Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Accession Numbers

OCLC Number

Description of Series

Inventory

University of Texas, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Ashbel Smith Papers, 1823-1926



Creator Smith, Ashbel, 1805-1886
Title: Ashbel Smith papers
Dates: 1823-1926
Abstract: Ashbel Smith Papers, 1823-1926, include correspondence, letter books, speeches, publications, official records, clippings, and photographs documenting the career of the physician, statesman, and educator.
Identification: urn:taro:utexas.cah.00362
Extent: 14.6 linear feet
Language: Materials are written in English.
Repository: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Biographical Note

A native of Hartford, Connecticut, Ashbel Smith was born on August 13, 1805. His formal education included bachelors and masters degrees from Yale University, as well as an M.D. from the same university in 1828. Smith continued his education in Paris before settling down to establish a practice in Salisbury, North Carolina. By 1836, he moved to Texas and quickly became a close acquaintance of Sam Houston, earning the post of Surgeon General with the Republic of Texas army.

Houston also employed Smith as an aide in Texas' relations with England, France, Mexico, and other foreign powers. In the 1840s, Smith worked to have Texas recognized by Mexico as an independent nation, a position that proved unpopular with Texans seeking annexation with the United States. Nonetheless, after Texas finally joined the United States he served three terms in the Texas state legislature. He fought in the Mexican War of 1846 and was a Confederate officer during the Civil War, suffering a wound to his arm at Shiloh.

Smith never abandoned his vocation as a doctor and was instrumental in treating those afflicted by yellow fever in Galveston in 1839 and went on to write a respected work on the epidemic. He helped to found the Texas Medical Association and served as the organization's president in the early 1880s. Smith also fought for public education in Texas and late in life worked to establish the University of Texas, which was founded in 1883. He served on the University of Texas Board of Regents and worked to attract top instructors from around the United States. Ashbel Smith died January 21, 1886.

Source:

Elizabeth Silverthrone. "Smith, Ashbel." Handbook of Texas Online.

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Scope and Contents

Ashbel Smith Papers, 1823-1926, include correspondence, letter books, speeches, publications, official records, clippings, and photographs documenting Smith's long career in medicine, diplomacy, business, and public and higher education.

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Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions on this collection. Publisher is responsible for complying with copyright law.

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Index Terms

Personal Names
Borden, Gail, 1801-1874
Smith, Ashbel, 1805-1886
Corporate Names
Texas. Legislature
Texas. Secretary of State
University of Texas. Board of Regents.
Subjects
Medicine
Places
Texas

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Related Materials

For additional manuscript material, see also:

Texas Authors Manuscript Collection

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Ashbel Smith Papers, 1823-1926, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Processing Information

The Ashbel Smith papers were processed by Briscoe Center staff. Subsequent processing by Evan Hocker, May 2005, and Colleen Hobbs, November 2020.

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Accession Numbers

1920; 63-136; 64-133; 70-119; 72-134; 93-035; 95-213; 2008-253; 2012-290; 2015-134

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OCLC Number

70706481

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Inventory

Correspondence
box
2G219 [SRH1230007863] 1823-1835
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2.325/T63b [SRH1230002394] 1826
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2G220 [SRH1230007864] 1836-1838
box
2B37 [SRH1230005479] 1839
box
2G221 [SRH1230007865] 1840-1842
box
2G222 [SRH1230007867] 1843-1847
box
2G223 [SRH1230007868] 1848-1854
box
2G224 [SRH1230007869] July-December, 1855, 1856-1864
box
2G225 [SRH1230007870] 1865-1875, January-June, 1876
box
2G226 [SRH1230007871] July-December, 1876, 1877, 1878, January-March, 1879
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2G227 [SRH1230007872] April-December, 1879, 1880, 1881, January-April, 1882
box
2G228 [SRH1230007873] May-December, 1882, 1883, January-June, 1884
box
4A227a [SRH1230025518] Photocopies, May 1883 - June 1884
box
2G229 [SRH1230007923] Undated letters and fragments, July 1884-December 1884, 1885, August 1889-October, 1889, 1904-1926
box
2.325/D33d [SRH1230000828] Letters, January 1885-May 1885
Letters, August 1889 to October 1889
Letters: 1904-1926;, 1904-1926
Letters and Fragments (3 folders), undated
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2G230 [SRH1230007924] Undated letters and fragments
Letter books to Henry Barnard, 1831-1838
Letter books, business, May-December, 1838
January-September, 1839
September, 1839 - May, 1840
Business, June-December, 1840
March-July, 1842
Letter press
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2G231 [SRH1230007925] July-November, 1842
November, 1842 - September, 1843
November, 1842 - July, 1844
October, 1843 - November, 1844
Letter book, December, 1844 - August, 1845
Letter press
box
2G232 [SRH1230007926] October, 1843 - March, 1845
August, 1844 - September, 1847
August, 1845 - May, 1846
November, 1847 - July, 1851
Letter books
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2G232 [SRH1230007926] October, 1863 - February, 1865
March - June, 1865
August, 1867 - February, 1874
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2G233 [SRH1230007927] February, 1874 - September, 1875
December, 1876-1882
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2G234 [SRH1230007928] Journal, 1832-1857
Weather diary of Houston and Galveston, 1838-1839
Genealogical notes and biographical sketches
Note books
Legal papers
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2G235 [SRH1230007929] Contracts
Certificates
Affidavits
Appointments
Powers of Attorney
Permissions and oaths
Miscellaneous
Business papers
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2G235 [SRH1230007929] Bills of sale
Receipts
Invoices
Medical sales ledger
Evergreen plantation purchase ledger
Military order books
Military order books
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2G236 [SRH1230007930] December 1863
February 1864
Military orders and reports
Treaties
Resolutions, bills, and acts
Notes on Texas
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2G236 [SRH1230007930] History
Agriculture
Industry
Foreign affairs
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2G237 [SRH1230007931] Speeches
Published works and essays
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2.325/D34d [SRH1230000832] Published works and essays
Paper on the history of the Republic of Texas
Imprints
Clippings
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2G237 [SRH1230007931] Clippings
Printed material
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2G238 [SRH1230007932] Miscellaneous
Papers
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2R179 [SRH1230011902] Letter book one
Letter book two
Letter press, May 6-December 29, 1838
Letter book
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2R180 [SRH1230011901] June 8-September 26, 1839
September 28, 1839-may 22, 1840
June 24-December 20, 1840
Letters of Ashbel Smith to Sam Houston
Papers
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2R181 [SRH1230011911] 1830-June 1833
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2R182 [SRH1230011912] August-December, 1838
undated letters
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3C63 [SRH1230015479] Correspondence of A. Smith and John G. Bowers, 1845-1883
box
3L398 [SRH1230018391] Scrapbook
volume
4L261 Confederate States, Trans-Mississippi Department, correspondence and circulars, 1863-1865
volume
4L262 Confederate States, Trans-Mississippi Department, correspondence and circulars, 1863-1865
volume
4L263 Dispatch book, legation at Paris
volume
4L234 Scrapbook
Portraits
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3S180 [SRH1230021894] Marquis de Pastoret, 1838
[John Lindley?], 1849
Alphonse de Saligny, undated
Portrait of Ashbel Smith by Tom Lea, 1974
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3S176 [SRH1230021893] Commissions, appointments, passports, diplomas, and certificates, circa 1824-circa 1883
Certificate appointing Smith to the University of Texas Board of Regents, signed by Gov. John Ireland, 1885
folder
OD1281 Passport of Ashbel Smith, Charge d'Affairs of the Republic of Texas, March-April 1844
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3T112 [SRH1230027299] Photograph of London residence
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3B30 [SRH1230015046] Typescripts, letters from Sam Houston to Ashbel Smith, 1841-1843
Letter press book, July-November, 1842
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2G233 [SRH1230007927] Dr. Mires Stampless collection of letters and covers concerning the life of Ashbel Smith, 1836-1857

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