University of Texas Arlington

Plummer Family Papers:

A Guide

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Plummer Family.,
Title: Plummer Family Papers
Dates: 1754-1884
Dates (Bulk): 1830-1861
Abstract: The Plummer Family Papers contain correspondence, land grants, petitions, writs, bills of sale, and other materials that document the activities of members of the Plummer family, several of whom resided in Texas beginning from the 1830's.
Identification: GA10
Extent: 1 box (0.4 linear ft.)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries

Biographical Note

The Plummer family was large and traveled extensively. They lived in several states throughout the South as well as Texas from approximately 1836. Samuel A. Plummer was an attorney and business partner of Mirabeau B. Lamar, President of Texas from 1838-1841. His business interests took him from Washington, D.C. to Austin, Texas. Joseph E. Plummer, Sr., was a surveyor, land trader and Collector of the Port of Aransas. He built the first residence at Copano, Texas. Samuel and Joseph worked hard to bring their mother and Joseph's children from Alabama to Texas in the 1830's. Due to the invasion of Texas by the Mexicans in 1842, plans apparently changed. Correspondence between Joseph and his son from 1851-1860 reveal that the father had become the proprietor of a sugar plantation near Donaldsonville, Louisiana. Joseph Jr. immigrated to Copano, Texas in the 1850's from Memphis, Tennessee to claim his father's land.

Scope and Contents

The Plummer Family Papers consist primarily of correspondence between family members from 1794 through 1861. A variety of legal documents and printed material dating from 1754 through 1884 are included. Land grants, petitions, writs, an illustrated catalog, bills of sale and a speech comprise the bulk of this additional material. The entire collection is arranged chronologically. [The first six folders were processed at an earlier time which accounts for stylistic differences.]

There are several letters from Joseph F. Smith, A Texas landowner and attorney, from 1855-1861 regarding his efforts to legally claim title to the land at Copano for the Plummers. Smith was eventually successful in getting laws enacted to resurvey lands not correctly or permanently designated.

Correspondence of unknown origin or relationship to the Plummers is scattered throughout the collection. Among them is a series of letters from William Henderson, a student at Emory and Henry College in Virginia to his parents (1842-1844). Another series is love letters from D. C. Freeman, Jr., in Texas, to his wife in Kentucky in 1860.


Materials are arranged in chronological order.



Open for research.

Index Terms

These materials are indexed under the following headings in the catalog of The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Plummer family--Archives.
Plummer, Francis W.--Archives.
Plummer, Joseph E. (Joseph Elton), 1798-1859--Archives.
Plummer, Joseph E. (Joseph Elton), 1830-1883--Archives.
Plummer, Mary, 1790-1848.
Plummer, Mary K., 1790-1848.
Plummer, Samuel A.--Archives.
Henderson, Mary K.--Archives.
Henderson, William--Archives.
Freeman, D. C.--Archives.
Freeman, Mollie.
Smith, Joseph F.--Archives.
Texas--History--Republic, 1836-1846--Sources.
Frontier and pioneer life--Texas--Sources.
Refugio County (Tex.)--History--Sources.
Alternate Titles
Historical Manuscript Collection

Related Material

For more information about the Plummer Family, Joseph F. Smith, and the settling of Copano, see: Hobart Huson's Refugio: A Comprehensive History of Refugio County from Aboriginal Times to 1955, The Guardsman Publishing Company, Houston, Texas, 1953, 1955 (F392, R45, H76, v. 1-2).

For copies of Samuel A. and Joseph E. Plummer's letters to Lamar see: The Papers of Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar, edited by Charles A. Gulick, Jr., Texas State Library, 1921 (F390, L19, 1921, v. 1-6). See also: El Copano: Ancient Port of Bexar and La Bahia by Hobart Huson for a history of the Plummer Family as well as a map of the Plummer Survey, and photographs.

Administrative Information


Plummer Family Papers, GA10, Box Number, Folder Number, Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Libraries.


Gift of Jenkins Garrett, 1974.

Administrative Information

Grant Support

The retrospective updating and conversion of this finding aid was supported with funds from the National Historical Publications & Records Commission (NHPRC) for the Special Collections "Documenting Democracy: Access to Historical Records" project, 2014-2015.

Container List

1 1754 - 1799
(5 items)
Peter Leigh, Chief Justice of Court at "Charles Town," to Provost Marshal of South Carolina 13 []er, 1754.
Writ authorizes selection of 30 men by ballot to serve in an assembly to determine damages sustained by Robert [], plaintiff, who had been awarded judgment by a Court of Common Pleas in "Charles Town"; findings of the assembly are to be returned to the Court.
MsD, 31.8 × 19.7 cm. Ms notes, "South Carolina" at top left margin, "P. Leigh" at upper quarter left margin, and signature "J. Leigh" at bottom left margin. Ink has stained paper where sheet was folded vertically. Sealing wax between top two Ms. notes. Reverse: Ms. note on left side, "[] Writ of Inquiry" top center and signature "J. Leigh" at center. Document is brown with age.
James Jamieson to Messrs. Curson Seton, Merchants in New York 11 June, 1774.
The letter expresses thanks for good wishes, quotes the current price for rice, the expected number of London trading vessels, and asks that courtesies be extended to Edward Simons, Jamieson's brother-in-law, while visiting in New York.
Als, 19.4 × 24.5 cm. as folded. Opens to 38.4 × 24.3 cm., 1 vertical fold. Paper has had at least 2 horizontal and 2 vertical folds previously, and there is faint discoloration along fold lines. Red wax is at center right side of page. Reverse: Ms. note, James Jamieson, Charles Town So. Carolina, the 11 June, 1774, Received the 9 September, 1774, Answered the []" and "To Messrs. Curson Seton, Merchants in New York, Favored by E. Simons." Letter is brown with age.
William Burrows, Ordinary of the Colony of South Carolina 6 March 1778,
assigning to Matthew Whitfield duties of administrator for estate of Ann Whitfield of St. Stephen's Parish. S/Wm. Nisbett.
D, 18.8 × 27.8 cm., 4 horizontal folds. Ms. note at bottom of page, "Recorded in Book A Page 288." Brown circular stain top left of page. Reverse: Ms. note, "Letters Testamentary of Administration of the Estate of Ann Whitfield to Matt. Whitfield."
Andrew E. Wells to Joseph Plummer, Scriven County 5 Sept., 179[].
Personal letter to his brother (in-law?), in which he discusses personal matters, weather, and crops. He includes a request for 2 lb. of "Buck Shoot" to kill night-roaming deer.
Als. 21.3 × 24 cm., 2 horizontal, 2 vertical folds. Paper damaged by high-acid ink. Also acid transfer of ink from front page to next page. Reverse: "Mr. Joseph Plummer, By the Bearer [], Bryan County." Red wax left side.
Customs Clearance for the Sloop Sophia to land at Port Middletown with a cargo of molasses, sugar, trunks, boxes, baggage, stores and rum, and requesting bonds, 13 May, 1799. S/[], Collector.
Pf, 19 × 16.7 cm., 3 vertical folds.

2 1800 - 1829
(5 items)
C. Richardson to Joseph E. Plummer 13 December, 1805.
Letter written to her brother from Tuscumbia states that the writer had received a sum of money with a letter; writer reports on the health and behavior of his children who have been entrusted to her care. She will refuse an offer to take charge of La Fayette Female Academy.
Als, 19.8 × 25.8 cm. as folded. Opens to 39.4 × 25.8 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Reverse: "Mr. Joseph E. Plummer, Natches, Miss." with figure "18 3/4" written on right above address. Red postmark, "Tuscumbia, Ala., Dec. 17" to left above address. Red wax on right side of right-hand inside page as folded.
G. R. to Messrs. Coddington and Thorp, 5th September, 1814, Washington.
Letter of inquiry to the agents for a schooner in which he informs the agents that he has received certain instructions from a Captain Hearty for a charter trip which he (Hearty) could not pay for; writer settled for half the debt, the schooner Snall to serve as security. Writer refers the cost of towing and ship repairs to agents. On inside right-hand page he quotes exact wording of captain's instructions to him and his own note to Captain Hearty.
Als, 20 × 32 cm., as folded. Opens to 40 × 32 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Over: "Messrs. Coddington and Thorp, Merchants, Broad St., N. Y." Return address: "Washington, D. C., Sept. []." The figure "25" is written on the right above the address. Red sealing wax is on right side right inside page.
G. R. to Messrs. Coddington and Thorp, 10th Sept., 1814, Washington.
A letter from "R. H." is quoted, in which he states that the reason for his failure to execute a voyage on the schooner Snall was blockade of U. S. ports and lack of funds. Writer requests empowerment to proceed and recommends that any transaction beneficial to the schooner's owner be taken, including sale. Second page of letter states that G. R. has not heard from "H" since the 24th of June, and that the capitol was burned by the enemy. He makes certain that agents understand who broke the charter and states that his confinement was miserable. Some distance below wax the words "Assimulated Papers [] Curtis Conn []" occur in the letter.
Als, 20.1 × 25.1 cm. as folded. Opens to 40.2 × 25.1 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Over: "Messrs. Coddington and Thorp, Ninth and Broad Street, New York. Return address, "Washington, D. C., Sept. 10th." Figure "25" appears in script at postage spot.
These figures are written in pencil on back: 2500/1250 2/2500
Red wax is on right side right inside page.
George Rollins to Messrs. Coddington and Thorp 28th Oct., 1814,
Washington, D. C. Letter acknowledges receipt of a letter of empowerment. Vessel was at "B" five months and eight days and was badly worm-eaten. He reports on the repairs necessary to the schooner. He suggests her worth to be $1000 apart from repairs, despite ransom of $3000 allegedly paid to captors, but he doubts accuracy of latter figure. Below the signature a perpendicular note lists the stores taken from the Snall by the captors. Beef, pork, tea, sugar, butter, cheese, liquor, potatoes, onions were nearly gone when Rollins was allowed to return on board. There is also a list of all the parts of the ship that had to be replaced after capture.
Als, 20.1 × 24.8 cm. as folded. Opens to 40.2 × 24.8 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Over: "Washington, D. C., Oct. 29, Messrs. Coddington and Thorp, Merchants, Broad St., New York." Figure "25" is written above address and word "mail" is below. Red wax is below address.
George Rollins to Messrs. Coddington and Thorp 14th Nov., 1814,
Washington, D. C. Letter asks why he has received no further letters from the firm. According to instructions from her other agents, she has been made ready, and he requests further word, for wharfage fees are great, and danger from enemy cruisers is minimal at this point. On the right inside page is an itemized list of the stores for which the agents of the Snall are indebted to Robert Henry, plus pilotage and customs fees. Red wax is on right side of page.
Als, 20 × 24.8 cm. as folded. Opens to 40 × 24.8 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Over: "Messrs. Coddington and Thorp, Merchts., Broad St., N. Y." Return address: "Washington, D. C., Nov. 15th." Figure "50" is in postage spot.

3 1830 - 1836
(16 items)
S. A. Plummer to Mary Plummer [mother] 2nd June, 1830,
Augusta [Ga.]. Lawyer writes to his mother, telling her of a speech he has made at the court house. He speaks of his health and is happy to hear that she is relieved from fear of cancer; he goes to the "Hill" to see a Miss "N" [?].
Als, 19.9 × 24.5 cm. as folded, 2 hor., 2 vert. folds, uneven right edge. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Laurens Cty., Ga., Favoured by Esqr. Wright."
S. A. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer [mother] 10th July, 1830,
Augusta, [Ga.]. Letter states that he will come to Laurens after he sees Calv. Jones from Mill Haven, so that old business about the land might be settled. He is in good health; the city is also healthy. He says that Miss [] is prettier than usual and would marry if she had a good offer, such as one from him, and that Miss "I" is also single and without a beau.
Als, 20.4 × 25.3 cm., as folded, 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Dublin, Ga., Laurens Cty." To the left of address is the word "Mail." Figure "18 1/2" is in postage spot. Ink spots and "doodling" are left and right of address. At lower right of address is a drawing of a mythical bird. Red postmark reads, "Augusta, Ga., Jul. 10."
Samuel A. Plummer to Mary Plummer undated,
August, [Ga.]. This letter is filled with personal news. He tells of a new purchase of lands; he is concentrating on getting all the practice he can, hoping to make enough to live comfortably and provide for his mother. He discusses the availability of young women for marriage and decides to remain on the level of friendship and not become involved. He plans to bring to Laurens the works of Dr. Channing, who, though he is a "Unitarian … is a Christian in every sense of the word ….". He requests that his brother be told that he has been unable to see a Mr. M. []; he himself plans to apply for a district to survey the next year, in order to make a prospective $1000 or $1200. He gives news of a fall in the cotton market.
Als, 20.2 × 25.9 cm. as folded, 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Dublin, Laurens Cty, Georgia." Word "Single" is at place of stamp, with undecipherable script figures. Red wax is above and below address. Paper torn at lower wax. Red postmark reads, "Augusta [Ga.], Oct. []."
Samuel Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer [mother] 18th Dec. 1830,
Augusta. The son tells his mother that he will not be home for Christmas; eight lawyers have died or resigned, and he can further his career by staying in Augusta to obtain some of the business. The river is again "Steam botable." Many handsome young girls have just been "turned out," ready for the highest bidder, but he believes that he can offer but a poor price. He expects to visit Laurens after the Court.
Als, 18.5 × 22.5 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Paper has deteriorated along one fold. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Dublin, Laurens Cty." Red postmark reads, "Augusta, Ga., Dec. 18" to left of address. Undecipherable script is in postage spot. Above address is written "COD" in black. Remains of red wax are on right inside page. A tear is on same page at center fold. Watermark above address reads "1814".
Samuel to Brother 20th May 1832,
Washington. He writes a second letter to his brother regarding uneasiness about a letter from Mr. Robb regarding Gov. Pope. He himself had charges stopped against the old Gov., who was subsequently reappointed; these were charges preferred by Clark. Old Gov. Pope is thus indebted to him. Samuel wishes nothing said about him as long as he is in "this business" with him, but he (Clark?) (Pope?) was not what he should have been in the matter. Mr. Robb is to know that they may buy of Mr. Clark for whatever they may think proper, for he never looks beyond the present moment. Samuel will not attend the Baltimore convention.
Filed in GO1/4
Als, 19.8 × 24.7 cm. as folded. Opens to 39.8 × 24.7 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Holes are in front page and inside pages and below signature. Right side of right inside page is missing. Over: "Jos. E. Plummer, Esqr., Memphis, Tennessee, West Dist." Figure "25" is written in postage spot. Red postmark reads, "City of Washington, May 20."
Samuel to Mrs. Mary Plummer [mother] 26th May 1832,
Washington City. Samuel is still in Washington, awaiting adjournment of Congress. An affair of honor had occurred the previous day in the Rotunda of the Capitol; Mr. [Plummer?] from Mississippi had spit in the face of a Mr. Slade of Vermont for impertinent remarks during debate. Mr. Slade did not resent it. Mr. Clark is recovering from measles, and Samuel had dosed himself with salts and arnica for a touch of scarlet fever. Mr. Robb has resolved the difficulty with the angry Gov. Pope. Mr. McLean's modification of the tariff will be adopted; the U. S. Bank is to be rechartered with strict modifications. Those few young ladies who have not departed for the season are supposed to be fortune hunters.
Filed in GO1/4
Als, 19.9 × 24.4 cm. as folded. Opens to 39.7 × 24.4 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds, paper deteoriated badly along fold lines. Red wax inside right page. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Memphis, Tennessee." Red postmark reads, "City of Washington, May 28." Staple holes are at top and bottom from front page to back at center fold.
Samuel to Brother 24th Sept. 1832,
on board steam boat to Cincinnati. Samuel and Mr. Robb have dissolved co-partnership, because the latter was frightened off. He (Samuel) has employed a Major Miller to engage all the seed on the Mississippi and Rio Rivers; the man is competent and honest and understands the complexities of machinery and steam engineering. The writer is enroute to Petersburgh, Va. to learn the details of machinery, the making of oil, and the patent. His prospects for succeeding are good; the "prep" will prep out 700 gallons per hour. He will go to Washington only if the cholera is over, and the city is considered safe.
Filed in GO1/4
Als, 20 × 24.7 cm. as folded. Opens to 35.5 × 24.7 cm. at widest point, 2 hor., 2 vert. folds, paper deteriorated at center fold. Top 3/4 of right-hand inside page is missing. Over: Address undecipherable. Black postmark, "Louisville, Ky., Sept. 28."
Samuel A. to Joseph E. Plummer, [] April, [],
Washington. Samuel has heard of his family through McOwens. His business stands now for a third reading with no visible objection. The bill is for $11850 with interest from 1794 at 6%, which will go through the Senate in three days. General Houston is up for trial before the House, but there has been no decision. Stanbury flashed a pistol in Houston's face. Houston took it away and beat him severely, but Samuel does not believe he will be punished. He hopes Joseph has silenced Pearson.
Als, 19.7 × 31.8 cm. as folded. Opens to 39.7 × 31.8 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Stains and holes along top hor. fold. Over: "Jos. E. Plummer, Esqr., Memphis, Tennessee, West District." Red postmark, "Washington City, Apr. 21." "Single 25" is written in postage spot. Top right hand eighth of right inside page missing. Hole at center of page. Red wax seal right side right inside page. Holes along folds.
(Note: Folder 3 spans the years 1830-1836. Handbook of Texas states that Houston went to Washington in 1834; a note in folder 4 states that this letter was removed and placed in folder 3.)
J. Hamilton Couper to Samuel Plummer 12th Oct., 1834,
Waynesville. He has received Plummer's letter stating that the supply of seed has been exhausted, and states that ample provision of seed is the most necessary factor in the oil business. He suggests that distinct engagements and accurate account of its quantity and transportation distance be made. He refuses to have anything to do with the plan to ship seed to Charleston and considers the affair a sneaky one. He takes Plummer to task for not answering his letters regarding the refining process and speaks against Plummer's branching out, because he believes Plummer craves novelty. He recommends a walking expedition to the Rocky Mountains to exhaust nervous energy.
Als, 19.5 × 26.7 cm. as folded. Opens to 39 × 26.7 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Over: "Mr. Samuel A. Plummer, Natchez, Mississippi. Return address is undecipherable except for word "Oct." Sum for postage is undecipherable. Staple holes at center fold front page to back. Red wax below address.
Bill of sale 29th Jany. 1835,
Natchez. Eight negroes, then at Natchez Oil Mill, were bought of [] Franklin and sold to Walter Byrnez for $900 each, or a total of $7200. Bill is witnessed by W. B. []. S/Sam'l A. Plummer.
MsD, 19.5 × 32 cm., 3 hor. folds. Over: Illegible.
A. E. Wells to Joseph E. Plummer 24th March 1835,
Buckeye. Personal letter to his brother (in-law, cousin?) with a request for a visit. There is news of weather and crops and a statement that "Thos. hates his books." A postscript on the second page states that "old Uncle Webb, … begs for an answer" to his letters to Joseph.
Als, 19.6 × 23.7 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Hole at wax seal on right inside page. Over: "Joseph E. Plummer, Esq., Mobile, Alabama." Return address: "BuckEye, Geo. (Ga.?), 28 March. Figure "25" is in postage spot and words "For mail" are in lower left corner.
J. E. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer [mother] 27th May 1835,
Tuscumbia. Plummer has not received a letter. He plans to leave June 10 to seek her out. He does not think he will settle in Texas. A note written later on the same day states that he received a letter written on May 19.
Als, 20.3 × 25.5 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Paper deterioration, probably from high acid-content ink. Acid transfer on right and left inside pages. Hole on right inside page at wax seal. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Natchez, Mississippi, Care S.A.P." Figure "18" is in postage spot. Postmark in red reads, "Tuscumbia, Ala., May 28."
Portion of a letter to "Mother," 1 May 1835,
New Orleans, reporting safe arrival.
Als, 20.2 × 8.6 cm.
F. W. Plummer to Joseph Plummer, father 16th Jan. 1836,
Lagrange College, Ala. This letter mentions a Mr. Bain, who had spoken well of the writer. It states that the writer is in debt and has neglected his studies but promises to make up for his lack. He gives news of his siblings and asks to be remembered to friends and to the negroes.
Als, 19.6 × 25.3 cm. Pin holes are along the fold. Back page with address is partially missing.
Samuel A. Plummer to Brother 8th July 1836,
Phila. The writer is leaving Philadelphia to go home, the Congressional session having broken up by a quarrel among the members, without passage of a bill he sponsored. He intends to accomplish his purpose by legal action. He has not sold his land in Texas and is concerned about "the entire success in six months of the Texians."
Als, 19.9 × 25.4 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Acid transfer on inside pages. Hole at wax seal. Over: "Mr. Joseph E. Plummer, Tuscumbia, North Alabama." Red postmark, illegible except for "8 July." Figure "25" in red is at postage spot.
Jos. E. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer, mother undated,
n.p. Writer has not been able to get a vessel to Texas. Prospects for getting Texas lands are flattering. He leaves money behind and takes clothing and cash [$4000] with him. He asks for letters to be sent in care of Whittamore Blair & Co., Jewelers of New Orleans. He intends to settle for the moment at Columbia, Texas.
Als, 20.4 × 25.5 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Large "X" at top of front page. Hole at wax seal on inside page. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Tuscumbia, Ala. Care of D. Hodges." Blue postmark reads, "New [Orleans?], La." Figure "25" is at postage spot.

4 1837 - 1839
(23 items)
Samuel A. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer, mother 7th Jan. 1837,
Washington City. Samuel's business in Charleston progresses well. People were expecting Santa Anna in Washington; he had had to stop in Lexington, Ky. because of illness.
Als, 20 × 25 cm., as folded. Opens to 40 × 25 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Red wax right inside page. Stains at folds (water?). Paper deteriorated from home-made ink with high acid-content. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Tuscumbia, North Ala." Red postmark, "Washington City, D. C." Figure "25" in script at postage spot.
Jos. E. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer [mother] 21 Jan. 1837,
New Orleans. The letter states that water is poor but that he intends to buy cheap good land. He has opened his goods and gotten acquainted with the great men of the Republic; he says that they are not truly great men. He has not heard if Santa Anna has arrived on his walking trip to Washington to declare Rio Grande the border. Texas is willing to be attached to the U. S. on any honorable terms. Texans plan to make legerdemain and get all arranged so as to become a state. Note on inside page for Ann Eliza and Louisa Royal to the effect that he had not seen their father but that he was well a few days before.
Filed in GO1/4
Als, 19.3 × 32 cm. as folded. Opens to 38.6 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Ink transfer. Some apparent water stains at folds. Paper splitting at folds. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Tuscumbia, Ala., [care D. Hodges and Co.]." Blue postmark, "New Orleans, La., Feb. 8." Figure "25" written in place of stamp. Red wax below address.
S. A. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer [mother] 27th Jan. 1837,
Washington City. He encloses $5 to be given to Frank. Santa Anna has left Washington for Norfolk, where he will debark for Mexico in a Government vessel, the Pioneer. His negotiations are not completely understood, but Texas is free as far as his power will permit. Congress will probably recognize the independence in a few days. On inside left page there is a note written on the perpendicular to the effect that Samuel has a liberal offer to go to Europe this summer but prefers to go to Texas at present.
Als, 20 × 25.2 cm., as folded. Opens to 40 × 25.2 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds, some stains (water?). Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Tuscumbia, North Alabama," red postmark, "Washington City, D. C., Jan. 28." Figure "25" written in postage spot. Red wax under address. Part of side serving as envelope missing.
Mrs. Wm. S. Bodley to Samuel A. Plummer 3rd Feb. 1837,
Vicksburg. Mrs. Bodley has written to her mother in Lexington, Ky. to forward certain documents. Samuel is granted power of attorney by one letter. Another letter is proof that Ann Innes is the widow and Catherine H. Bodley is the only child of Hugh Schiell. She herself is not an heir. She will oversee her mother's interest in the claim; she thinks the claimants should receive interest as well as principal. Reports of Shiell's losses must be erroneous, for he died wealthy in 1786. The legislature "got in a bother" three weeks previously; they passed a Nashville Railroad Bill "with liberty to run where they please," and a Union Bank Bill, which is dependent on negotiations of state bonds bearing 5% interest.
Als, 20 × 25 cm. as folded. Opens to 40 × 25 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Over: "Samuel A. Plummer, Esq., Washington City." Red postmark, "Vicksburg, Ky., Feb. []. Figure "75" written in postage place. Stain at fold (water?).
Jos. E. Plummer to Francis W. Plummer undated,
New Orleans. Writer is disturbed by no letter from his son, his mother or from Samuel. He will leave his position in land trade to visit them if he does not learn of them shortly. He dislikes the separation from his family but can bear one year in order to make more money than he could make in five in the U. S. He has seen little of the country; he has been busy buying and selling. He sees little prospects of trouble from Indians and Mexicans. He speaks of good climate and good land. He plans to be home by April 15 or 20.
Filed in GO1/4
Als, 19.5 × 24.8 cm. as folded. Opens to 39.2 × 24.8 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Right inside page has red wax seal and address reading, "Francis W. Plummer, La Grange, Alabama, Mar. 9, 1837." Blue postmark reads, "New Orleans, La., Mar. 9." Figure "25" written in postage space. This letter is in 2 pieces. The paper has deteriorated badly 3/4 of way from top. Thread holes at center fold.
Samuel A. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer 18th May 1837,
New Orleans. Samuel has sold Mr. Merell 1280 acres of Texas land for $640, which he is to use to settle debts that Samuel's brother may owe in Tuscumbia. Emigration to Texas is great; Samuel's brother will do well with horses in Texas.
Filed in GO1/4
Als, 20 × 25.5 cm. as folded. Opens to 40 × 25.5 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Both front and inside pages have long splits at fold 1/4 of way from top down. Tear at bottom fold right side of right inside page. Hole at center fold. Red wax seal opposite hole. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Tuscumbia, N. Ala[bama] (torn). Blue postmark, "New Orleans, La., May 17." Figure "25" at postage space. Stains on back (water?).
Samuel A. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer 18th May 1837,
New Orleans. Samuel is starting for Texas. The Texas blockade is ended; the Mexicans have gone from the coast. Prosperity may come to the nation. Rumors are that Mexico intends to declare war on the U. S. He cannot get money in New Orleans.
Als, 19.6 × 24.6 cm. as folded. Opens to 39 × 24.6 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Tuscumbia, N. Ala. Blue postmark reads, "New Orleans, La., May 20." Figure "25" is in postage space. Red wax seal under address. Large tear above address.
Jos. E. Plummer to Francis W. Plummer [son] 25 June 1837,
near Natchez. The letter was written on a Monday; the boat had left previously from Memphis. It was reputed to be the fastest boat on the river; he shortened what was to have been a long letter because of the shaking of the boat.
Als, 19.7 × 25.4 cm., as folded. Opens to 39.4 × 25.4 cm., 2 hor. 2 vert. folds. Ink transfer and paper deterioration from acid-content ink. Over: "Francis W. Plummer, Tuscumbia, Ala. Red postmark, "[Natc]hez, Mi., Jun. 27." Figure "18" in postage space.
Samuel A. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer [mother] 23rd July 1837,
New Orleans. This is a message notifying Samuel's mother of the death of cousin A. E. Wells, who has died in Louisville of apoplexy. He has heard from his brother by way of a vessel which met Joseph's ship near its destination. Apparently there is still danger of a Mexican blockade. His other news is of extensive failure of British and French houses.
Als, 20.5 × 22.2 cm. as folded. Opens to 20.5 × 37 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. This letter has been cut off short at bottom with scissors and torn off at fold on back page. Paper deterioration along top hor. fold. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Tuscumbia, Ala." Blue postmark is undecipherable. Stains are on back page.
Jos. E. Plummer to Francis W. Plummer [son] undated,
n.p. Joseph has been working for three weeks to get a horse and company to go west. He leaves immediately for Live Oak Point. He will send money as soon as he collects debts. His address in New Orleans is in care of Wm. Bryan; Royall knows where to reach him in Matagorda. He sends instructions for industry in studies and admonitions to his children for good behavior. On left inside page is a note written (in pencil?): "Frank W. Plummer to Grandma." Francis forwards his father's letter by a Mr. Collins and asks that the bearer bring back the letter sent to his grandmother by his father. He is studying hard and will return to see his siblings in 2 weeks.
Als, 18.5 × 32 cm. as folded. Opens to 37 × 32 cm., 3 hor., 2 vert. folds. Large hole top quarter of both sheets. Back sheet has several holes. Over: "Francis W. Plummer, La Grange, Alabama." Blue postmark, "Mobile, Ala., Sept. 2." Figure "50" overlies another undecipherable figure. Thread holes along center fold.
Jos. E. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer 23 November 1837,
n.p. He is still in Natchez waiting for Samuel, who awaits two men from New York. He has been ill. If prices suit he will sell his negroes and if he does not like Texas better, he will return to Alabama; he is tired of roving. The area of Natchez is growing, and trade is good. There are notes about two doctors who have sold property and one who has gone to Europe. The railroad is to be completed within another year. The upper [] turned into a cotton press; three ships for Haven (Havre?), Liverpool, and New York were loaded at Natchez. Ships have put in at Natchez, Grand Gulf, and Vicksburg. There were three or four per week, but citizens of New Orleans were hostile to the ships because they took trade money away from the area. He expects to sell his negroes as he has been offered $50,000.
Als, 20.2 × 25 cm. as folded. Opens to 40.4 × 25 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Tuscumbia, Ala." Red postmark reads, "Natchez, Nov. 25." Figure "18" overlies figure "25" written in postage space. Red seal above address; paper is torn below it. Thread holes at center fold. Embossed figure at top of pages.
Jos. E. Plummer to Francis W. Plummer undated,
n.p. Joseph has traveled over Western Texas, which he thinks is most beautiful, but he thinks his present address is unwholesome. San Antonio is a pretty river and settled by Mexicans from Mexico or [] who live at Ranches, a square of semi-arid butte. A large church and fort are surrounded by dwellings called a mission. Approximately 1500 inhabitants live there. A great part has been battered down, particularly the Alamo and houses on "this side the river." Small game and fish abound. He promises to send money and directs Francis to write him at Matagorda, care of W. Bryan, New Orleans, paying postage to New Orleans.
Als, 19.8 × 23.4 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Top portion of letter is missing. Single sheet, no address.
Blank form for conveyance of head rights 1837,
for one league and labor of land held previous to Declaration of Independence. New owner is to get title to land. But should the law of Republic prevent him from taking title to land in his own name, he is to choose the land and apply for it in the name of A.B. E.F. of the County of [] is given power of attorney to transfer title or grant to C.D. This is notarized by the clerk of the Court of []. On the back side is a sworn statement by A.B. that he did not leave the country during the campaign of 1836 to avoid participation, that he did not aid the enemy, and that he was a citizen of Texas prior to Declaration. S/Chief Justice, County of [].
MsD, 20 × 24 cm. as folded. Opens to 39.5 × 24 cm., 3 hor. folds.
Joseph E. Plummer to Francis 1st Jan. 1838,
City of Houston. Joseph will send money when he can; his attempt to obtain Ala. bills has not been successful. A group of fifty Mexicans was stopped by troops within eight miles of Bexar. Natchez, sloop of war off coast of Mexico, reports different parties of Mexicans have crossed the Rio Grande for Texas and a parcel of mounted militia is to be sent to meet them. The writer is to go to Matagorda to get his land papers; he then goes to Live Oak Point to build a house. He has been at Houston three months and has been able to get to town [about 150 yds.] only three times because of swollen legs. His aim is to locate his land before he returns to Ala. He wants Samuel to make the trip to Alabama to see the family. "I" Company leaves immediately to reinforce troops at Bexar.
Als, 20.3 × 25.1 cm. Opens to 40.6 × 25.1 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Diamond-shaped stain 1/4 way down from top through all layers. Over: "Francis W. Plummer, La Grange College, Alabama." Figure "50" is at postage spot. Tear above address. Red wax seal below address. Red postmark reads, "New Orleans, Jan. []."
Joseph Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer 1st Jan. 1838,
n.p. Joseph has returned from Matagorda and Velasco to Houston, where he found Samuel. They are due to leave for Live Oak Point (City of Aransas?) shortly. From a recent survey the Plummers have from twelve to fifteen feet of water, which depth would indicate wealth. Joseph is to build a house for his mother by spring in Texas. His mother is living with the Kimmerly family at this time; he asks about her money needs. His sufferings have been great this fall. Postscript of 9 Feb., Houston states that he and Samuel are starting west in good health.
Als, 20.2 × 32 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Stain at one fold 3/4 of way down (water?). One page of folder missing. This is a single sheet torn from a folded sheet.
Samuel A. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer 18th April 1838,
Mobile. Samuel has left his brother Joseph putting up houses at Live Oak Point. He is aware of the uneasiness their absence has caused his mother. He believes they will reap some monetary reward from their hard work. He is in Mobile to get money and buy lumber to build a comfortable house, at which time the country will be safe enough for the mother's removal. Back side of page: Samuel has been near the Rio Grande where he secured for himself and his brother an interest in the "Salt Lakes 1/20 part said to be worth $5 million." Samuel's forwarding address is care of Samuel Thompson and Co., New Orleans.
Als, 20.2 × 23.9 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Two large stains are at top half of page (water?). This is a single sheet with half of folder missing.
Samuel A. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer 28th Nov. 1838,
Houston. He sends $200 for fear he may be detained. Congress is making permanent defenses for frontier and will make such arrangements as will relieve government from "present pecuniary embarasment." He looks for better times after Lamar's inauguration.
Als, 19.7 × 24.5 cm., 3 hor., 2 vert. lines, single sheet.
W. M. Beal and [] M. Doyle to Mrs. Mary Plummer 15th Dec. 1838,
New Orleans. This is a letter of transmittal for a $200 Certificate of Deposit from Merchants' Bank in New Orleans. The bankers thought it best to send Samuel's money in this way, because the mails have been robbed so often, and they believe New Orleans money will be wanted in Tuscumbia; they think she should be able to get a premium on Certificate.
Als, 19.8 × 24.5 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Single sheet, large hole upper right quadrant, small hole lower left third, hole at red seal right side. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Tuscumbia, N. Alabama." Red postmark, "New Orleans, La., Dec. 1[]." Figure "25" written in postage spot.
Land grant: 1/3 of a league granted to John A. Southmaid in Bexar, District Survey 148, Section No. 2 on the Guadaloupe River about 55 miles Northwest from San Antonio, beginning at sycamore 3 in. in diameter on bank of river for lower corner of Survey #147 and the upper corner of this survey from which a cypress 2″ in dia. bears North 53, East 9 varas; another 8″ in dia. bears South 82, East 13 3/5 varas. Hence South 45, West 5896 varas to a stake and mound; (more description of land follows).
MsD, 20 × 31.7 cm., 4 hor. folds. Ink transfer because of high acid-content ink. Some stains (water?). Over: "Isace E. Wade and James F. Conger of the County of [Illegible].
Samuel A. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer [mother] 8th Jany, 1839,
Houston. Samuel has just heard the news of independence of Texas by authorities of Mexican Federal Party, who are in power over country on Rio Grande. Samuel will bring his mother and Joseph's children to be with him; children will be placed with Mrs. Gibbs at Velasco. Samuel will not leave before he learns the particulars because of his interest on the Copano Bay. Indians will be [] in a few weeks, so he states that the steamboat Columbia is not safe at present.
Als, 19.6 × 24.8 cm. as folded. Opens to 39.4 × 24.8 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Tuscumbia, Alabama." Red Postmark, "New Orleans, Jan. []." Figure "25" at postage spot. Hole at center fold. Holes at folds on back page, tear at center right edge back page. Holes at top and bottom back page at folds. Stain lower left quadrant. Wax seal inside back page with torn paper still adhering.
Samuel A. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer [mother] 10th Sept. 1839,
East Pascagola. He has had 2 slight attacks of fever, which he contracted in New Orleans. He plans to go to New Orleans to collect the money which the Government of Texas has sent him. The fever in New Orleans is considered bad. It is thought to be worse in Mobile, and it prevails throughout southern cities. Plans are to go for mother and children about October, for it is not safe for visitors until 1st or 2nd good frosts. He is trading off some land to some advantage in East Pascagola.
Als, 19.8 × 24.5 cm. as folded. Opens to 19.8 × 39.6 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Ink transfer from first to second page. Two holes center of right inside page. Small holes at folds. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Tuscumbia, North Alabama. Care of L. Merrill, Esq." Blue postmark, "[], Sept. 11." Figure "25" written in postage spot. Remains of wax around hole under address.
Samuel A. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer [mother] 6th Oct. 1839,
Houston. Samuel starts to Austin, new seat of government the next day. He plans to return from Austin and go for mother and children. Some of their land on Colorado has turned out valuable. He will get enough from government and land to make them comfortable. Prosperity is increasing; he has already been employed in several valuable land claims. Indians are not marauding much.
Als, 21.7 × 22 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds, top third of page missing. Three holes about midway down single sheet. "Houston, 6th October, 1839" is written upside down on bottom of front page. Hole is at fold bottom right third front page.
F. W. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer 16th Dec. 1839,
Copano. Francis's letter will be carried by a vessel going to Galveston. The family has been without bread for three weeks. Frank's father injured his hand in the work on Mrs. Plummer's house. Joseph has Texas money but it is at so great a discount that he does not wish to sacrifice it and so is planning to obtain other moneys sufficient to bring Mrs. Plummer to Texas. Samuel has left for Austin.
Als, 19.6 × 24.7 cm. as folded. Opens to 39.2 × 24.7 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Ink transfer from front to left inside page. Wax seal right inside page. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Tuscumbia, Alabama." Blue-black postmark, "New Orleans, La., Jan. 31." Word "Ship" is in blue-black above address. Figure "2[7?]" at postage spot. Holes along fold lines. Stain at center fold. Word "Mrs." blotted out with ink before being written second time.

5 1840 - 1842
(17 items)
Samuel A. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer [mother] 12th Jan. 1840,
City of Austin. He has been long in writing because the mails throughout the county have stopped; it has been three weeks since he left Copano. Supreme Court commences its session next day and will sit two to three days. He plans to visit Mr. Richardson near La Grange where he can get a good price for his lands to settle all debts in Tuscumbia. Frank is to bring Mrs. Mary Plummer as soon as weather permits. Joseph is appointed Collector of Aransas with a yearly salary of $2000 with perquisites, which will make about $3000. Samuel is practicing law in Texas and will be compelled to remain where he is for some time. He worries greatly about his business failures for past three years. He and Joseph cannot collect on any debts owed to them. Congress has passed a loan bill to secure $5 million by June. The Indians are driven off; there are a few skirmishes with Mexicans along the Rio Grande.
Filed in GO1/4
Als, 22.2 × 28.5 cm. as folded. Opens to 45 × 28.5 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Measurements are not accurate because letter is not folded evenly. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Tuscumbia, Alabama. Care of Messrs. Merrill and Co." Blue-black postmark reads, "New Orleans, La., Feb 8." Figure "2[7?]" in postage spot. Hole at center fold center page. Holes along fold lines. Ink transfer caused by high acid-content ink. Stains on back page.
Frank Plummer to Joseph E. Plummer 6th April 1840,
Royall's. Frank has been here ten days and has been hunting wild cattle and running mustangs. Mr. Royall would bring the rest of the articles Frank needs, but he has no money, and Frank has none. "The old man" is married again to Mrs. Buttler of Courtland. He asks for money if it can be sent. In a postscript he sends regards from the family.
Filed in GO1/4
Als, 20.4 × 24.5 cm. as folded. Opens to 40.3 × 24.5 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Holes at bottom third of both pages. Part of right hand page missing on right side. Stains at bottom third both pages. Over: "Mr. Jos. E. Plummer, Copano, Texas." Red wax below address. Letter still somewhat crumpled. Some ink transfer.
Samuel A. Plummer to Joseph E. Plummer 12 May 1840,
Victoria. He explains that he would have to buy a horse and borrow money in order to visit. He has decided to settle permanently and believes he has good prospects. His marriage is in status quo. He hopes to establish worth of lands at Columbus, where they are entered on the books. He asks for the note of Baker & Thompson; he occasionally sees Baker, who may honor the debt. He is trying to get a parcel of Mexican goods to send Joseph. He has no money.
Als, 19.6 × 25.2 cm. as folded. Opens to 39.2 × 25.2 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Stains and holes at folds; stains on front page. Over: "Mr. Jos. E. Plummer, Aransas City." To left of address "Capn. Hull is written. Written perpendicularly is "Samuel A. Plummer." Hole and remains of red wax are under address.
W. [M.?]Roberts to Joseph E. "Plumer" Esqr 12th June 1840,
Galveston. This letter requests that Joseph visit a Mr. Collingsworth to get the writer's field notes and surveys "as corrected," hand them to the president of the board of land commissioners for Joseph's county, pay the government dues for the land and forward the receipt and certificate, together with the notes back to Mr. Roberts. Roberts complains about Mr. Collingsworth's keeping the notes.
Als, 20.2 × 25.3 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds, some ink transfer. This is a single sheet with 2 worn places at folds. Letter is in good condition.
[] Thomson to Joseph E. Plummer 18th Sept. 1840,
Galveston. [] had made an agreement with Thomson at Copano to take charge of the cattle and drive them to any part of the republic for 1/3 of the profits after expenses. [] now claims he will not release the cattle in his possession until a payment of $300 is made for his share. A Dr. Scott has bought 128 of the cattle at $10 a head, netting $1280. Thomson has received a bill for $115 for expenses plus $300, so that he received only $865. He also received a note payable on Jan. 1st, 1841 for horses and a man. Joseph's help is requested in the case. Writer warns Joseph against a scoundrel, a Dr. Desmond, who forged drafts. Postscript states that the City Marshal of New Orleans is in Glaveston with a requisition for three people, one being Dr. Desmond.
Als, 19.7 × 25 cm. as folded. Opens to 39.4 × 25 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Large hole at center fold right inside page. Holes along fold lines. Red wax right side right inside page. Large stains bottom front page. Words "turn over" at bottom front page. Figures "35, 35, 20, 25, 115" at bottom front page. Over: "Joseph E. Plummer, Collector, Aransas City, Ar[]." Words "[] Wash., [] Thompson" below and to left of address. "Joseph E. Plummer" is written upside down under address.
Samuel A. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer [mother] 18th [], [],
Houston. Samuel is leaving in a few days for Live Oak Point to make final arrangements for permanent settlement, and someone will come to Alabama soon.
Als, 21.7 × 27 cm., as folded. Opens to 43.5 × 27 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Acid transfer considerable, much deterioration of paper, with large holes. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Tuscumbia, North Alabama." Remains of red seal below address. Red postmark, "New Orleans, La., (date illegible)."
Francis W. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer 3rd Nov. 1840,
Aransas, Texas. The letter states that Samuel is now on the "Brasos" trying to collect a debt of $1100. His practice is growing, and much money is owed them, but there is no money available to pay the debts. The brothers and sisters are probably better off in Alabama, for they will probably not go to school again when they enter Texas.
Als, 20.4 × 30.8 c. Thread holes left side.
William S. Hornburgh to Joseph E. Plummer 11th Nov. 1840,
Caney, Matagorda County. Writer and his wife have been severely ill, as have some fifteen or twenty people of the new settlement to which they have moved. He still has difficulties breathing at night. He worries over inability to work and is mortified not to be able to pay debts. He has not received anything that he left in Aransas and begs Joseph not to consider him hopeless, for he would rather have offended his natural parent. He desires Joseph's good will.
Als, 20 × 24.3 cm. as folded. Opens to 39.8 × 24.3 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Holes along fold lines. Red wax seal right inside page. Over: "Joseph E. Plummer, Esq., Live Oak Point, Aransas Bay, Refugio County, Texas."
Joseph E. Plummer to L. W. Richardson undated,
n.p. A note asks Mr. Richardson to make necessary inquiries of Mr. Collingsworth and let writer know results, as he cannot get to the [] to attend to it personally. In a postscript, he states that $80 Texas money was sent in another letter.
Als, 20 × 25.4 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Over: "Joseph E. Plumer, Esq., Aransas," "W. Richards will open this. S/J. E. Plummer," is written below address. To left and below address is, "By favor of Martin Powers, Enq."
Samuel A. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer [mother] 8th April 1841,
Natchez. Samuel waits to hear from co-partner of New Orleans, who has tried to exchange "uncurrent" money, to go to Alabama to give his mother and the children relief. His business is improving enough to pay debts, since depression seems to be prevalent in all the country. He adds that he has sent $50 to Mr. Merrill.
Als, 20.3 × 25.3 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Over: "Mary Plummer, Tuscumbia, Ala." In postage spot is figure "25." Above address "PAID" is stamped in blue. Red wax seal is below address.
Samuel A. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer [mother] 6th June 1841,
Vicksburgh. He is still trying to leave for Tuscumbia, to spend the summer with his mother. By the nature of his profession he is at the call of clients but believes himself to be even more bound to creditors. He is as aware of his family's sufferings as he is of his own and Joseph's and determines not to be despondent. He boards the first boat for Little Rock, where he will conclude business in one hour. The call was unexpected but promises to make much money for him. He believes Providence has inflicted great sufferings on them. He sends $100.
Als, 19.8 × 24.9 cm. as folded. Opens to 19.8 × 35.2 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds; one-third to one-half of right hand inside page missing. Excessive ink transfer. Right hand inside page: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Tuscumbia, North Ala." Red wax below address.
Samuel A. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer [mother] 18th Jany. 1842,
New Orleans. Samuel writes that he has been detained from day to day with promises of receiving money, and that his partner lost $35,000 in St. Louis. They have collected several large claims. Joseph will join him when Samuel can send him funds. He plans to make Tuscumbia his next stop.
Als, 21.2 × 25.7 cm. as folded. Opens to 40.5 × 25.7 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Front page has a cut or break right-hand third of page. Top third and right third of right-hand inside page missing. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Tuscumbia, Ala. Fav. Mr. Sherrod." Holes along bottom horizontal fold outside. Hole 3 cm. wide under address. Brown spots on letter.
Francis W. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer and Francis's sisters 17th Mar. 1842,
New Orleans. He has arrived from Aransas and was on his way to take the family to Texas, only to hear that the Mexicans have invaded Texas, and so he will return immediately to help fight. He believes the fact that they could not get to Texas was lucky, for they would have been in danger. Francis had determined to pick them up when Joseph was so troubled on her account, for Texas money has depreciated so much that Joseph has had to rely on Samuel to take care of her. Francis believes that [] will now be forced to acknowledge the independence of Texas. He criticizes a letter his sister Sophia wrote to Samuel; he believes a fourteen year old girl should be able to spell and write more correctly. He cautions her to be particular about her housekeeping for the comfort it will be to her father when they join him.
Als, 19.9 × 25.2 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Letter is in excellent condition.
Francis W. Plummer to Mrs. Mary Plummer, grandmother 25th March 1842,
New Orleans. On the day he arrived in New Orleans he heard of the invasion of Texas by 15,000 men; San Antonio and Goliad []. He abandoned his plan to go on to Tuscumbia when a steamboat arrived from Galveston, bringing news of the invasion. He will leave for Texas the succeeding day and join his father in the fighting. He sends jewelry and money to them. He asks that the rich planters contribute generously so that the "Texians" might buy ammunition and provisions.
Als, 19.5 × 31.7 cm. as folded. Opens to 39.2 × 31.7 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Many holes and stains. The name "Francis" and "Fran" are on right-hand inside page, and the figure "8" is pencilled in wax mid-page; the letter "F" is on the same page. Black spot is at bottom of same page. Over: "Mrs. Mary Plummer, Tuscumbia, Ala." Blue postmark reads, "New Orleans, La., Mar. 30." Figure "2[5?]" appears in postage spot. Some illegible pencil writing, black spot above and below address. Black scribbling appears to left of address.
William Henderson to Father 1st Oct. 1842,
Emory and Henry College. This letter gives news of a young man and his roommates at school, of the debates he has attended, and the society he has joined. A postscript asks that letters to him be directed to Glade Spring. He had a visit from his aunt, and his uncle preached. A second postscript on the back of the page states that he breaks the letter's seal to say that a relative's child has died.
Als, 19.6 × 25 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. A hole and red wax are at mid-page.
William Henderson to Mother 9th Oct. 1842,
E. & H. College. He has just returned from a conference in Abingdon, where Bishop Morris preached; excitement has been high as one student professed religion, and two others were mourners. Confusion resulted when a pillar supporting the gallery sank; a cry of "fire" was heard, and panic reigned. His studies are difficult; he has gotten behind by going to the conference.
Als, 19.8 × 24.7 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Some ink transfer.
William Henderson to Father 10 Dec. [1842],
Emory & Henry College. He has been in town and sends regards from friends. He sends a message from a cousin; he sees the need for more study. A deep snow produced a slide for boys on chairs, sleds, planks, etc.
Als, 19.6 × 25.1 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Stains along bottom hor. fold.

6 1843 - 1849
(18 items)
William Henderson to Parents 20th Feb. [1843],
Emory and Henry College. He has received money from home; he stayed at school for a few lonely days after the session. He spent one week's vacation with a cousin; the rest he spent elsewhere, and, unable to get a horse, he walked to school. He talks of school matters. He asks parents to bring the surveying instruments if they visit in the summer, since he will need them in a course he plans to take. A postscript sends a note from his Aunt Betty.
Als, 20 × 25.7 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Embossed "[A.?] W. E. Goodwin, Hardford Ct." is at top left of page.
William Henderson to Parents 26th March 1843,
Emory and Henry College. William attended a quarterly meeting where there were many mourners and many who professed religion, so that the school was quite a moral place. A Dr. Stout has brought news of his parents. His studies are difficult. There is much snow this winter.
Als, 19.8 × 25.3 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Some brown spots caused by high acid-content ink.
(Note: William mentions "Con" and "we" in the first two letters home. His brother, Con, is attending the same school.)
William Henderson to Father 1st May [1843],
Emory & Henry College. William is sorry his father's health is delicate; he hopes he will depart for the country soon, so as to be available for the school's exhibition in July. He finds study monotonous.
Als, 19.7 × 25.2 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Small ink blob lower right 1/3 of page.
Mary K. Henderson to Sons 31st May 1843,
Retirement. She writes a letter telling of prayers, cautions and hopes. She hopes "Findlay" will remember his Bible reading and prayers so that he will not backslide as his cousins have done. She asks if they need clothes so as to make a decent appearance at the examination. The father is "making cotton" and will not be able to attend the examination. She sends family news. The measles is expected to run through the family. She sends $5 to be divided between them and requests them to be careful of clothing.
Als, 19.8 × 24.7 cm. Opens to 39.6 × 24.7 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds, severe ink transfer. Hole at right of right inside page. Over: "Mr. William L. Henderson, Glade Spring P. O., Washington County, Virginia." Return address: "German[town?], Tenn., June []." Words "Paid 50" at postage spot. Running perpendicularly is "Rec. June 20" above return address. Red wax seal below address.
William L. Henderson to Father 11th Nov. 1843,
Emory & Henry College. The characteristics of the school have changed because mischief is more prevalent. One person was expelled and four or five were suspended. William has been ill. It requires two hours a day for the students to cut their day's supply of wood; he has hired a negro to cut his wood and bring it up for $1 a month, because he cannot afford to spend so much time away from his studies. He asks that future letters be addressed to Cedarville.
Als, 19.5 × 24.2 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Some spots from high acid-content ink. Back side of page is lined.
William L. Henderson to "Dear Sir," 16th Nov. 1843,
Emory and Henry College. He states that though he had dawdled in math and quit school at Selma, his advancement in other studies allowed him to enter the sophomore class at Emory and Henry. The novelty of school soon wore off, and monotony began. Con thinks more of home than of his book. Con continually asks where words came from; William does not think Con will ever do anything great with algebra and Greek.
Als, 19.3 × 24.2 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Tear at right edge 1/2 way down. Small amount acid transfer. Good condition.
Mary K. Henderson to William 4th December [1843],
n.p. She sends clothing to the boys. There are admonitions to be careful of clothing and prudent with money, and she expresses longing for her children.
Als, 19.5 × 20 cm., 1 hor., 3 vert. folds. Spots caused by high acid-content ink. Many holes. Over: "William L. Henderson" is in brown ink. Above name of addressee is "Rec'd. Dec. 23" in black ink. At perpendicular in black under addressee's name is, "William L. Henderson, Shelby Co., Tennessee."
William Henderson to Father 1[6?], Dec. 1843,
Emory and Henry College. The spirit of mischief has died, now that the culprits have been sent home. Mr. Stevens, their present tutor, has gone deranged, locking his own roommate out of the room. He had threatened the roommate and talked of suicide. He is 22, gifted, and a hard student who probably intended to rise by his own exertions. William thinks it pitiable. He has been asked to speak at the winter exhibition. He was ill and now must study doubly hard for exams.
Als, 20.1 × 25.5 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Some acid transfer. Good condition.
William Henderson to Father 9th Jany. 1844,
Emory and Henry College. Believing that Aunt Betty had a "whipping laid up for him," Con, of a headstrong nature, had written a letter which greatly pained his father. William writes to say that Con has settled down. They are preparing for exams and William's speech on "American Enterprise."
Als, 19.9 × 25.4 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Blue fingerprint at top. Some ink transfer. Some blue ink transferred from another letter.
Mary K. Henderson to Children 10th Feby. 1844,
Retirement. This letter contains news of family, friends, and new neighbors. There is a report of a divorce. Arthur Henderson has spent some weeks in the writer's household this winter; he is a "smart young man," but a degraded one, for he is a drunkard, a liar, and mischief-maker, which she sees as an example of the consequences of evil company. She tries to soothe the rift between Aunt Betty, her sister, and Con, her child.
Als, 20.1 × 25.5 cm. as folded. Opens to 40.2 × 25.5 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Much ink transfer. Over: "Mr. William L. Henderson, Cedarville P. O., Washington County, Virginia." Return address: Germantown, 13th Feby." Words "Paid 25" are in postage spot. Red wax seal is below address. Hole is above address.
William Henderson to Parents 14th May 1844,
Emory and Henry College. William has not seen a Mr. Walker, but Con has already bought summer clothes, except for a few shirts. William has spent seven weeks recovering from an illness at Aunt Betty's. They visited the salt-works. Virginia is barren-looking; he has been homesick for West Tennessee this session. He will be classified as a junior next; he can then finish in one more year. Con lacks two or three studies to become a freshman, but he can still graduate in three years.
Als, 19.5 × 24.7 cm. Some ink transfer and a few holes. There is an embossed motif top left of letter, black ink smear below it, and a tear right edge 2/3 way down.
William Henderson to Parents 19th June 1844,
Emory and Henry College. William says examinations are to be taken in July. A storm blew both chimneys down and struck Pleasant Smith's barn, burning a barouche, four horses and grain. Damage was $1500. Consumption has taken two lives. Writer requests $10 or $15 if parents can afford it to take on a vacation traveling through several counties to see several "curiosities," because this is the last chance he will have. He assures them that he has recovered completely except when he is exposed. He includes a catalogue with a plate showing school's intended improvements.
Als, 19.4 × 24.7 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Ink transfer. A few holes at center fold. Piece torn loose at left edge.
Mary K. Henderson to Children 26th July 1844,
Retirement. She writes that she hopes they can all be together again; their absence seems so long. Their father has sent $20 for the projected excursion, and she asks if they have received it. There is much illness in the country; one man has lost three negroes in ten months. One child (grandchild?) is to be brought to her for a time. Con has written to a Rev. Sam McKinney to ask about going to school to McKinney, but she absolutely refuses, thinking the McKinneys are a black-hearted, unprincipled lot, for they have told lies about her husband, who tried to help them. She asks William to find out the truth of their stories. She urges that William be careful of his health. An added note written upside down on the end of the last page states that Mr. H. has paid postage for a letter written by a man connected with the McKinney family and cautions William not to pay it.
Als, 19.7 × 25.1 cm., as folded. Opens to 39.1 × 25.1 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Acid transfer. Center fold slanting. Over: "Mr. William L. Henderson, Abingdon, Virginia." Return address: "Germantown, Tenn., July 27th." Words "Paid 25" are written in postage spot. Red wax is below address.
Article of Agreement 10th Sept. 1845,
Pontotoc County, the State of Mississippi. Agreement between Samuel Knowls and McPowen to select and locate two land claims in Texas, the latter to pay expenses. One claim was transferred by a Wm. Collins, private in Capt. Colerick's volunteer regiment in the service of the Republic, and one by [Mathe?]. McPowen is to receive one-half of the lands for armed services. S/Samuel Knowls and Andrew J. [McPowen?]. Document is witnessed by Sam'l. Handly.
MsD, 20.1 × 31 cm., 5 hor. folds, holes at left edge. Address at bottom reads, "Mr. S. Knowles, Elliston P. O., Pontotoc Co., Miss."
Nat'l Davis to Nat 29th Sept. 1846,
near [] P. O. DeSoto by Ship. This letter expresses concern for a journey to De Soto by Nat. Cotton worms have destroyed the crop. The writer had been asked to sign a bond for $25 with the name of the addressee to pay along with other family members for a buggy which had arrived after the death of the one for whom it was meant. Nat's mother's health is not good, and the writer plans to take her to another climate the next summer.
Als, 19.5 × 25 cm., 2 hor., 2 vert. folds. Letter is in good condition.
[T. Levi?] Woodhouse bill directed to S. S. Harkens. Receipt for payment of board bill for men and horses. S/Shuball S. Harkens 17th April, 1847, [].
MsD, 25 × 12.9 cm., 2 hor., 3 or 4 vert. folds. Over: Figure "17."
G. N. Mitchell to Margaret T. [Ulrigh?], Adm. of Estate of Peter N. Hays 6 Jan. 1848,
Promissory note in amount of $118.30. S/G. N. Mitchell. Witness: W. T. Mitchell. Over: "G. N. Mitchell."
MsD, 18.5 × 10.7 cm., 1 hor., 2 vert. folds. Some light spots and ink transfer.
Bill of sale for items of table silver issued to B. Peck by Squire and Brother 24th Dec. 1849,
97 Fulton Street and 182 Bowery, New York. Total sale $233.30, plus interest, minus some items already taken, leaving total of $218.23. S/Squire and Brother, S. S. Morrell.
Pf, 19.9 × 33 cm., 7 hor., 1 vert. fold. Some holes, some acid transfer. Over: Rust impression of paper clip.

7 1850-1854
(11 items, 1 in oversize)
C. W. Bennett, Attorney at Law and Agent for Claimants, Washington City, to Levi Woodhouse, Hartford, Ct. Feb. 15, 1850,
2 pp. Requests power of attorney. Requires full history, accounting, and book of instructions re. recruiting business.
Jos. E. Plummer, Donaldsonville, to son, Jos. E. Plummer, Memphis, Tenn. July 6, 1851.
Enjoying good health. Very busy. Family news received in a letter from Sophia. No rain since May 18.
Jos. E. Plummer, Donaldsonville, La., to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr., Memphis, Tenn. c. Sept. 1, 1856.
Health good. Negros ill. Crop only tolerable due to very dry weather.
Jos. E. Plummer, Donaldsonville, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr., Memphis, Tenn. Dec. 28, 1851,
2 pp. W. Donelson, newly married, died while visiting. Left wife in Plummer's care. Discusses his Texas land and finances. Glad his son is pleased with his situation. Offers advice and monetary assistance.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. March 27, 1853.
Health is excellent. Tell Miles he will be made comfortable here. Advice and wishes for son's happiness and success.
Jos. E. Plummer to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. Aug. 28, 1853.
Discusses health and weather conditions. Admonishes son for not writing his sisters.
Jos. E. Plummer to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. Sept. 11, 1853.
Love to Mary. Lost own spectacles and cannot see well. Worried about yellow fever some distance below.
Jos. E. Plummer to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. Oct. 7, 1853.
Relates prevalence of the "Fever" nearby. Comments on the delightful climate and abundant game in Texas, but does not wish to return. Describes crops and weather.
"Catalogue of Mathematical and Optical Instruments, for sale wholesale or retail by McAllister and Brother, Philadelphia, Pa." March 30, 1854,
4 pp. Contains descriptions, prices, and some illustrations of the various products for sale.
Filed in GO1/4
D. C. Jeter, Woodville, Miss., to N. C. Raymond?, Austin, Tex. Nov. 1, 1854,
2 pp. Sends Raymond power of attorney for selling his portion of land. Asks him to take the money he owes him from the sale. Discusses feelings of other heirs about their interests.
Form letter, by Jno. M. Swisher, Austin, Tex. Nov. 22, 1854.
Explains his exchange business and the use of drafts. Note on bottom of letter, "Mr. Swisher is entirely reliable," Samuel B. Shanks?
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. Dec. 17, 1854.
Discusses crop yield and weather. Hasn't heard from the girls since they said they were going to Texas. Hopes to visit in the Spring.

8 1855
(12 items)
"Message from the President of the United States, transmitting sundry documents in relation to the Various Tribes of Indians Within the United States, and Recommending a Plan for Their Future Location and Government," Washington, 18th Congress, 2d Session Jan. 27, 1825,
11 pp. (1-27-55).
Petition, to the judge of the Second Judicial District of Fayette County, Tex. by the heirs of the estate of Joseph Fowler, prepared by attorneys, Hamilton and Chanalor Feb. 17, 1855,
6 pp. Asks for share of one undivided half league of land in Austin Colony. Description of property is included. Lists petitioners, relationship to the deceased, and amount of share requested. Attached is a writ, to the Sheriff of Jackson County to summon Frances Menefee to the District Court in La Grange, Fayette County, Tex. on the first Monday in March, 1855 to answer the petition. Witnessed by Robert S. Carter, Clerk of the District Court, La Grange, Fayette County, Tex.
Joseph F. Smith, Refugio, Tex., to Jos. E. Plummer April 8, 1855,
2 pp. Sends petition for Plummer to swear to in order to "get your lost rights." Had been reported dead. A question exists as to whether Plummer sold all his land interests to Foote. Possible fraud by Robert H. Hord of Brownsville.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. April 26, 1855,
2 pp. Will go to Baton Rouge for certificate of Sec. of State as requested in above letter. Discusses land transactions near Bastrop with R. Andrews and validity of Foote's claim on the Powers Claims.
Sophia Burgess?, Yocany, Miss. to father, Jos. E. Plummer, Donaldsonville, La. July 1, 1855,
4 pp. Primarily family news. Describes her new baby girl and troubles she is having with the baby (Mary Ella, and her older daughter, Julia Bell. Discusses recent visitors and relates news that Mr. Burgess' father has died. Inquires if Jos. has returned safely. Note on last p., sending this letter from Sophia to Mary, signed, J. E. Plummer.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. Aug. 4, 1855.
Received his letters. Has not heard from Smith or Anderson yet. Comments on fencing, making preserves, and the mosquitos.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. Sept. 23, 1855.
Glad son has returned to "Peace and Happiness." Doesn't want him to return to Texas until the epidemic has left New Orleans. Does not expect to return to Miss. General family news. No letter from Texas yet.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Mary King Plummer (Mollie), daughter-in-law Oct. 21, 1835.
Notifies her that her husband arrived in good health on his way to Texas. Describes his sugar cane processing business. (On same p.), Jos. Plummer, Jr., to Mollie. Everyone in good health. Starting for Texas in a few days. Kiss Elton. General comments.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Mary K. Plummer Oct. 28, 1855.
Jos. left Oct. 10 on Bella Donna for New Orleans. Hopes they will be comfortably settled one day in "that land of promises, Texas."
Jos. E. Plummer (signed Old Jos.), to Mary K. Plummer Nov. 3, 1855.
Rec. letter from Jos. He got to New Orleans and would leave for Texas soon thereafter. General news.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. Nov. 10, 1855.
Rec. letter from Smith re. claim of D. Chandler of Mobile on sections of land bought from Plummer's brother. His memory is faulty on this. Smith advises Jos. proceed against Hord. All is well.
Calculation of shares in estate undated
Describes laws of Texas for dividing property of an estate. Describes a case and proposes questions as to how the property should be divided and what "part in fee."

9 February 9, 1856 - September 14, 1856
(13 items)
Jos. E. Plummer, to Mary K. Plummer Feb. 9, 1856.
Consoles her over Jos.' delay. Unusual Texas weather probable cause.
Joseph F. Smith, Refugio, Tex., to Jos. E. Plummer, Memphis, Tenn. April 17, 1856.
Land office refused father's claim. Case is still open pending filing of necessary papers. Cautions Jos. to think before acting further in this matter.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. June 9, 1856.
Sends this letter and money with W. W. whom he describes. Very hot weather is drying the crops and causing fatigue and sickness.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Mary K. Plummer June 27, 1856,
2 pp. Weather is cold and disagreeable. Discusses sale of negros of the W. Donelson estate and his growing affection for them while on his plantation.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. July 27, 1856.
Received his letter from New Orleans. Hopes son and family will enjoy Texas. Elsey joined the Church and escaped the devil. General comments.
A. B. Black?, brother-in-law, Yocany, Miss.?, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. July 28, 1856,
3 pp. Complains about his delay in writing. Glad Jos. secured the lands for his Pa. Relates plans for selling his land to move to North Alabama and reasons for not moving to Texas. Family news. Discusses corn crop.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. Aug. 3, 1856.
Hopes he and family have arrived safely at Copano. Discusses health, weather, and crops. Sold honey. Will send the money when Joseph needs it.
Joseph F. Smith, Victoria, Texas, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr., Copano, Refugio County, Tex. Aug. 6, 1856.
Welcomes him to Copano. Discusses business matters. Relates his views re. land titles including efforts to pass a law to require filing in the land office.
Joseph F. Smith, Victoria, Tex., to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr., Copano, Tex. Aug. 23, 1856.
Information and advice about purchasing a "waggon." Optimistic re. the Copano case. Discusses brief prepared for similar case.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. Aug. 24, 1856.
Describes severe storm. General family news.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. Aug. 24, 1856.
Mosquitos terrible since the storm which caused much damage and flooding. Health good.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. Sept. 7, 1856.
Fears the storm may have reached them. Would like to hear from Jos. Expresses wishes for family's health and success at Copano. All is well.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. Sept. 14, 1856.
Glad to hear all were comfortable. General news. Cotton has gone to city.

10 September 21, 1856 - August 30, 1858
(14 items)
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. Sept. 21, 1856.
Glad they have plenty to eat. Describes his activities.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. Oct. 4, 1856.
Describes game that Alfred killed. Expects Mrs. D. and W. W. to return soon. Frost experienced this month could cause sugar making to cease in La.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Mary K. Plummer Oct. 19, 1856.
Rejoices to hear from Mary. Advises her how and where she is most likely to catch fish. Weather is still cold.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. Nov. 2, 1856.
Has been very ill. Cannot conduct his business. W. W. arrived with Judge Neal of Corpus Christi with a bill of rent from Richardson.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. Nov. 16, 1856.
Greetings to the family. Regaining strength. Hopes to visit Miss. or Tex. after Christmas. Relates news about various acquaintances.
Peter B. Lowe, Austin, TX., to ? (Dear Sir) Nov. 19, 1856.
Agrees to purchase Lot 9 in Block 45 in this city for $60. Instructions concerning the title and the deed are included. Notes that W. McClure claims ownership.
Viola Peck, Goliad, Tex., to Uncle Joh Nov. 20, 1856?,
3 pp. Ma asked her to write. Everyone has the fever. Comments on the servant leaving, the old house, and school opening soon. General family greetings.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Mary K. Plummer Dec. 1, 1856,
2 pp. Requests more details of their life at Copano. Hopes to visit soon. Experiencing difficulty in regaining strength. Relates activities of others. Will be free in 25 days. Jos. can sell Copano if he wishes.
Dietrick Deutcherer, Fort Davis, Tex., to (Sir?) Dec. 12, 1856.
Asks for $60 for rent of his house in San Antonio. Indians stoled his cattle leaving him "poorly off."
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. Dec. 28, 1856.
Rec. settlement from W. Watson. Leaves soon for Miss. before coming to Tex. Health is just tolerable.
Joseph F. Smith, Refugio, Tex., to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr., Copano, Tex. March 19, 1857,
3 pp. Copano case still undecided. Explains progress of the case and his activities on Plummer's behalf. Decision narrows down to the Plummers vs. the heirs of Power. Advises him not to build at Copano as yet. The parson fears the Copano gang intends to do him harm.
W. A. Tarleton, Austin, Tex., to (Dear Sir?) April 30, 1857.
Will examine his business and investigate immediately. Conferred with Col. F. M. White with whom he served in the legislature. He and delegates to the Waco convention are in the city. Discusses his fees.
Joseph F. Smith, Refugio, Tex., to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr. Aug. 28, 1857,
3 pp. Requests his and Jos. signatures as securities on a writ of attachment. People want to abandon this country due to lack of corn, crop, and money. Discusses several of his land claim cases.
Filed in GO1/4
Jos. E. Plummer, to Jos. E. Plummer, Jr., Aug. 30, 1858,
2 pp. Comments on health, neighbors and friends. "The Shanghi rooster departed this life by committing suicide." Water is scarce. Smith has gone to court at Victoria.

11 1860
(6 items)
"Speech of J. L. M. Curry, of Alabama, in the House of Representatives March 14, 1860,
The Constitutional Rights of the States," 8 pp.
D. C. Freeman, Jr., Austin, Tex., to Mollie Freeman, wife, Ky. May 16, 1860.
Overwhelmed with business. Describes church difficulty. Affectionate messages to his wife and children.
D. C. Freeman, Jr., Austin City, Tex., to Mollie Freeman, Ky. July 13, 1860,
4 pp. Business as land agent is progressing. States why he hates Texas and where he thinks the family should settle. Kind messages sent from various friends. Words of love and affection for her and children. Misses them.
D. C. Freeman, Jr., Austin City, Tex., to Mollie Freeman, Ky. July 27, 1860,
4 pp. Sweet messages of love to his wife. Several towns in northern Texas have been burned. Confessions of plots of insurrection and murder extorted from negros. Fires here also. Mill was destroyed causing great inconvenience to public. Comments on church controversy and state election between Houston and Breckenridge.
Jos. E. Plummer, to Mary K. Plummer Aug. 13, c 1860.
Misses them. Busy with sugar crop which will be his last. Mosquitos are bad. Will not venture to Texas again, states reasons.
J. H. S.?, to Captain? Sept. 14, 1860.
Captain Ward should be invited. First Commander of the H. L. G.?

12 1861 - 1884
(8 items, 1 oversize)
Joseph F. Smith, St. Mary's, Refugio County, Tex., to J. E. Plummer, Jr., Copano, Tex. Jan. 28, 1861.
Lists cases that have been sent to the Supreme Court including Plummer's. Believes he will be successful.
Wm. C.?, New Orleans, La. to My Dear Friend July 2, 1861,
4 pp. Came to N. O. from Seguin, Tex., for the First Church. General family news and greetings. Discusses probable future plans.
Francis M. White, General Land Office, Austin, Tex., to Dr. C. M. S. Gayle, Texana, Tex. Aug. 19, 1861.
Sending quinine that Gayle requested. Price increasing due to increased demand.
Jas. S. Trutt?, to My dear sir May 3, 1862.
Declines invitation to the "Light Guard Ball."
James Paul, Austin, Tex., to father June 3, 1862,
4 pp. Substituting for the Governor in his absence. Marshall law has been extended throughout the state. Describes progress of the war. Relates worries about Freddy (wife). Will suggest the Governor appoint father Medical Director for the Frontier Regiment.
S. M. Jenkins, Waco, Tex., to D. C. Freeman, and Raymond Mils? May 21, 1866,
4 pp. Comments on Capt. Paoge's land titles, state and county elections, national politics, freedmen.
S. E. Jones, Lynchburg, to? Apr. 26, 1872.
Ma is sick. Please visit.
Land Grant, issued to the heirs of Fredrick Pelzer, by P. H. Bell, Governor, and S. Crosby, Commissioner of the General Land Office, Austin, Tex., May 19, 1852. Certified by Francis M. White, Commissioner of the General Land Office March 12, 1861.
Grant is for 640 acres in Liberty Co. Includes description. Attached is a Certificate of Authentication issued by G. B. Byrd, San Jacinto County, Aug. 30, 1875.
Filed in GO1/4
Form letter, by the Central Centenary Committee of the Methodist Episcopal Church South, Nashville, Tenn. March, 1884.
Requests donations in celebration of the first hundred years of the Methodist Church in America. Includes order blank for Centenary Medal. Return to L. D. Palmer, Treasurer, Nashville, Tenn.