From the U.S. Constitution, Article I, Section 8: “The Congress shall have Power…to promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.” [emphasis mine]
January 1, 2019 will mark the first time in 20 years that items enter the public domain in the United States (the Copyright Extension Act of 1998 added 20 years onto the copyright term of items published in the U.S). January 1st of any given year is the date that items typically fall into the public domain. This happens 70 years after the death of the author, 95 years from the date of publication, or 120 years from the date of creation – whichever comes first (see this Cornell chart for more details). That means that items published in 1923 will finally enter the public domain on January 1st, 2019.
In celebration of the release of copyrighted works into the public domain, I wanted to share a not-at-all-comprehensive list of items that will be in the public domain on January 1st. If you are a faculty member, take a look at the list and see if any of this content would be useful in the courses you teach. Public domain means access to content should be free or relatively cheap (great news for your students), and fair game for remixing and reusing (great news for you).Film
- Salome, Dir. Charles Bryant
- The Pilgrim, Dir. Charlie Chaplin
- A Woman of Paris, Dir. Charlie Chaplin
- Circus Days, Dir. Eddie Cline
- The Covered Wagon, Dir. James Cruze
- The Ten Commandments, Dir. Cecil B. DeMille
- Adam’s Rib, Dir. Cecil B. DeMille
- Cameo Kirby, Dir. John Ford
- The Ne’er-Do-Well, Dir. Alfred E. Green
- Daddy, Dir. E. Mason Hopper
- Homeward Bound, Dir. Ralph Ince
- Scaramouche, Dir. Rex Ingram
- The Little Napoleon, Dir. Georg Jacoby (Marlene Dietrich’s film debut)
- Our Hospitality, Dir. Buster Keaton
- The Balloonatic, Dir. Buster Keaton
- The Love Nest, Dir. Buster Keaton
- The White Sister, Dir. Henry King
- Felix in Hollywood, Felix the Cat cartoon, Dir. Otto Messmer
- Safety Last!, Dir. Fred Newmeyer and Sam Taylor
- Why Worry?, Dir. Fred Newmeyer and Sam Taylor
- The Hunchback of Notre Dame, Dir. Wallace Worsley
- “I Cried for You” by Gus Arnheim, Abe Lyman, and Arthur Freed
- “I’m Sitting Pretty In A Pretty Little City” by Abel Baer and Lou Davis
- “Oh Gee Oh Gosh Oh Golly I’m In Love” by Ernest Breuer, Ole Olsen, and Chick Johnson
- “When It’s Night-Time In Italy, It’s Wednesday Over Here” by Lew Brown and James Kendis
- “Dizzy Fingers” by Zez Confrey
- “That Old Gang of Mine” by Ray Henderson, Billy Rose, and Mort Dixon
- “Horsey, Keep Your Tail Up” by Walter Hirsch and Bert Kaplan
- “I’ve Got The Yes! We Have No Bananas Blues” by Robert King and James F. Hanley
- “Back To Croa-Jingo-Long” by Alice Lind and Pat Dunlop
- “The Charleston” lyrics by Cecil Mack and music by James P. Johnson
- “King Porter Stomp” by Jelly Roll Morton
- “Tin Roof Blues” by the New Orleans Rhythm Kings
- “Yes! We Have No Bananas” by Frank Silver and Irving Cohn
- “Who’s Sorry Now?” by Ted Snyder, Bert Kalmar, and Harry Ruby
- “Octet for Wind Instruments” by Igor Stravinsky
- “Old King Tut” by Harry Von Tilzer
- Borges, Jorge Luis: Fervor de Buenos Aires
- Burroughs, Edgar Rice:
- The Bandit of Hell’s Bend
- Tarzan and the Ant Man
- Tarzan and the Golden Lion
- Cather, Willa: A Lost Lady
- Chesterton, G.K.:
- Francis of Assisi
- Fancies Versus Fads
- Christie, Agatha: The Murder on the Links
- Churchill, Winston: The World Crisis
- Cocteau, Jean:
- Le Grand Ecart
- Thomas l’imposteur
- Conrad, Joseph: The Rover
- Coward, Noel: London Calling!
- cummings, e.e.: Tulips & Chimneys
- Freud, Sigmund: The Ego and the Id
- Frost, Robert: New Hampshire
- Gibran, Kahlil: The Prophet
- Grey, Zane:
- Wanderer of the Wasteland
- Tappan’s Burro
- Hemingway, Ernest: Three Stories and Ten Poems
- Huxley, Aldous: Antic Hay
- Kipling, Rudyard: The Irish Guards in the Great War
- Lawrence, D.H.:
- The Captain’s Doll
- The Ladybird
- The Fox
- Le Corbusier: Towards a New Architecture
- Lovecraft, H.P.:
- The Lurking Fear
- What the Moon Brings
- Mansfield, Katherine: The Doves’ Nest
- Moeller van den Bruck, Arthur: Das Dritte Reich
- Montessori, Maria: Das Kind in der Familie
- Montgomery, L.M.: Emily of New Moon
- Neruda, Pablo: Crepusculario
- O’Flaherty, Liam: Thy Neighbour’s Wife
- Proust, Marcel: The Prisoner, volume 5 of In Search of Lost Time (note that English translations have their own copyrights)
- Ray, Sukumar: Abol Tabol
- Rice, Elmer: The Adding Machine
- Ridley, Arnold: The Ghost Train
- Russell, Bertrand:
- The Prospects of Industrial Civilization (with Dora Russell)
- The ABCs of Atoms
- Salten, Felix: Bambi illustrated by Barbara Cooney—the source of Disney’s animated film, and the first in a series
- Sandburg, Carl: Rootabaga Pigeons
- Sayers, Dorothy L.: Whose Body?, the first Lord Peter Wimsey novel
- Shaw, George Bernard: Saint Joan
- Stevens, Wallace: Harmonium
- Svevo, Italo: La Coscienza di Zeno
- Tolstoy, Alexei: Aelita
- Toomer, Jean: Cane
- Vane, Sutton: Outward Bound
- Wells, H.G.:
- Men Like Gods
- Socialism and the Scientific Motive
- Wharton, Edith: A Son at the Front
- Widdemer, Margaret: Graven Image
- Williams, William Carlos:
- Great American Novel
- Go Go
- Spring and All
- Wilson, Margaret: The Able McLaughlins
- Wodehouse, P.G.:
- The Inimitable Jeeves
- Leave it to Psmith
- Woolf, Virginia:
- Dalloway in Bond Street
- In the Orchard
- Xun, Lu: Call to Arms (Na han)
- Brâncusi, Constantin: Bird in Space
- Duchamp, Marcel: The Bride Stripped Bare By Her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass)
- Ernst, Max:
- Pieta or Revolution by Night
- Saint Cecilia
- The Wavering Woman
- Ubu Imperator
- Of This Men Shall Know Nothing
- Escher, M.C.: Dolphins
- Kandinsky, Wassily:
- Circles in a Circle
- On White II
- Matisse, Henri: Odalisque With Raised Arms
- Picasso, Pablo:
- Portrait of woman in d’hermine pass
- Head of a woman
- Harlequin with his hands crossed (Jacinto Salvado)
- Paul, the artist’s son, ten years old
- Pan’s flute
- Portrait of Paulo, artist’s son
- Seated woman
- Seated harlequin (Jacinto Salvado)
- Seated woman with her arms folded (Sarah Murphy)
- Woman in white
- Standing female nude
- Taikan, Yokoyama: Metempsychosis
Many thanks to The Atlantic and lifehacker for providing many of the resources for this list. You can also find great resources about the public domain from the Center for the Study of the Public Domain at Duke.
Disclaimer: I tried to find a couple sources for each item listed, but please use this list with care and do your own research on publication dates.
Registration Open for OER Workshop on January 10, 2019
Are you interested in learning more about Open Educational Resources (OER), how to find and adapt them, how to create them, how the copyright works, how to incorporate openness into your teaching, and how the library can help with affordable course text options?
If so, please join us for a half-day, hands-on OER Workshop for instructors on Thursday, January 10, 2019.
The workshop is free and open to UT faculty, graduate students, and staff, but seating is limited and registration is required. Priority will be given to those people who are teaching for-credit courses.
Sign up for the OER Workshop via UT Learn at this link: https://utexas.csod.com/LMS/LoDetails/DetailsLo.aspx?loid=f0ab5708-915a-4351-9a29-7aba00c3279c&query=%3fq%3dOpen+Education+Workshop#t=3
Seating is limited to 30 participants; waitlist is available.
DATE & TIME
Thursday, January 10, 2019
Start time: 9am
End time: 1pm
We will have short breaks and lunch.
¡Afro-Colombianos Presentes! Launching a Post-Custodial Project with the Proceso de Comunidades Negras in Colombia
Our next scholarly communication brown bag discussion will be about retractions. We hope to talk about how retractions get issued, how researchers find out about retracted articles, what happens to people who are involved in a retraction, and what impact this has on the research lifecycle.
In advance of that discussion, here are a few resources that may help provide some context.
- Scientific Misconduct and Medical Journals – Editorial in the Journal of the American Medical Association
- Checklist for Research Integrity Investigation Reports – see article supplement for checklist
We are also gathering anonymous feedback about retractions. If you have anything to share regarding retractions (even if you haven’t been directly involved) please consider taking the short survey.
We hope to see you on Wednesday, Nov. 7th, at 12:00pm in PCL Learning Lab 3.
Open educational resources (OER) – instructional resources made from open materials – are a logical endpoint when discussing open access initiatives.
At UT Libraries, we’re committed to promoting the adoption and creation of OER across campus. Our OER Working Group’s efforts were recently discussed on Tex Libris, and they have included revamping the OER LibGuide and creating a helpful guide for discussing OER with different audiences, among other outreach efforts to raise campus OER awareness.
As we continue to encourage the development and use of OER, we also have to acknowledge associated difficulties, chief among those being lack of funds and lack of time.
These are serious impediments to widespread OER adoption. However, progress is being made to address them. Following the Texas Legislature’s passage of SB 810, the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board is in the process of awarding its first round of grants to instructors who will be (re)creating courses using only OER.
At a federal level, the U.S. Department of Education announced that its inaugural $5 million Open Textbooks grant award will go to LibreTexts, a UC Davis effort “to develop an easy-to-use online platform for the construction, customization, and dissemination of open educational resources (OER) to reduce the burdens of unreasonable textbook costs to our students and society”.
At Ohio University, a partnership between Ohio University Libraries and the Office of Instructional Innovation, paired subject liaison librarians with OER-interested faculty members to redesign courses to use only OER as part of the Alt-Textbook Initiative. Through a combination of faculty release time and librarian staff time, the Initiative was able to redesign 24 courses for projected student cost savings of roughly $200,000.
By identifying new and creative partnerships and advocating for legislative funding for OER efforts, the open community is working toward sustainable and scalable OER solutions.
Share and discover information about OER activities at campuses across North America on SPARC’s Connect OER platform.
A key component of scholarly communication is, in fact, communication. What’s the point of making information available if engagement doesn’t follow? One way of facilitating increased engagement with scholarly literature is through the hosting of preprint articles on institutional repositories and preprint servers.
Preprints are typically defined as scholarly articles that have not yet undergone peer-review and are ready to be submitted for publication. Generally, preprints include the same overall information as final published articles but lack the added design elements and review that occur in the journal publication process. Most importantly in terms of open access, authors can, in most circumstances, freely post and make available their preprint work online.
Preprints speed up the dissemination of scholarly literature by aligning with researcher timelines – not publisher timelines. Preprint servers like arXiv, bioRxiv, and OSF Preprints typically make author-submitted preprints available for viewing in just a few business days, allowing posted articles to be both timely and relevant to current discussions. In the age of social media and instant reporting, it’s important that scholarly research increase the immediacy with which it’s available to enter public discourse.Image by Daniela Saderi & Adam Lazenby / CC BY 4.0
To come to any kind of consensus on scholarly research, we need a diverse range of individuals engaging with the research and giving feedback on findings. Open knowledge initiatives like PREreview, a web platform allowing for peer-reviewing of preprint articles, encourage scholarly conversation to occur between individuals whose voices have been historically excluded from this crucial process, such as early career and unaffiliated researchers. PREreview also provides valuable preprint feedback to “be compiled into a review and sent back to the authors, who then have the chance of integrating that feedback into their work” (Welcome to PREreview).
According to responses from about 500 faculty members in a recent UT Libraries’ survey, roughly 65% of faculty respondents have shared their scholarly research in “pre-print or e-print digital archives” in the past 5 years (Ithaka survey, Q10). Nearly 40% of those same respondents believed circulating preprint versions of their work to be “an important way for me to communicate my research findings with my peers” (Ithaka survey, Q12).
Considering submission of your preprint work to a preprint server? Double-check journal submission policies on SHERPA/RoMEO before doing so.
Interested in more results from the UT Libraries’ Ithaka S+R 2018 survey of faculty, graduate students, and undergraduate students? View the full results online.
Open data is defined as “research data that is freely available on the internet; permits any user to download, copy, analyze, re-process, pass to software or use for any other purpose; and is without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself” (Open Data). Many funding agencies (NIH, NSF) and journals (Nature, Science) now mandate that researchers share their data upon completion of a research project.
So, what are some of our goals when we make data open?
- Increasing transparency and public trust in the scientific process,
- Providing research access to historically excluded user groups, and
- Making space for previously unexplored areas of scholarship through the promotion of collaboration and interdisciplinarity.
By allowing for and encouraging the free use and reuse of data, we give users the opportunity to more fully understand a researcher’s methods and to draw their own (potentially different) conclusions by engaging directly with the source materials.
To accomplish these goals, however, we need a place to keep all this open data. Open data repositories are quickly growing in popularity and use. Last year, UT got its own in the form of the Texas Data Repository. While only current UT students, faculty, and staff can freely host and share their own research data here, anyone can view and download posted datasets. Uploaded datasets are also assigned their own DOI so they can be cited in future research, and data creators can receive credit for citable content, further incentivizing and normalizing data sharing in the research process.
To search or browse a registry of open data repositories, visit re3data.org.