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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Agency History

Scope and Contents of the Records

Organization of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

5th Military District/District of Texas records, 1865-1870, undated,

State Police records, 1870-1873, undated,

State Guard and Reserve Militia records, 1870-1874, undated,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Adjutant General's Department:

An Inventory of Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction Records at the Texas State Archives, 1865-1874, undated



Overview

Creator: Texas. Adjutant General's Department.
Title: Adjutant General’s Department Reconstruction records
Dates: 1865-1874, undated
Abstract: The Texas Adjutant General's Department oversees the military interests of Texas to serve the state civil authorities and the citizens of Texas. During the Congressional phase of Reconstruction, the military affairs of the State of Texas, and many aspects of civil government, were controlled by the commander of the District of Texas (1866-1868) or of the 5th Military District (1868-1870). These records are of those districts, and of the State Police and the State Guard and Reserve Militia, both created in 1870 and commanded by a newly restored state adjutant general. Types of records include military orders; correspondence, petitions, and sworn statements; reports of crimes, arrests, and fugitives from justice; certificates of disability; court martial proceedings; annual militia returns; militia rolls; a hospital report; affidavits of loss and damage; quartermaster records (especially vouchers), pay vouchers, ordnance records, and accounts for moneys collected and disbursed; and other financial records, dating 1865-1874, and undated.
TSLAC Control No.: TX002225
Quantity: 6.59 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written predominately in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives
Sponsor: This collection was adopted for enhanced preservation by Dr. Glen Sample Ely in honor of former Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center director Robert Schaadt and his many years of dedicated service.

Agency History

On November 13, 1835, the Consultation created the Office of Adjutant General as one of five heads of departments under the commander-in-chief of the Texian Army (the other offices being inspector general, quartermaster general, surgeon general, and paymaster general). On December 20, 1836, the 1st Congress passed "an Act to organize and fix the Military establishment of the Republic of Texas," which in addition to the aforementioned bureaus, created a commissary general of subsistence, a commissary general of purchases, and a colonel of ordnance, all of whom answered to the Secretary of War. On December 18, 1837, Congress passed—and later passed again over President Sam Houston's veto—an act making the adjutant general a position elected by the congress; the first man so elected was Hugh McLeod. This arrangement lasted less than two years, however, with subsequent adjutant generals—beginning with McLeod on January 30, 1839—being appointed by the president. Congress combined the offices of adjutant general and inspector general on January 28, 1840, and technically abolished this position on January 18, 1841. However, Peter Hansborough Bell served as adjutant general of militia soon thereafter; and in legislation of February 1842, there is a reference to an acting adjutant general.

Whereas under the Republic the adjutant general was subservient to the secretary of war, under statehood the position was elevated to that of head of all military departments. After annexation, the 1st Texas Legislature provided for an adjutant general to be appointed by the governor, in "an Act to organize the Militia of the State of Texas" (April 21, 1846). The duties which fell to the adjutant general included the issuance of all military orders; the maintenance of records of appointments, promotions, resignations, deaths, commissions, etc.; the receipt of monthly and annual returns; and muster rolls from the various military units; the keeping of the records of general courts martial; recruitment and enrollment of Rangers and militiamen; and now, the issuing of all bounty and donation land warrants on the basis of military service to the Republic. This last duty was assumed by the commissioner of claims, pursuant to an Act of the legislature passed August 1, 1856; the office of the adjutant general had been the victim of apparent arson in October 1855, allegedly by persons engaged in land certificate fraud. The position of adjutant general was itself reestablished by the Militia Law of February 14, 1860, by which act he also assumed the duties of quartermaster general and ordnance officer of the state.

The Civil War brought a reorganization of the office with the act of December 25, 1861, that created an adjutant and inspector general, who would also serve as quartermaster, commissary general, and ordnance officer. Oversight of the 33 brigades of the Texas State Troops plus the Frontier Regiment fell to this office, just as later adjutant generals would split their time between the Militia and the Rangers (whatever the prevailing terminology). The demands of the Confederate States Army, often conflicting with the needs and desires of the State of Texas, would affect the entire period of the war.

During the Congressional phase of Reconstruction, the military affairs of the State of Texas, and many aspects of civil government, were controlled by the commander of the District of Texas (1866-1868) or of the 5th Military District (1868-1870). Within months of Texas' readmission to the Union under Radical Republican Governor Edmund J. Davis (1870), the 12th Legislature, 1st Called Session, created the Frontier Forces (June 13), the State Guard and Reserve Militia (June 24), and the State Police (July 1), all of which were commanded by a newly restored state Adjutant General. On November 25, 1871, the 12th Legislature, 2nd Session, added a fifth organization, the Minute Men. The first Adjutant General so appointed, James Davidson, absconded with over $37,000 of state funds in 1872. The 13th Legislature merged the State Guard and Reserve Militia into a simple state militia on March 19, 1873, and abolished the State Police force on April 22, 1873.

(Sources include: Olson, Bruce A., "Texas National Guard," and Proctor, Ben H. "Texas Rangers," Handbook of Texas Online, both accessed August 21, 2019, and the records themselves.)

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Scope and Contents of the Records

The Texas Adjutant General's Department oversees the military interests of Texas to serve the state civil authorities and the citizens of Texas. During the Congressional phase of Reconstruction, the military affairs of the State of Texas, and many aspects of civil government, were controlled by the commander of the District of Texas (1866-1868), or of the 5th Military District (1868-1870). Within months of Texas' readmission to the Union under Radical Republican Governor Edmund J. Davis (1870), the 12th Texas Legislature, 1st Called Session, created the Frontier Forces (June 13), the State Guard and Reserve Militia (June 24), and the State Police (July 1), all of which were commanded by a newly restored state adjutant general.

These records were created by the 5th Military District or the District of Texas (1865-1870), the State Police (1870-1873), and the State Guard and Reserve Militia (1870-1874) to document official actions taken to uphold the law in Texas. Types of records include military orders; correspondence, petitions, and sworn statements; reports of crimes, arrests, and fugitives from justice; certificates of disability; court martial proceedings; annual militia returns; militia rolls; a hospital report; affidavits of loss and damage; quartermaster records (especially vouchers), pay vouchers, ordnance records, and accounts for moneys collected and disbursed; and other financial records, dating 1865-1874, and undated. The inventory description reflects racial terms used in the records themselves which may be considered offensive.

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Organization of the Records

These records are organized into three series:
5th Military District/District of Texas records, 1865-1870, undated, 1.82 cubic ft.
  • Military orders, 1865-1870, 1.58 cubic ft.
  • Correspondence, 1867-1870, undated, 0.1 cubic ft.
  • Record of murders and assaults, 1867-1868, 0.03 cubic ft.
  • Quartermaster records, 1866-1868, 0.11 cubic ft.
State Police records, 1870-1873, undated, 2.81 cubic ft.
  • State Police correspondence, 1870-1873, undated, 1.06 cubic ft.
  • Reports of crimes, arrests, and fugitives, 1870-1873, 0.47 cubic ft.
  • Accounts, 1870-1873, undated, 1.28 cubic ft.
State Guard and Reserve Militia records, 1870-1874, undated, 1.96 cubic ft.
  • Correspondence, 1870-1874, bulk 1870, 0.49 cubic ft.
  • Certificates of disability, 1870, 0.05 cubic ft.
  • Court martial proceedings, 1870-1871, 0.17 cubic ft.
  • Annual returns of militia, 1870-1872, 0.17 cubic ft.
  • Militia rolls, 1870, 0.56 cubic ft.
  • Hospital report, 1871, 0.05 cubic ft.
  • Affidavits of loss and damage, 1871-1872, 0.05 cubic ft.
  • Quartermaster records, 1870-1873, undated, bulk 1871, 0.37 cubic ft.
  • Accounts, 1871, 0.05 cubic ft.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

None.

Technical Requirements

Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken or ready to break. Therefore, they may not be photocopied and must be treated with great care.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Subjects (Organizations):
Texas. Militia.
Texas Rangers.
Texas State Guard.
Texas State Police.
United States. Army. District of Texas.
United States. Army. Military District, 5th.
Subjects:
Cattle stealing--Texas.
Civil defense--Texas.
Civil-military relations--Texas.
Crime--Texas.
Firearms--Texas.
Freedmen--Texas.
Horse stealing--Texas.
Indians of North America--Wars--Texas.
Martial law--Texas.
Peace officers--Texas.
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)--Texas.
Places:
Texas--Boundaries.
Texas--History--1846-1950.
Texas--History, Military.
Texas--Militia.
Texas--Race relations.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas.
Financial records--Texas.
Orders (military records)--Texas.
Petitions--Texas.
Reports--Texas.
Rosters--Texas.
Functions:
Protecting state.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department Civil War records, 1855, 1860-1866, undated, bulk 1861-1865, 17.96 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department departmental correspondence, 1846-1943, bulk 1861-1933, 121.62 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records, 1839-1975, undated, bulk 1854-1918, 41.44 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction military rolls, 1865-1866, 1870-1877, undated, bulk 1870-1874, 20.25 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department service records, Minute Men service records, 1855-1862, 1872-1874, 0.5 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department service records, State Police service records, 1870-1871, 5 cubic ft.
Texas Department of Criminal Justice records, 1849-2004, 170.08 cubic ft. and 4.1 GB (145 files)
Texas Governor Andrew Jackson Hamilton records, 1865-1866, 3.5 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Edmund J. Davis records, 1869-1874, 15.5 cubic ft.
Texas Governor Elisha Marshall Pease records of his third term, 1865-1869, undated, bulk 1867-1869, 3.25 cubic ft.
Texas Governor James W. Throckmorton records, 1866-1867, 2 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State extradition records, 1837-1940, bulk 1875-1900, 57 cubic ft.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession numbers: 1931/003, 1933/001, and unknown others

One volume was transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Secretary of State on November 5, 1931. The majority of the records were transferred by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934. Prior to these accessions, some unidentified State Police records were transferred "from the Comptroller's basement" during the 1911-1912 biennium.

Processing Information

Tony Black, December 1986, May 1988

Corrections and further encoding to TARO project standards by Tony Black, March 2002

Finding aid converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by TARO using the style sheet v1to02.xsl, July 2003

Folder-level description and editing for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019

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Detailed Description of the Records

5th Military District/District of Texas records, 1865-1870, undated,
1.82 cubic ft.

After the conclusion of the Civil War the United States Congress divided the South into five military districts. Texas and Louisiana constituted the Fifth Military District, with headquarters in New Orleans, Louisiana. These records were produced during federal military reconstruction in Texas between the end of the Civil War and the readmission of Texas to the Union, and date 1865-1870, undated. The records include: military orders (general, special, and circular) emanating mainly from the headquarters of the District of Texas (1866-1868) and the headquarters of the 5th Military District (1868-1870) in New Orleans, Louisiana; letters, petitions, and sworn statements received by military officers of those headquarters; a volume reporting serious crimes committed in 1867 and early 1868; and quartermaster records relating to the 1st Battalion, 17th Infantry Regiment, and United States Army (1866-1868).
Organization
The records are organized into four subseries:
Military orders, 1865-1870, 1.58 cubic ft.
Correspondence, 1867-1870, undated, 0.1 cubic ft.
Record of murders and assaults, 1867-1868, 0.03 cubic ft.
Quartermaster records, 1866-1868, 0.11 cubic ft.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Minute Men military rolls, 1865-1866, 0.14 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department Ranger records, Parker and Wise County Minute Men records, 1865-1866, 0.11 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), 5th Military District/District of Texas records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1931/003 and 1933/001
One volume was transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Secretary of State on November 5, 1931. The majority of the records were transferred by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Edited for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
Military orders, 1865-1870,
1.58 cubic ft.
These records consist of printed circulars, general orders, and special orders issued by several federal offices of military reconstruction in Texas, 1865-1870. The majority are special orders emanating from the headquarters of the 5th Military District in Austin, 1868-1870, with a handful from the headquarters of the 5th Military District in New Orleans, 1867-1868. A significant number of orders were issued by the headquarters of the District of Texas, both in Galveston (1866-1867) and in Austin (1867-1868). A small number of special orders, all handwritten, were issued by cavalry headquarters, Department of Texas (December 1865). A handful came from the offices of the Adjutant General and the Commissary General of Subsistence, both in Washington, D.C. (1866 and 1869). Finally, a sizable number of circulars and general orders were issued by the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (commonly known as the Freedmen's Bureau), both the central office in Washington, D.C. (1865-1867) and the regional office(s) in Texas: Galveston (1865-1867), Brownsville (1867), and Austin (1867-1868).
The overwhelming majority of the special orders are extracts dealing with appointments, resignations, and removals of political officials in Texas, mostly county and municipal. In some cases there are multiple copies of the orders, with notations as to the distribution of the copies–most commonly, one to the governor and one to the secretary of state. Almost one-third of the total are in the form of bound booklets of military orders assembled by the state treasurer, 1868-1870.
There are also three volumes of unknown origin that contain printed orders, either pasted down or tipped in. These special orders were issued by the District of Texas and the 5th Military District between April 15, 1867 and July 3, 1869. The second volume contains a printed index of special orders issued from the headquarters of the District of Texas in 1867.
Arrangement
These records are arranged first by issuing office, then by type of order (circular, general, special), and finally numerically (which is to say, chronologically).
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Military orders, 5th Military District/District of Texas records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Edited for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
Headquarters, Cavalry, Department of Texas
Box Folder
401-860 1. Special orders, December 1865
Adjutant General (Washington, D.C.)
Box Folder
401-860 2. General orders, 1866, 1869
2. Special orders, 1866
Commissary General of Subsistence, (Washington, D.C.)
Box Folder
401-860 2. Circular, 1866
2nd Military District (South Carolina)
Box Folder
401-860 2. Circular, 1868
District of Texas (Galveston)
3. Circulars, 1867
3. General orders, 1866-1867
4. Special orders, April-May 1867
5. Special orders, June-July 1867
6. Special orders,
District of Texas (Austin)
Box Folder
401-860 7. General orders, 1868
8. Special orders, October-November 1867
9. Special orders, November 20-30, 1867
5th Military District (New Orleans)
Box Folder
401-860 10. Circulars, 1867-1868
10. General orders, 1868
11. Special orders, 1867-1868
5th Military District (Austin)
Box Folder
401-860 12. General orders, 1868
13. General orders, 1869-1870
14. Memoranda, 1869
14. General courts martial, November 1868
15. Special orders, August-December 1868
16-17. Special orders, January 1869
18-19. Special orders, February 1869
20-21. Special orders, March 1869
22-23. Special orders, April 1869
24-26. Special orders, May 1869
27-28. Special orders, June 1869
Box Folder
401-861 1-2. Special orders, July 1869
3-5. Special orders, August 1869
6-7. Special orders, September 1869
8. Special orders, October 1869
9-10. Special orders, November 1869
11. Special orders, December 1869
12-13. Special orders, January 1870
14-15. Special orders, February 1870
16-18. Special orders, March 1870
19-20. Special orders, April 1870
5th Military District, military orders
Box Folder
401-862 1. February-December 1868
2. September 18, 1868-April 24, 1869
3. April 26-May 26, 1869
4. May 19-July 10, 1869
5. July 8-August 16, 1869
6. August 12-November 3, 1869
7. November 5-December 31, 1869
8. January 1870
9. February 1870
10. February 24-April 1, 1870
Freedmen's Bureau (Washington, D.C.)
Box Folder
401-861 21. Circulars, 1865
22. Circulars, 1866
23. Circulars, 1867
Freedmen's Bureau (Galveston)
Box Folder
401-861 24. Circulars, 1865-1866
25. Circulars, 1867
26. General orders, 1867
Freedmen's Bureau (Brownsville)
Box Folder
401-861 26. General orders, 1867
Freedmen's Bureau (Austin)
Box Folder
401-861 27. Circulars, 1868
27. General orders, 1867-1868
Special orders
Volume
401-999 April-November 1867
Volume
401-1133 (plus index), July 1867-June 1868
Volume
401-1134 July 1868-July 1869
Correspondence, 1867-1870, undated,
0.1 cubic ft.
These records consist of letters, petitions, and sworn statements received by military officers of the District of Texas (1867) and the 5th Military District (1868-1870, and undated). Often the correspondence was addressed to either the governor of Texas or the secretary of state, with notations on the reverse that the matter was referred to the appropriate military commander; occasionally the item was addressed to the military official and subsequently referred to the governor. Some include pre-printed jacket covers marked "Headquarters, 5th Military District," plus either "Office of Secretary for Civil Affairs" or "Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands [R.F. and A.L.]." Most of the items also include file numbers in red, which contain the abbreviations "D. of T." for "District of Texas" or "5 M.D." for "5th Military District." The subject matter of the majority of the items is either "outrages" or political appointments.
Arrangement
These records are arranged roughly chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence, 5th Military District/District of Texas records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Edited for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
Correspondence, District of Texas
Box Folder
401-862 11. February-August 1867
12. September-December 1867
12. February 1868
Correspondence, 5th Military District
Box Folder
401-862 13. 1868
14. 1869
15. 1870
16. undated
Record of murders and assaults, 1867-1868,
0.03 cubic ft.
These records consist of one volume, totalling over 250 pages, reporting serious crimes committed in 1867 and early 1868 in Texas. Information includes: date, number, name and race of criminal, name and race of person injured, county, nature of the offense and/or statement of circumstances. A total of 411 murders and assaults were itemized in 1867, with an additional 98 in January and February of 1868. Following this list are many other reports, with copies of incoming correspondence, many of the letters addressed to the secretary of state.
Arrangement
Some of these records are arranged by county, but not alphabetically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Record of murders and assaults, 5th Military District/District of Texas records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1931/003
Secretary of State Jane Y. McCallum transferred this volume to the Texas State Archives on November 5, 1931.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Edited for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
Volume
401-1000 Record of murders and assaults, 1867-1868
Quartermaster records, 1866-1868,
0.11 cubic ft.
These consist of quartermaster records relating to 1st Lieutenant Malcolm McArthur, acting quartermaster, 1st Battalion, 17th Regiment of Infantry, United States Army, stationed at Galveston and Houston, Texas, from August 1866 through October 1868. The types of documents represented include: monthly returns of clothing, camp and garrison equipage, monthly returns of quartermaster stores; monthly returns of commissary property; monthly returns of public animals; monthly returns of provisions received, issued, and remaining on hand; quarterly ordnance returns; receipts of clothing, camp and garrison equipage; invoices of subsistence stores transferred; lists of quartermaster stores expended, transferred or received; weekly reports of the condition of supplies of forage; monthly reports of forage; reports of army officers whose quarters and fuel are commuted; abstracts of articles received; abstracts of extra issues; abstracts of fuel, stationery, forage, and tobacco issued; abstracts of provisions issued to troops, and of provisions sold to officers; abstracts of purchases on account of army subsistence; requisitions for fuel and for stationery; vouchers; estimates of camp and garrison equipage required; monthly summary statements of funds received, disbursed and transferred; accounts current of all moneys received, expended and transferred on account of army subsistence; invoices of subsistence funds turned over; and letters of receipt of commissary accounts.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Quartermaster records, 5th Military District/District of Texas records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Edited for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
Box Folder
401-862 17. August-September 1866
18. October 1866
19. November 1866
20. December 1866
Box Folder
401-863 1-2. January 1867
3-4. February 1867
5. March 1867
6-7. April 1867
8. May 1867
9. June 1867
9. October 1868

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State Police records, 1870-1873, undated,
2.81 cubic ft.

The Texas State Police was created by the Police Act of July 1870 in response to a drastic rise in crime. Adjutant General James Davidson was appointed chief of State Police. These records consist of correspondence and military orders; reports of crimes, arrests, and fugitives from justice; and accounts and other financial records, 1870-1873, and undated, mostly between Adjutant General Davidson and the State Police, which operated during the Radical Republican administration of Governor Edmund J. Davis.
Organization
These records are organized into three subseries:
State Police correspondence, 1870-1873, undated, 1.06 cubic ft.
Reports of crimes, arrests, and fugitives, 1870-1873, 0.47 cubic ft.
Accounts, 1870-1873, undated, 1.28 cubic ft.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, State Police military rolls, 1870-1873, undated, bulk 1870-1871, 1.26 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department service records, State Police service records, 1870-1871, 4.7 cubic ft.
Texas Secretary of State extradition records, 1837-1940, bulk 1875-1900, 57 cubic ft.
Texas Department of Criminal Justice records, 1849-2001, 166.42 cubic ft. (especially these series: Escape record, Convict ledgers, and Conduct registers.)
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), State Police records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001, and unknown others
The majority of these records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934. Prior to this accession, some unidentified State Police records were transferred "from the Comptroller's basement" during the 1911-1912 biennium.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken or ready to break. Therefore they may not be photocopied, and must be treated with great care.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Folder-level description and editing for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
State Police correspondence, 1870-1873, undated,
1.06 cubic ft.
These records include correspondence and military orders, dating 1870-1873, undated. The correspondence consists of the Texas Adjutant General's correspondence to, from, and concerning the Texas State Police, 1870-1873, and undated. This correspondence takes three forms: loose correspondence, mostly incoming, covering the entire period of the State Police's existence (1870-1873); a register of letters received, representing an altogether different set of correspondence (1870-1871); and three letterpress books containing copies of outgoing letters (1870-1871).
The great bulk of the earlier loose incoming letters, especially those for 1870, consist of applications for positions on the Police force, including letters of recommendation, petitions, and certifications of loyalty; also prominent are letters of acceptance, receipts of commissions, and letters of resignation. Although most are addressed to Colonel James Davidson, adjutant general and chief of police, some are addressed to Governor E. J. Davis. Almost all of these types of items are coded in red ink on the reverse with a file number distinct from those for Departmental correspondence: thus, for example, "1-D-70," or "1-D-8," or "1-D-29." However, for the majority of items in subsequent years (1871-1873), the letters consist of reports from—and concerning—State Policemen and their activities, both legal and allegedly illegal. These latter also include an occasional report on crimes, submitted by sheriffs and other law enforcement officers—who were all considered ex officio members of the State Police. The non-appointment type of correspondence usually bears a file notation similar to those found in the Departmental correspondence series for this time period: e.g., "L.R. 211 A.G.O. S.T. 70," or "M 432 A.G.O. 1871," or "R 58 A.G.O. 1872."
The register of letters received, concerning the State Police, contains abstracts of 1,781 letters, which are an entirely different group from the loose letters described above. There is an index loose inside the front cover. The time period involved is only half a year: August 1870 through January 1871. The letters cited include the type of requests for appointment previously mentioned but also include reports from policemen and other more substantive topics. The format is this: date received, number (in red, which does not match the "1-D-_" number on the loose correspondence), name of correspondent, date answered (in red), place, date written, and abstract of contents.
The three letterpress books, which are also indexed, contain copies of letters sent by the adjutant general regarding the State Police, between July 1870 and August 1871.
Finally, there are two volumes containing military orders from 1870 through 1912. One enormous, fragile volume contains general orders from June 24, 1870 through January 8, 1912, some handwritten but most pasted down. Besides the State Police, the entire range of military organizations for this time period is represented: State Guard, Reserve Militia, Frontier Forces, Frontier Battalion, Ranger Force, Texas Volunteer Guard, and Texas National Guard. Another volume contains special orders, from August 1870 through April 2, 1897 (mostly handwritten); again, all military organizations are represented. The subject matter of the special orders generally includes individual or company assignments, leaves of absence, boards of survey, etc.
The researcher should also be aware that additional correspondence concerning the State Police may be found in the Departmental correspondence series of Adjutant General's Department records, including letterpress books for outgoing correspondence after August 1871.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically within each type.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), State Police correspondence, State Police records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Folder-level description and editing for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
State Police correspondence
Box Folder
401-863 10. Correspondence, January-May 1870
[Records include requests for appointment to the State Police and a petition from the citizens of Kerr and Kendall Counties recommending August Leick for a position as captain of a ranger company.]
11. Correspondence, June 1870
[Records include letters in support of August Lieck for a role as captain, stating that he is a strong supporter of the Union, and letters recommending or requesting appointment to the State Police.]
12. Correspondence, July 1870
[Records include a copy of An Act to Establish a State Police and Provide for the Regulation and Government of the Same, letters of application to the State Police, and letters offering and accepting positions in the State Police.]
13. Correspondence, July 1870
[Records include letters accepting commissions in the State Police, letters of recommendation and application to the State Police, and a letter from R.F. Campbell requesting a position for his brother G.W. Campbell.]
14. Correspondence, July 1870
[Records include letters accepting commissions in the State Police, letters of recommendation and application to the State Police, letters conveying a commission in the State Police, a letter from William Gannon declining a position as sergeant because he believes accepting anything below lieutenant would be a disservice to himself, and letters from sheriffs of Matagorda and Red River Counties that accompanied reports of crimes in their counties.]
15. Correspondence, July 1870
[Records include a letter from the sheriff of Anderson County reporting crimes committed in the area and recommending appointments to the State Police, letters of recommendation and application to the State Police, and a letter accepting a position as private.]
16. Correspondence, July 1870
[Records include a letter that originally accompanied a report of crime in Washington County from the sheriff, letters of recommendation and application to the State Police, and letters related to the accepting of commissions.]
17. Correspondence, July 1870
[Records include letters of recommendation and application to the State Police; letters from the sheriffs of Anderson, Harris, and Hunt Counties that originally accompanied reports of crime in the area; and letters related to the acceptance or refusal of positions in the State Police and questions about organization.]
18. Correspondence, July 1870
[Records include letters of recommendation and application to the State Police and letters related to the acceptance of positions in the State Police and questions about organization.]
19. Correspondence, July 1870
[Records include letters of recommendation and application to the State Police and letters related to the acceptance or refusal of positions in the State Police.]
20. Correspondence, August 1870
[Records include letters from the sheriffs of Hill, Starr, and Jasper Counties that originally accompanied reports of crimes in the area; letters of recommendation and application to the State Police; and letters related to the acceptance of positions in the State Police, including a letter from Pat Dolan accepting a position as private.]
21. Correspondence, August 1870
[Records include letters of recommendation and application to the State Police, letters related to the acceptance or refusal of positions in the State Police, a letter containing instructions to a private of the State Police 2nd Division including arrest procedures and the area to be covered by his district, and extracts from letters regarding deserters.]
22. Correspondence, August 1870
[Records include a letter of application to the State Police, letters related to the acceptance or refusal of positions in the State Police, a letter from Sgt. August Lieck regarding possible misconduct of privates under his command and requesting clarification of responsibilities, and a report of operations.]
23. Correspondence, August 1870
[Records include a request for discharge, letters regarding the circumstances that led to the escape of the murderer of a freedman in San Antonio; a letter recommending an appointment to the State Police, a letter from Pat Dolan declining commission as a private in the State Police as he prefers to join a company of rangers forming near Laredo, letters accepting positions in the State Police, and a letter charging a member of the State Police with drunkenness and failure to assist in an arrest.]
24. Correspondence, September 1870
[Records include a letter from Adjutant General James Davidson regarding a newspaper article about the misbehavior of one of the State police, letters requesting members of the State Police to report to Austin, letters accepting appointments in the State Police, a letter requesting an appointment, and a note about the dismissal of a state policeman who was arrested.]
25. Correspondence, September 1870
[Records include a report of persons evading arrest from the sheriff of Grimes County, applications and recommendations for appointment to the State Police, letters related to the acceptance of appointments, letters of resignation, a copy of an oath to be filled out upon acceptance of commission, and a letter requesting information about an application.]
26. Correspondence, October 1870
[Records include a report of persons evading arrest from the sheriff of Freestone County, letters of resignation from the State Police, an application for appointment, letters accepting a position with the State Police, a letter requesting to be reinstated with the State Police, and a wrapper for letters written by the "Huntsville Desperadoes."]
27. Correspondence, November-December 1870
[Records include letters regarding the receipt of prisoners, an affidavit as to the loss of a horse, letters regarding a lack of opportunity to act after appointment as State Police, a letter accepting a commission as sergeant, an affidavit as to the loss of a commission in an overflow of the Guadalupe River, a letter of resignation, and an affidavit to the sobriety of Henry Hilt.]
Box Folder
401-864 1. Correspondence, January 1871
[Records include letters relating to expenses, letters requesting or recommending an appointment with the State Police, letters of resignation, and letters accepting commissions.]
2. Correspondence, February, March, July 1871
[Records include a letter from a district attorney in Huntsville regarding a shootout and attempted prisoner escape in a courtroom, a diagram of streets surrounding a courthouse yard, affidavits regarding prisoners who escaped the custody of the State Police in Huntsville, letters concerning financial matters, a letter of resignation, an affidavit stating that Capt. George Farrow permitted gambling in Kosse, a letter regarding a court martial in Huntsville and evidence against Sgt. W.C. Slade, an appointment to the State Police, and letters of recommendation or application for commission.]
3. Correspondence, October, December 1871
[Records include an affidavit about a lost mule and letters regarding financial issues and supplies.]
4. Correspondence, January 1872
[Records include letters regarding financial issues, a letter to Adjutant General James Davidson in relation to affairs in Limestone County during martial law, a letter with a description of a man wanted for murder in Fredericksburg, a letter regarding a change of command, a document granting powers of attorney, and correspondence with a teacher at a colored free school regarding stationing two members of the State Police in the area to prevent a recurrence of "disagreeable affairs."]
5. Correspondence, February 1872
[Records include a report of operations and notification of a prisoner who escaped, letters regarding financial issues, letters accepting and resigning commissions, and a letter to Adjutant General James Davidson requesting he write to the district attorney of Red River County Court on behalf of a man who was found guilty of carrying a pistol illegally.]
6. Correspondence, March 1872
[Records include letters regarding wanted criminals and arrests made, a notice of reward with descriptions of two horse thieves and the horses that were stolen, a request for appointment to the State Police, and a power of attorney.]
7. Correspondence, April 1872
[Records include a letter to Adjutant General James Davidson from a Red River County Sheriff in his own defense against slanderous letters sent to Governor Edmund J. Davis, a request for appointment to the State Police, and correspondence regarding arrests made and financial matters.]
8. Correspondence, May 1872
[Records include a letter to Governor Edmund J. Davis requesting a refund of a fine collected while Walker County was under martial law, a letter to Adjutant General James Davidson concerning the suspension of a member of the State Police and requesting he be reinstated, a wrapper and letter with a description of a shootout, and a petition to offer J.M. Millican an appointment.]
9. Correspondence, June 1872
[Records include a letter from the sheriff of Cherokee County reporting the misconduct of two men claiming to be State Police, a letter from J.M. Redmon approving of the State Police stationed at Corsicana and reporting no signs of gambling, a letter from the sheriff of Red River County defending himself against allegations of being slow to action, a sworn testimony listing charges against J.M. Redmon, a bond, and a letter from a man in Burkeville regarding anti-Republican sentiment.]
10. Correspondence, July 1872
[Records include a petition from citizens of Atascosa County to Governor Edmund J. Davis for State Police to be stationed in the area and a recommendation, affidavits and statements in the favor of J.M. Redmon in answer to charges brought against him, a bond transmitted by privates in the State Police, and a letter regarding lack of pay.]
11. Correspondence, August 1872
[Records include a letter to Governor Edmund J. Davis requesting State Police be sent to Brazoria County to protect Unionists citizens, bonds from privates of the State Police, and a letter regarding a gun that is in the possession of a man who was discharged despite it being state property.]
12. Correspondence, September 1872
[Records include reports of operations and letters relating to appointments and financial issues.]
13. Correspondence, October 1872
[Records include reports of operations including arrests made, a resignation from the State Police, a document granting power of attorney, bonds signed by members of the State Police, a receipt for a gun captured from a prisoner, recommendations for appointment to the State Police, and a letter from the registrar with a list of names to be appointed State Policemen.]
14. Correspondence, November 1872
[Records include a recommendation for appointment to the State Police, a letter from a state policeman complaining of lack of pay, letters relating to the appointment of members of the State Police, a letter regarding the whereabouts of a murderer, and a petition to have Pvt. M.L. Wooley permanently stationed at McDade.]
15. Correspondence, December 1872
[Records include bonds from privates in the State Police, a letter from a recently discharged member of the State Police requesting his pay for the last year, letters regarding appointments and financial issues, a memorandum to Adjutant General James Davidson from Governor Edmund J. Davis regarding martial law in Limestone, and letters related to the issuance of bonds.]
16. Correspondence, January 1873
[Records include reports of arrests made, a resolution of the House of Representatives examining the legality of a tax levied by the Adjutant General on a resident of Hill County, letters regarding appointments and dismissals from the State Police, and a letter regarding financial misconduct carried out by the sheriff of Webb County.]
17. Correspondence, February 1873
[Records include a report of operations, including arrests made; letters from Sgt. J.M. Redmon regarding troubles in Lampasas County; and a letter from a justice of the peace in Burnet County regarding the possible wrongful arrest of a free man of color by a man claiming to be a member of the State Police.]
18. Correspondence, March 1873
[Records include a letter from the justice of the peace of Gillespie County requesting a copy of any law which gives the State Police the authority to examine his official conduct, a report of operations, a list of statements regarding J.H. Adams and his failure to make an arrest and a letter from J.H. Adams responding to each of the statements, reports of arrests made, and letters related to remaining in service.]
19. Correspondence, April-July 1873, undated
[Records include a letter regarding prisoners who escaped jail in Brenham, a letter from Lt. J.M. Redmon reporting on his pursuit of John Wesley Hardin and his gang, a letter from the sheriff of Coryell County reporting the number of murders in the area, a copy of the oath sworn by State Police, a petition with a recommendation for appointment to the State Police, a list of members of the State Police who have been examined by a doctor in Huntsville, letters related to financial issues, reports of operations including arrests made, and a letter from the justice of the peace of Gillespie County to Adjutant General Frank L. Britton explaining that the only authority he recognizes is that of the Grand Jury or the District Court.]
Volume
401-985 Register of letters received, August 1870-January 1871
Letterpress books
Volume
401-1030 July 1-December 31, 1870
Volume
401-1031 January 3-April 26, 1871
Volume
401-1032 April 26-August 15, 1871
Military orders
Volume
401-984 General orders, 1870-1873
[Overall date span for this volume is 1870-1912, covering entire range of military organizations in Texas for this time period.]
Volume
401-1012 Special orders, 1870-1873
[Overall date span for this volume is 1870-1897, covering entire range of military organizations in Texas for this time period.]
Reports of crimes, arrests, and fugitives, 1870-1873,
0.47 cubic ft.
These records consist of reports of crimes, arrests, and fugitives from justice, made to the Texas Adjutant General by sheriffs, state policemen, district clerks, and other law enforcement authorities during the administration of the Radical Republicans, 1870-1873.
The loose material includes three types of reports, often on pre-printed forms: reports of crimes committed (1870), reports of persons evading arrest (1870), and weekly reports of State Police (1872-1873). The Reports (or Returns) of Crimes Committed—usually on Form No. 1—were submitted normally by the sheriff of the county, but sometimes by the district clerk or even a State Policeman in the county. Information provided in these reports includes the following: when and where the offense was committed, by whom committed (name, nativity, sex, race, age, residence), when and where arrested, present whereabouts, whether the criminal is at large or in confinement, and remarks. The Reports of Persons Evading Arrest—usually on Form No. 2—were also submitted by the county officials, and included more or less the same information as above, with the addition of physical descriptions (color of hair and eyes, and height). This latter sort of report is identical in form and purpose to the ones that were later called "Fugitives from Justice," published in 1878, 1880, 1891, and 1900. Both of these types of reports are filed together, mostly in response to a request for the information issued by Adjutant General James Davidson July 2, 1870 to aid the newly formed State Police in their service.
The third type of report, Weekly Reports of State Police, consist of 13 oversize reports, most from the 22nd and 23rd Senatorial Districts, all filed by Private (later Sergeant and then Lieutenant) J. M. Redmon: 11 from Denton, one from Gainesville, and one from Hempstead. They date from February 1872 through March 1873. Included in these reports are: date of arrest, name of party arrested, where arrested, offence, against whom, number of miles traveled, counties visited, and name of the State Policeman making the arrest, and remarks.
In addition to the loose material, there are three volumes. Two of these volumes are reports of arrests by State Police, 1870-1873, with almost 440 pages filled. Information contained in these reports included the following: number and name of criminal; when, where, and by whom arrested; tally marks in a series of columns indicating the types of crime (e.g., murder, attempt to kill, assault and battery, theft of horse, etc.); number of miles traveled, amount of property captured, attempts of arrests, crime, and remarks.
The third volume, containing 163 pages filled, consists of a register of reports from approximately 80 individuals—some of them, at least, State Policemen—between December 1872 and March 1873. Information includes: date, file number of the letter or report, report (e.g., "reports condition of affairs and urges martial law"), number and names of persons arrested, number of miles traveled, counties visited, offense, and remarks.
Arrangement
The loose records are arranged alphabetically by county.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Secretary of State extradition records, 1837-1940, bulk 1875-1900, 57 cubic ft.
Texas Department of Criminal Justice records, 1849-2001, 166.42 cubic ft. (especially these series: Escape record, Convict ledgers, and Conduct registers.)
Publications
Texas Adjutant General's Department, List of Fugitives from Justice, 1878, 1880, 1891, and 1900 (the 1880 and 1900 reports were bound with the Adjutant General's reports, and the 1878 and 1891 reports were published separately).
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Reports of crimes, arrests, and fugitives, State Police records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Folder-level description and editing for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
Reports of crimes, 1870, 1872-1873
Box Folder
401-864 20. Anderson, Angelina, Atascosa, and Austin Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest; a majority of the crime in Atascosa is related to theft of livestock, while Anderson and Austin Counties report a range of crimes including theft, assault, and murder.]
21. Bandera, Bastrop, Bee, Bell, Blanco, and Bosque Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest, including the names of parties associated with the Sutton-Taylor feud in Bandera County.]
22. Bowie, Brazoria, Burleson, and Burnet Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest; a majority of crimes reported are murders.]
23. Caldwell, Calhoun, and Cameron Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest, including an entry for Juan N. Cortina for the murder of Vivian Garcia in Cameron County.]
24. Collin and Comal Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest, including a newspaper clipping advertizing an award for prisoners who escaped from Comal County Jail.]
25. Dallas, Davis, DeWitt, and Denton Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest; a majority of the crimes committed in DeWitt County are horse thefts, while Dallas County primarily reported murders and thefts.]
26. El Paso and Ellis Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest and a document listing the police force of El Paso County.]
27. Falls, Fannin, Fayette, and Fort Bend Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest, including a charge in Fort Bend County for disturbing a religious congregation.]
28. Galveston, Gillespie, Goliad, Gonzales, Grimes, and Guadalupe Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest; a majority of crimes reported for Gonzales, Gillespie, and Grimes Counties are murders.]
29. Hamilton, Harris, Harrison, and Hays Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest; a majority of crimes reported in Hays County were related to the theft of livestock.]
30. Hill, Hopkins, Houston, and Hunt Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest, including a newspaper clipping advertising a reward for three men who killed a steamboat captain.]
31. Jack, Jackson, and Jasper Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest, including several livestock-related crimes in Jackson County.]
32. Karnes, Kaufman, Kendall, and Kerr Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest; the majority of crimes committed in Kendall County were thefts.]
33. Lamar, Lavaca, Leon, Liberty, Limestone, Live Oak, and Llano Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest, including a return of the police force of Lavaca County.]
34. McLennan, Madison, Mason, Matagorda, Medina, Montague, and Montgomery Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest; the return for Montgomery County has several entries for card playing and retailing liquor.]
35. Navarro and Nueces Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest, including several livestock-related crimes in Navarro County.]
36. Orange, Parker, Polk, and Presidio Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest, including an entry for John Hardin wanted for murder in 1869 in Polk County.]
37. Red River, Refugio, and Rusk Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest, including a return of the police force of Red River County.]
38. San Augustine, San Patricio, Shelby, and Smith Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest; murder or attempt to murder were the most common crimes committed.]
39. Tarrant, Titus, Travis, and Trinity Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest, including an entry for John Hardin for assault with intent to kill in Trinity County. Entry also mentions his killing of a "freed boy" in Polk County.]
40. Upshur, Uvalde, and Van Zandt Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest, including several entries for gaming in Upshur County.]
41. Walker, Washington, Wharton, Williamson, Wilson, and Wise Counties
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest; a return of police force for Washington County listing all members, their race, and their age; and an entry explaining the innocence of a teacher at a "colored school" who assaulted a member of the KK [sic].]
42. Zapata County
[Records include reports of crime or persons evading arrest for Zapata County,including two entries for murderers who are believed to have escaped to Mexico.]
Oversize Folder
401-824 6. Weekly reports of State Policemen, 1872-1873
[Records include weekly reports of a detachment of the State Police in the 22 and 23 senatorial district under the charge of Sgt. J.M. Redmon.]
Reports of arrests by State Police
Volume
401-1001 1870-1871
Volume
401-1002 1871-1873
Volume
401-1003 Register of reports, 1872-1873
Accounts, 1870-1873, undated,
1.28 cubic ft.
These records comprise financial records of the Texas State Police, 1870-1873, and undated, including loose material and seven volumes. The loose material consists mainly of accounts current and abstracts of disbursements for the support of the State Police, often on oversize sheets. In addition, there are a few other types of financial records, including certificates of indebtedness, receipts of certificates of indebtedness, bills (especially for shipping and hauling), vouchers (e.g., for postage, telegrams, travel expenses), lists of claims, and receipts of draft animals (mainly mules).
Folder 30 contains an unlabeled, thin volume that is apparently a list of pay vouchers for State Policemen, arranged alphabetically, including the following information: name, rank, months (but no year), a number which may be a voucher number, comments, and amount. The list is probably missing the first and last pages, since it begins with the name Baker, and ends with the name Sammons.
Two of the seven volumes—one apparently a duplicate of the other—consist of accounts current, 1872-1873. The three cash books (each of which contains an index) indicate payments to individuals of sums (presumably for salaries and expenses), 1870-1872. The first two of these cash books include columns for date of payment, person, town, inclusive dates, amount, and comments, plus periodic recapitulations. The third cash book, which covers only January-December 1871, is divided into two parts: one chronological, the second alphabetical; information here includes date of payment, date the check was forwarded, name to whom paid, address, inclusive dates, amount per month, and amount for each month. The fourth volume contains accounts of moneys owed and paid to State Policemen for ordnance, uniforms, badges, horses, etc. (1871-1872); this volume is indexed. The final volume is miscellaneous: State policemen who were loaned horses from Murchison's stable by General Britton for the Lampasas trip; stoppages against pay of State Police, March 28, 1873; amounts due for uniform, State Police; roster of State Police, March 29, 1873; and ordnance and ordnance stores in hands of state policemen, March 31, 1873.
Arrangement
The loose records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Accounts, State Police records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Edited for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
Accounts
Box Folder
401-865 1. July-August 1870
2. September-October 1870
3. November-December 1870
4. January-February 1871
5. March 1871
6. May-June 1871
7. July 1871
8. August 1871
9. September 1871
10-11. October 1871
12. November 1871
13. December 1871
14-16. January 1872
17. February 1872
18. March 1872
19. April 1872
20. May 1872
21. June 1872
22. July 1872
23. August 1872
24. September 1872
25. October 1872
26. March 1873
27. April 1873
28. May 1873
29. June 1873
30. Volume of pay vouchers, undated
Oversize Folder
401-824 1-5. Accounts (oversize), 1870-1873
Accounts current
Volume
401-1004 November 1872-August 1873
Volume
401-1005 November 1872-August 1873
Police cash books
Volume
401-1006 1870-1872
Volume
401-1007 1872
Volume
401-1008 1871
Volume
401-1009 Accounts of moneys owed and paid (for ordnance, uniforms, etc.), 1871-1872
Volume
401-1010 Miscellaneous volume, 1873

Return to the Table of Contents




State Guard and Reserve Militia records, 1870-1874, undated,
1.96 cubic ft.

The State Guard and Reserve Militia, which operated under Governor Edmund J. Davis' administration, augmented state, county, and local police in upholding the law. These records consist of correspondence, military orders, certificates of disability, court martial proceedings from Walker County, annual militia returns, militia rolls of persons who paid for exemption from duty in fifteen counties, a hospital report, affidavits of loss and damage caused by the Reserve Militia in Harrison County, quartermaster records (especially vouchers), pay vouchers, ordnance records, and accounts for moneys collected and disbursed during three instances of martial law. The records of the State Guard and the Reserve Militia date 1870-1874, and undated.
Organization
These records are organized into nine subseries:
Correspondence, 1870-1874, bulk 1870, 0.49 cubic ft.
Certificates of disability, 1870, 0.05 cubic ft.
Court martial proceedings, 1870-1871, 0.17 cubic ft.
Annual returns of militia, 1870-1872, 0.17 cubic ft.
Militia rolls, 1870, 0.56 cubic ft.
Hospital report, 1871, 0.05 cubic ft.
Affidavits of loss and damage, 1871-1872, 0.05 cubic ft.
Quartermaster records, 1870-1873, undated, bulk 1871, 0.37 cubic ft.
Accounts, 1871, 0.05 cubic ft.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, State Guard military rolls, 1870-1873, undated, bulk 1870-1871, 2.07 cubic ft.
Texas Adjutant General's Department military rolls, Reserve Militia military rolls, 1870-1873, undated, bulk 1870-1871, 11.62 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and cite the subseries), State Guard and Reserve Militia records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1933/001
The majority of these records were transferred to the Texas State Archives by the Texas Adjutant General's Department on February 21, 1934.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Letterpress books are extremely fragile; pages are tissue-thin and bindings are either broken or ready to break. Therefore, they may not be photocopied and must be treated with great care.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Edited for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
Correspondence, 1870-1874, bulk 1870,
0.49 cubic ft.
These records include Texas Adjutant General's Department correspondence and military orders, dating 1870-1874, bulk 1870. The Adjutant General correspondence concerning the State Guard and the Reserve Militia, 1870-1874, bulk 1870, consists of loose letters received, 1870-1874; one register of letters received, 1870-1871; and two letterpress books of letters sent, 1870-1871.
The loose material consists of letters received by the Adjutant General, mostly from August-December 1870. Almost all of the items are letters from militia officers accepting their appointments, or transmittal letters for the oaths of these officers. Arrangement is by regiment, and chronological therein. Not all of the regiments of the State Guard are represented, and even fewer of the regiments of the Reserve Militia. The finding aids for the Texas Adjutant General's Department, Military rolls, State Guard military rolls and Reserve Militia military rolls contain reference charts, which will help the researcher match the regiment with its county or town.
Volume 401-1011 is a register of letters received concerning the State Guard, the Reserve Militia, and also the Frontier Forces, between July 18, 1870, and January 10, 1871. As with most such registers, the format includes the date the letter was received by the Adjutant General, a file number (in red ink), the name of the correspondent, the disposition of the letter (in red ink), the place, the date, and a brief summary of the purport. An index accompanies the register.
The two letterpress books contain copies of letters sent by the Adjutant General concerning the State Guard and Reserve Militia, between June 22, 1870, and December 18, 1871. They are both indexed.
Finally, there are two volumes containing military orders from 1870 through 1912. One enormous, fragile volume contains general orders from June 24, 1870, through January 8, 1912, some handwritten but most pasted down. Besides the State Guard and the Reserve Militia, the entire range of military organizations for this time period is represented: State Police, Frontier Forces, Frontier Battalion, Ranger Force, Texas Volunteer Guard, and Texas National Guard. Another volume contains Special Orders, from August 1870 through April 2, 1897 (mostly handwritten); again, all military organizations are represented. The subject matter of the special orders generally includes individual or company assignments, leaves of absence, boards of survey, etc.
Arrangement
The loose records are arranged by regiment, and chronologically therein. The register of letters received and the letterpress books are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence, State Guard and Reserve Militia records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Edited for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
Correspondence, State Guard
Box Folder
401-865 31. 1st Regiment, 1871-1872
31. 2nd Regiment, 1874
31. 3rd Regiment, 1870
32. 6th Regiment, 1870
32. 7th Regiment, 1870
33. 8th Regiment, 1870-1871
34. 9th Regiment, 1870
34. 10th Regiment, 1870
Correspondence, Reserve Militia
Box Folder
401-865 35. 1st Regiment, 1870
35. 2nd Regiment, 1870
36. 3rd Regiment, 1870
36. 4th Regiment, 1870-1871
37. 6th Regiment, 1870
37. 7th Regiment, 1870
38. 8th Regiment, 1870
38. 9th Regiment, 1870
39. 10th Regiment, 1870
39. 11th Regiment, 1870
39. 13th Regiment, 1870
40. 14th Regiment, 1870
40. 15th Regiment, 1870
41. 17th Regiment, 1870
41. 18th Regiment, 1870
41. 19th Regiment, 1870
42. 21st Regiment, 1870
42. 23rd Regiment, 1870
42. 27th Regiment, 1870
42. 31st Regiment, 1871
42. 45th Regiment, 1871
42. 94th Regiment, 1871
Volume
401-1011 Register of letters received, 1870-1871
Letterpress books
Volume
401-1033 June-December 1870
Volume
401-1034 December 1870-December 1871
Military orders
Volume
401-984 General orders, 1870-1873
[Overall date span for this volume is 1870-1912, covering entire range of military organizations in Texas for this time period.]
Volume
401-1012 Special Orders, 1870-1873
[Overall date span for this volume is 1870-1897, covering entire range of military organizations in Texas for this time period.]
Certificates of disability, 1870,
0.05 cubic ft.
These records consist of certificates of disability, by which physicians recommended exemption from Texas militia/military duty for individuals with specific physical and/or medical conditions. These certificates date from July and August 1870, and include individuals in Brazoria, Bell, and Karnes Counties.
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically by names of individuals.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Certificates of disability, State Guard and Reserve Militia records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Edited for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
Box Folder
401-865 43. A-G, 1870
44. H-M, 1870
45. P-W, 1870
Court martial proceedings, 1870-1871,
0.17 cubic ft.
These records consist of the proceedings of a general court martial that convened at Huntsville, in Walker County, Texas, in late February and early March 1871, for the trial of a number of citizens: J. L. Boatner, Lucien Bowen, C. Briffield, Benjamin Courtadt, J. R. Cox, H. W. Fisher, John P. Garrett, Cyrus Hess, C. Keenan, G. Luff, Nathaniel Outlaw, George W. Rather, Thomas Walker, and Samuel Wilson. Detailed for the court martial were a number of officers of the State Guard and the Reserve Militia. Supporting documents accompanying these proceedings included correspondence, general orders, special orders, court martial orders, affidavits, briefs, petitions, and proclamations. The records date 1870-1871.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by trial, roughly chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Court martial proceedings, State Guard and Reserve Militia records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Edited for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
Box Folder
401-866 1. General, 1870-1871
2. vs. George Rather, 1871
3. vs. Thomas Walker, 1871
4. vs. Cyrus Hess, 1871
5. vs. Benjamin Courtadt, 1871
6. vs. C. Briffield, et al., 1871
7. vs. Nathaniel Outlaw, 1871
Annual returns of militia, 1870-1872,
0.17 cubic ft.
These records consist of three oversize annual returns of Texas militia personnel, 1870-1872. Only one of them—that for 1872—is published in the annual reports of the Adjutant General. Information contained on each return includes the following: locality, name of regiment, name of regimental commander, number of brigade, name of brigade commander, number of division, name of division commander, number of companies, number of regiments; number of each rank of officers, non-commissioned officers, and enlisted men; total enlisted, and aggregate. Also included is a recapitulation of the numbers of each rank of general and staff officers, cavalry, artillery, infantry, and total men.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Annual returns of militia, State Guard and Reserve Militia records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Edited for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
Map-drawer Folder
257 401-1320: 3 Annual returns of militia, 1870-1872
Militia rolls, 1870,
0.56 cubic ft.
These records consist of oversized glued booklets, containing rolls from fifteen Texas counties, of citizens who had been enrolled in the Reserve Militia but who paid the sum of $15 for one year's exemption from duty, 1870. Only the first page of each booklet is filled, with from zero to five names. The counties include the following, arranged alphabetically: Bandera, Bastrop, Bell, Bowie, Brazoria, Burnet, Caldwell, Dallas, Fannin, Fayette, Fort Bend, Gonzales, Hood, Karnes, and Kendall. Information on each individual includes: name, age, residence, occupation, color, amount paid for exemption, and remarks.
Arrangement
These records are arranged alphabetically by county.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Militia rolls, State Guard and Reserve Militia records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Edited for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
Oversize Folder
401-823 1. Bandera County
2. Bastrop County
3. Bell County
4. Bowie County
5. Brazoria County
6. Burnet County
7. Caldwell County
8. Dallas County
9. Fannin County
10. Fayette County
11. Fort Bend County
12. Gonzales County
13. Hood County
14. Karnes County
15. Kendall County
Hospital report, 1871,
0.05 cubic ft.
These records consist of one oversize item, a hospital report of Surgeon in Charge James Huston, headquarters, State Troops, in Springfield, Texas, October 22-November 3, 1871. Information on the 42 patients on the list includes: name, company, when admitted, disease, treatment, when discharged, medicine dispensed, cost of medicine, and remarks.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Hospital report, State Guard and Reserve Militia records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Edited for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
Oversize Folder
401-824 7. Hospital report, 1871
Affidavits of loss and damage, 1871-1872,
0.05 cubic ft.
These records consist of approximately 50 sworn statements of loss and damage caused by the Reserve Militia in Harrison County, Texas, all claims of which are dated December 1871-January 1872. The items involved were primarily animals (mules and horses), and weapons (rifles and shotguns) that were loaned to the Reserve Militia and either never returned or else returned badly damaged; at least one claim, however, involved medical expenses following an accidental shooting. Accompanying the affidavits is an abstract of claims.
Arrangement
These records are arranged numerically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Affidavits of loss and damage, State Guard and Reserve Militia records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Edited for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
Box Folder
401-866 8. Affidavits of loss and damage, 1871-1872
Quartermaster records, 1870-1873, undated, bulk 1871,
0.37 cubic ft.
These records consist of vouchers, bills for freight, bills for telegraphs, etc., receipts, requisitions, four returns of property (ordnance, quartermaster, and medical), pay vouchers, and ordnance records (requisitions, inventories, returns, receipts, and orders), all documenting goods and services provided to or for the Texas State Guard and the Reserve Militia, 1870-1873, and undated, bulk 1871.
Filed separately are a sizable number of pay vouchers, mostly for the 4th Regiment, Reserve Militia, primarily for February and March 1871. These authorize pay plus a horse allowance, mainly for militiamen on duty during the martial law declared in Walker County; some are also for witnesses called during the General Court Martial. Most of them are printed on the reverse, "Martial Law Vouchers."
Also filed separately are many ordnance records, dating 1871-1873. Some of these can be identified as for the State Guard, the Reserve Militia, or the State Police; others, however, cannot be quickly labeled. In addition to requisitions, inventories, and returns, two forms are most common: (a) receipts of ordnance and ordnance stores from the Adjutant General, issued by the Office of the Military Store Keeper; and (b) orders, made by the Adjutant General/Chief of Police to the Storekeeper of the State Arsenal, for specific issues to specific individuals.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by type of record, and therein chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Quartermaster records, State Guard and Reserve Militia records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Edited for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
Quartermaster records
Box Folder
401-866 9. 1870
10. January 1871
11. February 1871
12. March-April 1871
13. May-June 1871
14. July-September 1871
15-16. October 1871
17-18. November 1871
19. December, undated, 1871
20. 1872
21. undated
Pay vouchers
Box Folder
401-866 22. September 1870-January 1871
23-24. February 1871
25-26. March 1871
27. October-December 1871
27. May 1873
Ordnance records
Box Folder
401-867 1. May-June 1871
2. July-August 1871
3. September-December 1871
4. January-August 1872
5. September-December 1872
6. 1873, undated
Returns of public property
Oversize Folder
401-968 3. Returns of public property, 1871-1872
Accounts, 1871,
0.05 cubic ft.
These records consist of accounts current and abstracts of disbursements for the Texas State Guard and Reserve Militia, constituting nine oversize items in three groups, dating 1871:
  • (1) two copies of an account current and three copies of an abstract of disbursements made on account of a declaration of martial law in Hill County, involving Company H, 6th Regiment, State Guards (January-March 1871);
  • (2) two copies of an account current, plus one copy of an additional account current, of fines and taxes collected and disbursed on account of martial law in Walker County (February-March 1871); and, housed separately, a statement of moneys collected and disbursed on account of martial law in Walker County; and
  • (3) one account current of receipts of the military tax collected in Limestone County, and disbursements of the same to and on account of Provisional State Troops on duty in that county (October-November 1871); and two copies of an abstract of disbursements on account of pay, forage, subsistence, etc., of those troops in Limestone County.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Accounts, State Guard and Reserve Militia records, Texas Adjutant General's Department Reconstruction records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Processing Information
Processed by Tony Black, December 1986
Edited for DACS compliance by Lauren Davis, August 2019
Oversize Folder
401-824 7. Accounts, 1871
Oversize Folder
401-968 3. Statement, Walker County, 1871

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