TABLE OF CONTENTS
Groos and Schutze Families Papers
An Inventory of the Collection
Judge Julius Schutze emigrated from Germany to Texas in 1852 and in 1858 he moved to Austin where he worked as a teacher and piano tuner. From 1864 to 1870 Julius Schutze and his family moved to Bastrop were he became the Chief Justice of Bastrop County thus earning the moniker "Judge" that would follow him for the rest of his life even though he never would hold such an office again. Judge Julius and his family returned to Austin in 1870 where he became a publisher of a German newspaper and would live the rest of his life until his death in 1904. Judge Julius had ten children - Albert, Edward, Hugo, Julius, Adolf, Nono, Henrietta, Alvina, Clara, and Julia.
Johann Jacob Groos was a surveyor and commissioner of the General Land Office. He was born in Germany in 1822 and in 1845 immigrated to Texas with his wife, Katharine Blieder. They had five sons and two daughters and settled in New Braunfels, Texas. Groos was elected captain of Precinct No. 2, Thirty-first Brigade, Texas State Troops in 1862. From 1862 to 1865, he was the county clerk of Comal County. He served as alderman of New Braunfels from 1865 to 1866 and as mayor of New Braunfels from 1872 to 1873. He died in June 1878.
Granddaughter of Julius Schutze and Johann Jacob Groos, Marie Schutze Hefner, was born in 1902 to Julius, Jr. and Adela (Groos) Schutze of Austin, Texas. Marie was associated with the San Antonio Conservation Society, which brought her on the 1962 Annual Historic Pilgrimage to New Braunfels, Texas. It was there that she met historian Oscar Haas at the Sophienburg Museum and asked if he had information on her maternal grandfather J.J. Groos. Haas sent Hefner copies and descriptions of what he discovered. She also collected materials documenting her paternal grandfather Julius Schutze. Marie died in 1990.
During the 1960s to 1980s, Marie Schutze Hefner conducted research about the Groos and Schutze families' histories. Much of the correspondence is between Marie and staff from the Texas State Library and Archives as well as Oscar Haas of the Sophienburg Memorial Association in New Braunfels (largely concerning the Groos family). Of note is Haas' story of J.J. Groos titled "Local Politic and Economic Situation Revealed." Other correspondence is to and from her family members concerning their family history. Copies and typed transcripts of 19th century correspondence is also included in her research notes. A scrapbook containing German newspaper clippings, possibly compiled by Katherine Warmoth Groos, was also inherited and preserved by Marie.
There is a photocopy of an 1862 certificate commissioning Johann Jacob Groos as Captain of Beat Company No. 2 Comal County State Troops in the Confederate Army, and an 1875 Texas Military Institute certificate of proficiency for Martin Ernst Groos. There are three certificates (photocopies) for Julius Schutze. An 1866 certificate appointed Schutze to the Treasury Department for the 3rd Collection District for the state of Texas. A certificate from the county judge certifying that Schutze is a teacher of the 1st grade (the year is illegible). An 1880 certificate appointed Schutze to the Texas Volunteer Guard in Manning Rifles, Company F, 2nd Regiment.
There are typewritten transcriptions of diaries documenting Julius Schutze, Sr.'s migration to the United States from 1852-1964 (translated into English by Albert Schutze) as well as correspondence and notes primarily written in German from 1887-1895. Julius Schutze, Jr.'s materials consist of a small amount of notes dating from 1924-1928 written by himself in German onto his business stationery.
The literary productions consist of: a biography of Judge Julius Schutze; Louise Braubach's autobiography (Braubach was the daughter of Heinrich Schutze, brother to Julius); and a verse by Julius Schutze written in German with a typed English transcription. Sketches are largely reproductions of originals and depict an old homestead, a child (pastel drawing), Louise Schutze, New Braunfelers in a saloon, J.J. Groos, and a picture of Julius Schutze, his sister Emilie, and his mother. C.G. von Iwonski is the artist noted on a few of the drawings.
There are three black-and-white photographs in the collection and eight black-and-white negatives. Three of the negatives are copies of the printed photographs. The photos consist of a large group portrait of around 30 individuals and a dog, a group portrait of female first cousins (Elsie Lucas Stein, Ella Hettman Schmuck, Charlotte Pfeiffer Faust, Clara Groos Besserer, Etelka Lucas), and a group portrait of the sons of Julius Schutze, Sr. (Albert, Edward, Hugo, Julius, Adolf).
Open to all users
The Austin History Center (AHC) is the owner of the physical materials in the AHC collections and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the AHC before any publication use. The AHC does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners. Consult repository for more details.
Materials were collected and/or created by Marie Schutze Hefner, a granddaughter of Julius Schutze and Johann Jacob Groos.
Groos and Schutze Families Papers (AR.Z.015). Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, Texas.
Donor #: DO/1974/113
Donation Date: September 1989
Processing and finding aid by Kelly Hanus in 2019.