parents after Bill was sentenced to hang for murder. The letters deal especially with Bill's religious convictions. Also included is a transcript of a legal document in the case of the state of Texas vs. William P. Longley. The collection contains Jim Longley's autobiographical account of the escapades that occurred on a journey with his outlaw brother north from Lee County to Grayson County, Texas, in 1874-1875, during which Jim witnessed the murder of Wilson Anderson for which Bill was later hanged.



Arranged chronologically.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Anderson, Wilson
Longley, James Stockton, 1858-1938
Longley, William Preston, b. 1851--Archives
Walton, William Martin, 1832-1915
Outlaws--Texas--19th century
Lee County (Tex.)--History--Sources

Related Material

See also the Lucie Clift Price Papers held by the Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin .

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

William Preston Longley Papers, 1875-1878, 1934, 1936, Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Description of the Papers

2D253 Correspondence, autobiographical sketch, and legal document arranged chronologically, 1875-1878, 1934, 1936