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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Collection Summary

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Separated Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Manuscript drafts, 1900, 1953-1960

Notes and Research, 1870-1876, 1900, 1953-1960

Austin History Center

James M. Coleman Papers

An Inventory of the Collection



Collection Summary

Creator: Coleman, James M., 1906-1960
Title: James M. Coleman Papers
Dates: 1870-1960
Dates (Bulk): 1953-1960
Abstract: Dr. James M. Coleman was a Travis County, Texas physician who in 1953 began researching the history of medical science in Travis County for his book titled, Aesculapius on the Colorado. This collection contains his extensive research notes on doctors and medical subjects as well as multiple edited drafts of Aesculapius on the Colorado.
Accession number: AR.E.001
Quantity: 3.2 linear feet (5 boxes)
Location: Archives stacks, qAR
Language: English
Repository: Austin History Center, Austin Public Library,
810 Guadalupe, PO Box 2287, Austin, TX 78768

Biographical Sketch

Dr. James M. Coleman (1906-1960) was born November 30, 1906 in Brinkley, Arkansas. He received his Doctor of Medicine degree from Baylor University in 1930 and also had a Masters in Public Health from Harvard University. He had a wife, Wilma Coleman, and two children; a daughter, Evelyn Coleman and a son, J. M. Coleman II. Dr. Coleman served as President of the Travis County Medical Society from 1954-1956 and as a member of the Board of Directors from 1956 until his death in 1960. He was also active with the Texas Medical Association and other medical associations. He worked as chief of communicable diseases and director of maternal and child health at the Texas State Department of Health, chief of pediatric service at Brackenridge Hospital and Seton Hospital, director of health and welfare for Travis and Bastrop Counties, and city health officer and administrator of Brackenridge Hospital. He began research into the history of medical practice in Travis County in 1953. Largely using historic newspapers, he amassed extensive notes on Travis County physicians and medicine. He was writing his manuscript for Aesculapius on the Colorado when he unexpectedly died in 1960, at the age of 53. Dr. and Mrs. Stanford Lehmberg finished his manuscript and it was published by The Encino Press for The Friends of the Austin Public Library in 1971.

Source: "James M. Coleman, M.D." obituary Travis County Medical Society Journal, July 1960, vol. 5, no. 7. Austin Files: Biography - Coleman, James M. 1906-1960.

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Scope and Contents

The James M. Coleman Papers consist largely of his card file notes for the book Aesculapius on the Colorado about the history of medical practice in Travis County, Texas. The notes consist of thousands of card files about physicians in Travis County, as well as smaller groups of card files dedicated to topical notes on medicine in Austin, Travis County, and the University of Texas, general news, general medicine, and others. The majority of his notes include citations to the newspapers and publications where he found the information. Also included in the collection are two series of drafts of chapters and footnotes for the book with edits and manuscript copies of chapters and an uncut manuscript copy of the book. There are also a couple of publications related to medicine, a photostatic copy of a 1876 map of Texas, and photostatic copies of pages from the June 10, 1870 issue of the Daily State Journal (Austin, Texas).

The materials are largely undated. The research for this project began in 1953 and continued until his death in 1960. The notes and manuscripts were likely created during this seven year period.

The collection also included photostatic copies of other pages of historic Austin, Texas publications, but since the Austin History Center owns copies of these publications, they were removed with issues and page numbers noted in the below "Separated Material" section.

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Arrangement

Collection is arranged into two series:


  • Manuscript drafts
  • Notes and research

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Open to all users

Use Restrictions

The Austin History Center (AHC) is the owner of the physical materials in the AHC collections and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the AHC before any publication use. The AHC does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners. Consult repository for more details.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Coleman, James M., 1906-1960
Subjects
Medicine--Texas--Travis County--History.
Physicians--Texas--Austin.
Physicians--Texas--Travis County.
Places
Austin (Tex.).
Travis County (Tex.).
Document Types
Clippings.
Files by subject.
Manuscripts.
Notes.

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Related Material

General Collection


  • A 610.97641 Co James M. Coleman, Aesculapius on the Colorado: The Story of Medical Practice in Travis County to 1899. 1971.
  • A 610.976431 BA Marilyn Baker, A Preeminently Healthy Place: A History of Medicine in Travis County, Texas. 2007.
  • A 610.922764 EA, Early Texas Physicians, 1830-1915: Innovative, Intrepid, Independent. 1999.
  • A 610.9764 FE Sylvia Van Voast Ferris, Scalpels and Sabers: Nineteenth Century Medicine in Texas. 1985.

Austin Files


  • AF Biography - James M. Coleman
  • AF Subject - Medicine - General M3000 (1)
  • AF Subject - Physicians - General P3800

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Separated Material

The following photostatic copies of items in the Austin History Center collections were deacessioned:

  • General Directory of the City of Austin. 1885-1886. Revised Map of Austin Texas, By Reuben W. Ford.
  • General Directory of the City of Austin. 1885-1886. Pages 18-19
  • Austin Daily Statesman. December 25, 1884. Page 1.
  • Austin Daily Statesman. December 6, 1889. Article about Doctor G. P. Hackenberg.
  • Austin Daily Statesman. January 15, 1890. Unknown page.
  • Plan of the City of Austin. Drawn by L. J. Pilie, 1839.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

James M. Coleman Papers (AR.E.001). Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Donor #: DO/1971/077

Donation Date: 1966

Processing Information

The original order of the materials was retained.

Collection processed and finding aid created and encoded by Kendall Newton in 2018.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Manuscript drafts, 1900, 1953-1960

Box Folder
1 1 Foreword draft with edits
2 Chapter 1 draft with edits
3 Chapter 2 draft with edits
4 Chapter 3 draft with edits
5 Chapter 4 draft with edits
6 Chapter 5 draft with edits
7 Chapter 6 draft with edits
8 Chapter 7 draft with edits and draft of list of Austin physicians from 1876-1885
9 Chapter 8 draft with edits
10 Chapter 9 draft with edits
11 Chapter 8 draft (2) with edits and "Guide to Health" pamphlet 1900, undated
12 Draft of list of Austin physicians from 1845-1885
13 Chapter 1 draft (2) with edits
14 Chapter 2 draft (2) with edits
15 Chapter 3 draft (2) with edits
16 Chapter 4 draft (2) with edits
17 Foreword, Chapters 7 and 8 drafts (2) with edits
18 Chapter 5 draft (2) with edits
19 Chapters 9 drafts (2) with edits
20 Chapter 6 draft (2) with edits
21 Foreword-Chapter 7 manuscript
22 Chapter 1-2 manuscript
23 Chapter 3 manuscript
24 Chapter 4 manuscript and draft of list of Austin physicians from 1845-1855
25 Chapter 5 manuscript and draft of list of Austin physicians from 1856-1865
26 Chapter 6 manuscript and draft of list of Austin physicians from 1866-1875
27 Draft of physician lists, Chapter 7 manuscript and draft of list of Austin physicians from 1876-1885
Box Folder
2 1 Chapter 8 manuscript
2 Chapter 9 manuscript
3 Notes and drafts of footnotes and bibliography
4 Uncut manuscript draft

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Notes and Research, 1870-1876, 1900, 1953-1960

Box Folder
2 5 "The Evolution of Antiseptic Surgery" book, 1910
6 Photostatic copy of "An Act Establishing a Medical Board" in the Republic of Texas
Location Box
qAR 081/046 Photostatic copy of "Revised Map of the State of Texas" published by the Houston and Texas Central R. R., 1876
081/047 Photostatic copies of pages 4-6 of "Daily State Journal" (Austin, Texas), June 10, 1870 1870
Box
3 Card file notes on physicians, A-P
Box
4 Card file notes on physicians, R-Z and subject files
Box
5 Card file notes - subject files and notes on assorted physicians

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