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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Agency History

Scope and Contents of the Records

Arrangement of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

United States Bureau of Reclamation Region 5 (Texas) reclamation studies, 1940-1967, bulk 1946-1966,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

United States Bureau of Reclamation Region 5 (Texas) Reclamation Studies:

An Inventory of Bureau of Reclamation Region 5 (Texas) Reclamation Studies at the Texas State Archives, 1940-1967, bulk 1946-1966



Overview

Creator: United States. Bureau of Reclamation. Region 5.
Title: United States Bureau of Reclamation Region 5 (Texas) reclamation studies
Dates: 1940-1967
Dates (Bulk): bulk 1946-1966
Abstract: The United States Bureau of Reclamation is the federal agency responsible for managing water resources in the western United States. Originally, management projects focused on reclamation of lands considered inhospitable due to lack of water through irrigation, but over time they have come to include maintenance of existing projects and development of environmental protection strategies for water resources. These records, from the bureau's Austin Development Office, document water reclamation studies undertaken in Texas related to the bureau's proposed and completed projects within Texas borders and include memorandums, reports, and plans regarding various infrastructure projects for water resource diversion, distribution, use, and development, dating 1940-1967, bulk 1946-1966.
TSLAC Control No.: TX001936
Quantity: 9.5 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written predominately in English with scattered Spanish throughout.
Repository: Texas State Archives
Sponsor: This EAD finding aid was created in cooperation with Texas Archival Resources Online.

Agency History

At the beginning of the 20th century the American government assisted in creating new infrastructure in the American West. One obstacle to further development was the large expanses of arid land with limited access to water. The federal Reclamation Act of 1902 created the United States Reclamation Service to provide federal funding for water storage and irrigation projects in 13 western states and three territories (Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Arizona prior to statehood). At the time, the term "reclamation" referred to irrigation and its ability to reclaim lands previously considered to be inhospitable. The Reclamation Service was established within the US Geological Survey (USGS) and was initially funded by sales of federal land. Texas, at this time not having any federal land, was added by provision in 1906 although no projects were built in the state until the 1940s. In 1907; the Reclamation Service was separated from the USGS and was organized under an independent bureau within the US Department of the Interior.

In 1923, the Reclamation Service was renamed the Bureau of Reclamation, with the goal to irrigate and make productive the arid lands of the American West by building dams, reservoirs, and canals. While beginning with goals to foster development in agriculture, project scope expanded to provide water for cities, industries, and recreation; to create infrastructure to reduce flood damage; and to produce power.

On September 9, 1943, six regions and regional offices along river basin lines were established to more effectively manage projects, including the Region 5 headquarters in Amarillo. Region 5, also called the Southwest Region, included the Austin Development Office (or Austin Planning Office as it is referred to interchangeably). Over time the bureau approved more than 180 projects, with one of the last and largest projects being in the Colorado River Basin. In the 1970s the bureau started to shift its activities from active construction to project maintenance. This shift led to consolidation (the Southwest Region merged with the Upper and Lower Missouri Regions to form the Great Plains Region) and elimination of some area offices such as the regional office in Amarillo in 1988.

As of 2020, the Bureau of Reclamation's areas of operation encompass regions 5-10 within the Department of Interior's 12 region assignments. The bureau's mission is to "manage, develop, and protect water and related resources in an environmentally and economically sound manner in the interest of the American public."

(Sources include: "Bureau of Reclamation - About Us," "Brief History Bureau of Reclamation," and "About the Upper Colorado Basin," US Bureau of Reclamation website; and "Bureau of Reclamation Appoints Area Planning Officer, The Cross Section, Vol 17. No.5, May 1971" High Plains Water District: The Cross Section Archives website, all accessed June 11, 2020.)

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Scope and Contents of the Records

The United States Bureau of Reclamation is the federal agency responsible for managing water resources in the western United States. Originally, management projects focused on reclamation of lands considered inhospitable due to lack of water through irrigation, but over time they have come to include maintenance of existing projects and development of environmental protection strategies for water resources. These records document water reclamation studies undertaken in Texas between 1940 and 1967 from the Austin Development Office. The bulk of the records date 1946-1966. The records are related to the bureau's proposed and completed projects within Texas borders and include memorandums, reports, and plans regarding various infrastructure projects for water resource diversion, distribution, use, and development. Project reports focus on watersheds, basins, rivers, and canals. Reports also include various appendices addressing anticipated agricultural, financial, and social impacts. Reference copies of academic and technical reports about ground water, irrigation, and water quality are also present.

To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.

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Arrangement of the Records

The records are arranged into a single series in approximate chronological order.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by federal agencies are not copyrighted. Federal records also include materials received by, not created by, federal agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

None.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Subjects:
Water diversion--Texas.
Water resources development--Texas.
Water reuse--Texas.
Water--Texas--Management.
Document Types:
Memorandums.
Official reports.
Plans (reports)
Reports.
Functions:
Water resource infrastructure management.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item), United States Bureau of Reclamation Region 5 (Texas) reclamation studies. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 1973/181

These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the United States Bureau of Reclamation on June 27, 1973.

Processing Information

Processed by Eleanor Gleason, June 2020

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Detailed Description of the Records

United States Bureau of Reclamation Region 5 (Texas) reclamation studies, 1940-1967, bulk 1946-1966,
9.5 cubic ft.

Box
1973/181-1 Memorandum report to chief engineer on Valley Gravity Canal and Storage Project, 1942 April
Comprehensive plan for water resources development: Rio Grande Basin, 1946 May
Plan for development: Valley Gravity Project - Rio Grande (lower) Basin, 1948 December
Supplementary report on drainage investigations: Valley Gravity Project, 1950 September
Box
1973/181-2 Plan for development: Valley Gravity Project - Rio Grande (lower) Basin, appendices, 1948 July
Box
1973/181-3 Plan for development: Valley Gravity Project - Rio Grande (lower) Basin, appendices, 1948 December
Box
1973/181-4 Report on alternative plans for diversion and distribution of Rio Grande flows below Falcon Dam in Texas, 1954 May 21
Plan for rehabilitation: La Feria Division - Lower Rio Grande Rehabilitation Project, 1957 January
Definite plan report: La Feria Division - Lower Rio Grande Rehabilitation Project (report and appendices), 1960 July
Definite plan report: Mercedes Division - Lower Rio Grande Rehabilitation Project (report and appendices), 1959 April
Box
1973/181-5 Plan for rehabilitation: Harlingen Division - Lower Rio Grande Rehabilitation Project, 1956 February
Plan for drainage improvement: Precinct 4 - Lower Rio Grande Rehabilitation Project, 1957 May
Plan for drainage improvement: Hidalgo Division - Lower Rio Grande Rehabilitation Project, 1956 November
Plan of drainage improvement: Hidalgo Division - Lower Rio Grande Rehabilitation Project (report and appendices), 1957 May
Columbus Bend Project: Report, 1958 March
Plan for Development: Columbus Bend Project, 1959 December
Box
1973/181-6 Report on Comprehensive Basin Study: Sabine River and tributaries - Texas and Louisiana (volumes 1-3), 1957 December
[[3 volumes]]
Box
1973/181-7 Report on Comprehensive Basin Study: Sabine River and tributaries - Texas and Louisiana (volumes 4-5), 1957 December
[[2 volumes]]
Box
1973/181-8 Plan of Development: Robert Lee Project - Colorado River Basin (report and appendices), 1947 June
Plan for Development: Canadian River Project, 1949 June
Cuero Reservoir Project: Guadalupe River Basin - appendices only, 1962 March
Box
1973/181-9 Plan for Development: Balmorhea Project - Pecos River Basin (report and appendices), 1947 June
Balmorhea Project: Program report, 1948 December
Plan for development: Cibolo Project (report and appendices), 1967 December
Reconnaissance report: Mud Creek Project - Sabine - Neches River Basin, 1947 June
Box
1973/181-10 Plan of development: Brownwood Project - Colorado River Basin
San Angelo Project: Report and appendices, 1946 February
Report on the San Angelo Project Plan (North Concho Division), 1946 July
San Angelo Project: Colorado River Basin - Report, 1956 March
Appendices to definite plan report: San Angelo Project, 1959 February
District program and district work plan for the Coastal Plains Soil Conservation District #317
Box
1973/181-11 Preliminary engineering report: Lower Nueces River Water Supply District, 1950 March
Municipal and industrial water supply for Corpus Christi Bay Area, 1950 June 29
Plan for development: Lower Nueces River Project - Nueces River Basin, 1952 October
Plan for development: Lower Nueces River Project - Nueces River Basin (report and volume I of appendices), 1951 January
Box
1973/181-12 Plan for development: Lower Nueces River Project - Nueces River Basin (volume II of appendices), 1951 January
Meeting: Nueces River Conservation and Reclamation District, 1951 March 16
Program report: Power potentialities - Nueces River Basin, 1951 September
Program report: Power potentialities - Nueces River Basin, 1951 December
Appendices to plan of development: Nueces River Project, 1967 February
Box
1973/181-13 Plan for development: Big Creek Project - Gulf Coast (report and appendices), 1948 July
Plan for development: Big Creek Project - Gulf Coast (report and appendices), 1948 December
A preliminary report of fish and wildlife resources in the Big Creek Watershed - Brazos River Basin, 1949 February
Consumptive use of water for agriculture, 1940 July
A plan for meeting the 1980 water requirements of Texas, 1961 May
Box
1973/181-14 Reconnaissance Report: Upper Brazos River Basin (report and appendices), 1941 June
Reconnaissance Report: Upper Brazos River Basin, 1941 November
A statement of the problems and needs in the Brazos River Basin, 1945 September (?)
Summary of the master plan for the development of the Brazos River and tributaries, 1957 September
Watershed work plan: Sulphur Creek Watershed, 1957 February
Taylor, Roy A., Improper Well Constructions: Causes and Effects
McDonald, H.R., The Irrigation Aspects of Ground Water Development
Wilcox, L.V., Classification and Use of Irrigation Waters, 1955 November
Leggette, R.M., Modern Methods of Developing Ground Water Supplies
Wilcox, L.V. The Quality of Water for Irrigation Use, 1948 September
Conservation Irrigation in Humid Areas, 1957
Chemical Week Special Report: Water, 1961 October 7
Progress report: Trinity River Authority of Texas, 1960 January 1-1961 December 31
Report of the US Study Commission - Texas: Summary and recommendations, 1962 April
Master plan report for the full-scale development of the San Jacinto River
Texas Basins Project
Box
1973/181-15 Agricultural economics, 1963 May
Economic and financial analysis, 1965 February
Social and economic impact, 1963 December
Annex A - Present surface water development, 1964 January
Plans and estimates annexes:
Box
1973/181-16 Annex D-1, interbasin canal, 1964 January
Annex D-2, interbasin canal reservoirs, 1964 January
Annex D-3, regulating reservoirs, 1964 January
Annex D-4, storage reservoirs, 1964 January
Box
1973/181-17 Annex D-5, irrigation units, 1964 January
Annex D-6, operation, maintenance, and replacement costs, 1964 January
Volume II, 1965 February
Box
1973/181-18 Volume I, 1965 February
Water for the Future,
[[6 volumes]]
Box
1973/181-19 Lilienthal, David E., TVA: Democracy on the March
Water requirements survey: A West Texas Area
Summaries of the preliminary plan for proposed water resources development
Box
1973/181-19 Trinity-San Jacinto Coastal Basin, 1966 June
Sabine River Basin, 1966 June
Cypress Creek Basin, 1966 June
Neches-Trinity Coastal Basin, 1966 June
San Jacinto River Basin, 1966 June
San Antonio-Neches Coastal Basin, 1966 July
Guadalupe River Basin, 1966 July
Lavaca River Basin, 1966 July
Colorado-Lavaca Coastal Basin, 1966 July
Box
1973/181-20 Trinity River Basin, 1966 June
Rio Grande Basin, 1966 August
Nueces-Rio Grande Coastal Basin, 1966 July
Sulphur River Basin, 1966 June
San Jacinto-Brazos Coastal Basin, 1966 June
Canadian River Basin, 1966 August
Lavaca-Guadalupe Coastal Basin, 1966 July
Red River Basin, 1966 June
San Antonio River Basin, 1966 July
Oversize
2-22L/1 The Texas Water Problem: Its Solution and Economic Impact, 1963 April
Water development and potentialities of the State of Texas

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