Austin History Center

Hegman and Crow Families Papers

An Inventory of the Collection

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Hegman family, Crow family
Title: Hegman and Crow Families Papers
Dates: 1890s-2013
Dates (Bulk): 1909-1955
Abstract: The collection documents the Hegman and Crow families of Austin, Texas, who are related through the marriage of Virginia Crow and Elmo Hegman. The collection consists of photographs, genealogical tables, research notes, ledgers, and memorabilia documenting both lines of the family, as well as the Hegman's theater businesses.
Accession number: AR.2019.036
Quantity: 0.8 linear feet (2 boxes)
Location: Archives Stacks, qAR
Language: English
Repository: Austin History Center, Austin Public Library,
810 Guadalupe, PO Box 2287, Austin, TX 78768

Biographical Sketch

William Price Crow was born in 1876 to Galen Alexander Crow and Cordelia Ann Jones. Galen and Cordelia Crow came to Austin in 1870 after Galen Crow served as a colonel in the Confederate Army. William Price was a lifelong resident of Travis County where he worked as a dairyman, and was also a veteran of the Spanish-American War. He married Lola Ellen New in 1910 and they had five daughters and one son. Lola Ellen New was the daughter of Henry New and Mary Catherine Koonce.

One of the daughters of William and Lola Crow, Virginia Ann Crow, married Elmo Hegman, the son of J. J. Hegman. J. J. Hegman came to Austin in 1915 and opened the Queen Theater, and then after leaving to operate the Grand Opera House in Galveston, returned to Austin and opened the Ritz Theater on East 6th in 1929. Hegman also operated other theaters in Austin, including the Crescent, the Casino, and the Star. Elmo and Virginia Hegman took over management of the Ritz in 1937 until 1964.

Scope and Contents

The collection is arranged into two series documenting the Crow and Hegman families. The Crow family materials consist of genealogical research, correspondence, post cards, and photographs dating largely from the mid-20th century. The items primarily document William P. Crow and Lola Ellen New, the parents of Virginia Crow Hegman who married Elmo Hegman. The marriage certificate of William P. Crow and Lola Ellen New is included as well as William's account book dating from 1951-1955. Maybelle Regina Crow Gruetzmacher (1923-2005), another daughter of William Price Crow (1843-1955), is represented in the collection through her genealogy charts and applications for Daughters of the American Revolution. The Crow family first came to America in 1612 when James Tomas Crowe settled with the 3rd Virginia colony.

The Hegman family materials consists largely of photographs, but also contains genealogy research on the Hegmans going back to the late-16th century, as well as theater memorabilia from the Queen Theater and Ritz Theater operated by the Hegmans in the 20th century. Of interest is a ledger for the Queen Theater documenting each day's feature attraction, added attraction, unusual counter attractions and remarks, weather, number of tickets sold, and daily income from January to November 1923. The photographs mostly consist of candid shots of friends and family, including local snow scenes from the 1930s and 1940s. There are also several photos of buildings and houses in East Austin taken in 1936. Houses/buildings on Sabine Street, East 3rd, East 14th, and East 11th are documented in the photographs.


Collection is arranged into two series:

  • Crow Family
  • Hegman Family


Access Restrictions

Open to all users

Use Restrictions

The Austin History Center (AHC) is the owner of the physical materials in the AHC collections and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the AHC before any publication use. The AHC does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners. Consult repository for more details.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Hegman, J. J., 1883-1953.
Crow, Galen, 1822-1903.
Hegman, Virginia Crow, 1915-2002.
Hegman, Elmo W., 1907-1994.
Gruetzmacher, Maybelle Regina Crow, 1923-2005.
Schmidt, Ruby.
Crow, Lola Ellen New, 1885-1970.
Crow, William Price, 1876-1955.
Subjects (Organizations)
Queen Theater.
Ritz Theater.
Motion picture theaters.
Austin (Tex.)--Genealogy.
Austin (Tex.)--Social life and customs.
Dallas (Tex.).
801 Rio Grande Street (Austin, Tex.).
Galveston (Tex.).
East Austin (Tex.).
Document Types
Biography files.
Marriage certificates.
Genealogical tables.
Photograph albums.
Black-and-white photographs.
Color photographs.
Cabinet photographs.

Related Material

Archives & Manuscripts

Austin Files

  • AF Biography - J. J. Hegman, 1883-1953
  • AF Biography - Galen Crow, 1822-1903
  • AF Subject - Moving Picture Theaters - Ritz Theater M8300(42)
  • AF Subject - Moving Picture Theaters - Crescent Theatre M8300(5)
  • AF Subject - Moving Picture Theaters - Queen M8360

General Collection

  • A 791.4309764 LA Ann Laemmle, When Movies Came to Austin: The Evolution of Pre-WWI Cinema in Austin, Texas 1896-1915. 1930.
  • A 791.4309764 Mo, Moving Picture Theaters in Austin, Texas: A Collection of Essays.
  • A 791.4309764 RI Susan Rittereiser, Historic Movie Houses of Austin. 2016.

Administrative Information

Custodial History

Materials were donated by descendent of Crow and Hegman families.

Preferred Citation

Hegman and Crow Families Papers (AR.2019.036). Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Donor #: DO/2019/069

Donation Date: 2019 October 24

Processing Information

Processing and finding aid by Kelly Hanus in January 2020.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Crow Family, 1890s-2013, undated

Box Folder
1 1 William P. Crow correspondence and account book, 1942-1955
2 William Price Crow & Lola Ellen New research, undated
3-5 Crow genealogy research (3 folders), 1976-2013, undated
6 Post cards, undated
Photographs, 1890s-1971, undated
Box Folder
1 7 Unidentified photographs (#005-014), 1971, undated
8 Photographs of family and friends (#015-043), 1890s-1947
9 Photo album (#044-076), 1909-1952
10 Photo album (#077-109), 1912-1952
Location ArchivesCollection
qAR qAR photo box Electric Light Plant in Guthre, Oklahoma. Galen Crow, Manager (#001-002), 1905
qAR photo box Outdoor group photograph with men in military uniform and women in lawn dresses, with Louise Crow Boswell (#003), circa 1900

Hegman Family, 1895-1990, undated

Family Materials, 1895-1990, undated
Box Folder
2 1 Hegman genealogy research, 1968-1990, undated
2 "Hegman by Mrs. W.A. Schmidt" (Ruby Schmidt), 1976
Photographs, 1895-1960, undated
Box Folder
2 3 Photographs, correspondence (#110-136), 1895-1953
4 Candid outdoor portraits (#166-195), 1909-1960, undated
5 Portraits (#196-202), 1941-1946, undated
6 Snow (#203-212), 1939, 1949
7 Houses and buildings (213-219), 1926, 1936
8 Picture postcards (#220-227), 1909-1913, 1947-1948
Theater Materials, 1913-1943
Box Folder
2 9 Queen Theater ledger, 1923 January-November
10 Motion Picture Operator's License - Elmo Hegman, 1938-1943
11 Theater memorabilia and photographs (#137-165), 1913-1922
Location ArchivesCollection
qAR qAR photo box Old Queen Theater (#004), circa 1918