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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Collection Summary

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Olyvia Green Papers, circa 1969-2016

Austin History Center

Olyvia Green Papers

An Inventory of the Collection



Collection Summary

Creator: Green, Olyvia
Title: Olyvia Green Papers
Dates: 1969-2016
Dates (Bulk): 1996
Abstract: The Olyvia Green papers document the life and career of Olyvia Green, the first African American teacher at Pease Elementary in Austin, Texas. The collection is comprised of a video biography, a digitized scrapbook, and Mrs. Green's name badge from Pease Elementary.
Accession number: AR.2017.030
Quantity: 0.25 linear feet (1 box)
Quantity 2.45 GB (107 files)
Location: Digital Storage, Artifacts
Language: English
Repository: Austin History Center, Austin Public Library,
810 Guadalupe, PO Box 2287, Austin, TX 78768

Biographical Sketch

Olyvia Green was the first African American teacher at Pease Elementary in Austin, Texas. She was born Olyvia Brown in Magnolia, Arkansas to Mr. and Mrs. Elijah Brown. Olyvia attended Agricultural, Mechanical and Normal College in Pine Bluff, Arkansas where she obtained her Bachelor of Science in Elementary Education in 1961. In 1962, Olyvia wedded Eddie Green who was a Drill Sergeant in the United States Army. During the early 1960s, Eddie's position in the army enabled Olyvia, and their two sons Bernard and Jeffrey, to travel abroad. When Eddie passed away in 1967, 26-year-old Olyvia Green and her two sons moved to Austin where she began working as a substitute teacher.

In 1968, the year the Civil Rights Act was passed, Friendly R. Rice, a member of Austin Independent School District administration (Principal of Blackshear Elementary and president of the Teachers State Association of Texas) instructed Green to speak with Pease Elementary principal Ms. Hunter about taking a position at the school to integrate the teaching staff. Green was reluctant to take the position, knowing the adversity she would face, but persevered through those difficult first years. Green known as the "hugging teacher" dedicated 26 years of her life teaching generations of families at Texas' longest operating public school. Storyhouse productions created a Portrait Video of Green in December of 2014 that includes an interview with Green and pictures of her life and career. In 2015 Green was honored during Black History Month by Pease Elementary with the unveiling a portrait now hung in her honor. Other recent honors include the Education Advocate Award, and the Award of Black Excellence.

Olyvia Green is an active member of the Mt. Sinai Missionary Baptists Church serving as chairperson with involvement in the Women's Ministry, Hannah Circle, and Senior Exercise Program. She is a member of Austin Retired Teachers Association, the Texas Association of Black Personnel in Higher Education, and the local NAACP chapter.

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Scope and Contents

Olyvia Green donated a copy of the Storyhouse Video Portrait, and her Pease Elementary name badge to the Austin History Center in March of 2017. Her personal scrapbook was loaned to Austin History Center to be scanned by history center staff. The digitized files in JPEG format are now part of the collection. Those digital image files are named in accordance to the page numbers of the scrapbook and include personal photographs, correspondence from students and staff, clippings, and a biography. The Storyhouse video portrait files comprise of one shortened version with a runtime of 17:42 and two original length versions with a runtime of 26:13 (one includes credits and the other does not).

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Arrangement

Original file structure was maintained.
Born-digital materials are integrated into their corresponding series based on content. Some intellectual reorganization of the materials into folders was undertaken to allow the materials to be easily integrated into this single system of arrangement. The material was ingested into the digital repository in original order and a screen shot of this order is available.
Digital materials have been added to the series based on their content. No other changes have been made to the original arrangement, structure or naming of the files.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Open to all users.

Advance notice is required for any audiovisual materials that do not have an access copy already created. Turnaround time for requested access copies will be no less than one week and is determined by the number of items requested and their duration.

Use Restrictions

The Austin History Center (AHC) is the owner of the physical materials in the AHC collections and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the AHC before any publication use. The AHC does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners. Consult repository for more details.

Physical Characteristics or Technical Requirements

Access to digital content are only available through a dedicated workstation in the Austin History Center Reading Room.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Green, Olyvia.
Subjects (Organizations)
Austin Independent School District (Tex.).
Pease Elementary School (Austin, Tex.).
Subjects
African Americans.
African American teachers--Texas--Austin--Biography.
Education--Texas--Austin.
Educators.
Public schools--Texas--Austin--History.
School integration.
Places
Austin (Tex.).
Document Types
Artifacts.
Correspondence.
Documents.
Color photographs.
Videos.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Olyvia Green Papers (AR.2017.030). Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Donor #: DO/2017/071

Donation Date: 03/27/2017

Processing Information

Original donation arranged by LaToya Devezin. Scanning of the scrapbook completed by AHC volunteer Shaun Hagen in 2017. Born-digital materials arranged and finding aid encoded by Nikki Koehlert in 2018.

The born-digital files were received on compact disc. The materials were processed in accordance with the AHC's digital processing guidelines including disk imaging, virus scan, and checksums.

Scrapbook was scanned by Austin History Center staff and returned to the donor. Digital files are in .JPEG format.

File names were modified during processing to enable files to be exported from the disk image and to comply with Austin History Center file naming schema. A list of the original files names is available.

The video disc was imaged on January 19, 2018 to create master preservation copies and to extract the content files.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Olyvia Green Papers, circa 1969-2016

DigitalStorage Folder
Open \digitized-ahc\AR-2017-030-access Digitized scrapbook, circa 1969-2016
.346 GB (103 files); digitized (JPEG)
\born-digital\AR-2017-030-access Storyhouse Video Portrait, 2015
2.11 GB (4 files: 3 .VOB; 1 .pdf); born-digital (VOB), (PDF)
Video portrait files comprise of one shortened version with a runtime of 17:42 and two original length versions with a runtime of 26:13 (one includes credits and the other does not). Also includes a PDF biography file.
Location BoxItem
Artifacts 108/23 Pease Elementary School employee name badge, 1996

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